Antibiotics

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Author:
mame727
ID:
244254
Filename:
Antibiotics
Updated:
2013-10-31 23:54:41
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Antibiotic Table page
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Description:
Page 2 antibiotic table
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  1. Glycopeptide
    Teicoplanin
    • Inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis:
    • Binds to L-ala-D ala subunits and prevents their insertion into the cell wall.
  2. Aminoglycocide
    ksng

    • Kanamycin
    • Streptomycin
    • Neomycin
    • Gentamicin
    • Inhibits Protein synthesis:
    • Binds to the 30s subunit of the bacterial ribosome blocking the tRna and the addition of new amino acids.
  3. Macrolide
    eac

    • Erythromycin
    • Azithromycin
    • clarithromycin

    • Inhibits protein synthesis:
    • Binds to the 50s subunit of the bacterial ribosome blocking the translocation of the ribosome
  4. Tetracycline
    tmd

    • Tetracycline
    • Minocycline
    • Doxycycline

    • Inhibits protein synthesis:
    • Binds to the 30s subuinit of the bacterial ribosome blocking the tRna and the addition of new amino acids.
  5. Fluoroquinolone
    clo

    • Ciprofloxacin
    • Levofloxacin
    • Ofloxacin

    • Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis
    • Blocks Dna gyrase, the enzyme responsible for nicking and sealing bacterial Dna during supercoiling.
  6. Sulfonamide
    Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

    Inhibits folic acid (folate) synthesis in bacteria; folate antagonist.

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