history of funeral service

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history of funeral service
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  1. which culture is associated with practice of immersing the body of the dead in earthen jars filled with honey or wax
    babylonians
  2. with which era are the years 30,000B.C to 6,000B.C associated with
    Neolithic Period
  3. the year associated with the Medieval Period are
    600A.D to 1,850
  4. tree burial was associated with what
    North American Indians
  5. the year 1628 is associated with which great event in the history of embalming
    discovery of blood circulation
  6. the one in Egypt known as God of the Underworld and Judge Dead was
    osiris
  7. the ones who created mummies that were referred to as "Xaxos" were the
    gaunches
  8. in Egyptian history, the walled suburb of a major city where embalming was performed was referred to as the
    Necropolis
  9. the earliest assumed state of man was depictive of which era
    Eolithic
  10. what culture were believed to have thrown their dead to hordes og wild dogs
    mongolians
  11. according to ancient Egyptian death beliefs, the element of the body which remained with the body in the grave and demanded attention form the living was the
    ka
  12. the most expensive method of Egyptian embalming consisted of 5 steps, the last of which was
    bandaging and anointing
  13. according to ancient Egyptian history, approximately what years required to complete the journey known at the "Circle of Necessity"
    3,000
  14. the term Sarcophagus refers to what
    a coffin
  15. which person is known to have skinned their dead as part of the body preparation procedure
    North American Indians
  16. the term "Tabona" referred to what
    a flint stone knife
  17. the Egyptian felt that the seat of intellect and emotion
    heart
  18. what did the Egyptians believe to be the Center of the Universe
    the sun
  19. how often did the inundation (overflowing) of the Nile River occur
    once a year
  20. Regarding the journey known as the Circle of Necessity
    to the sun and back
  21. who was the Greek historian known as the "Father of embalming"
    herodotus
  22. the "Guild of All Souls" was established in
    London, England
  23. the "Father of Modern Embalming" in the United States is
    Dr. Thomas Holmes
  24. in discussing the undertaking specialists of ancient Egypt, what was referred to as the priest
    kher-heb
  25. the Ba, Yakhu, the Name, the Heart, the Shadow, the Ka are elements of the body that were associated with what culture
    Egyptian
  26. Libitina and Libitinerius are funeral functionaries identified with what early culture
    Romans
  27. the "Crier" in Ancient Rome was also referred to as the
    Praeco
  28. the Cult of Dionysius is associated with what cultures
    Ancient Greeks
  29. the Elysian Fields death belief is associated with cultures
    Ancient greeks
  30. the Cult of Osiris identified with which early civilization
    ancient Egyptian
  31. the placing of various organs in canopic jars and embalming by class distinction was specifically associated with what early civilization
    Ancient Egyptians
  32. the "Designator" in ancient Rome was also referred to as the
    Master of Ceremonies
  33. the use of an "Effigy" become popularized during
    middle- age
  34. During the Middle Age, a waxed death masked was referred to as a(n)
    effigy
  35. the Great Plague of London took place during the
    middle-ages
  36. the Great Plague of London took place in
    1664-1665
  37. a sin-eater was associated with what culture
    Middle-Ages
  38. in discussing early American funerals, inviters to funerals and town undertakers were referred to as
    municipal officers
  39. the Egyptian "God of Dead" was
    Osiris
  40. Burial Societies were becoming common place during
    medieval Period
  41. the first ppl to dress their dead in white clothing were the
    Christians
  42. the person who was responsible for bringing the European Embalming techniques to the U.S. was
    Harlan
  43. the term used by the Jewish ppl to represent the flesh was
    Basar
  44. Jewish burials were scheduled
    during the day of death before sundown
  45. the Medieval Irish wakes ere known for their
    light-hearted practices
  46. the most common form of disposition for the early Scandinavians was
    creamation
  47. what is not true of the Ancient Jewish Funeral
    the woman always prepared the dead bodies
  48. Another name for the Dark Ages was
    Middle-Ages
  49. the period of time when the Egyptians were embalming bodies was
    Ancient
  50. the name of the Jewish grave that was covered with a stone slab is
    Sunken
  51. Burial trends during the Middle Ages were greatly influenced by the
    church
  52. the Kiss of Peace represented a major break in tradition btwn the Christians and the
    Jews
  53. One of the countries which made mask making very popular in replacing the body during the long periods the body was lying in state was
    England
  54. the country which practiced "Communion of the Dead" was
    Ireland and Scotland
  55. what is not part of a Roman Committal Service
    Burial mass celebrated at the grave site
  56. the focal point of a Roman Funeral Procession was the
    Torch bearer
  57. the name of the place of Greek Afterlife was
    Hades
  58. what does not have any significance in the Greek Burial practices and customs
    God's Little Acre
  59. Constantine's Sumptuary Laws
    was a body of mortuary laws
  60. the first Christian ruler of Rome was
    Constantine
  61. what individuals involved in the Egyptian embalming process was the most prominent
    Priest
  62. what individual involved in the Egyptian embalming process, the person who marked the length of the incision with a charcoal pencil was the
    Scribe
  63. the percentage of Egyptians prepared by the inexpensive method of embalming was
    80%
  64. what was not part of an Egyptian Funeral Procession
    Jesters
  65. what individuals involved in the Egyptian embalming process, who was in charge of the funeral procession of an influential Egyptian
    Physician
  66. the Roman "Head Undertaker" was referred to as the
    Libitinarious
  67. Early Scandinavians referred to Valhalla as
    Land of the Dead
  68. In the mythological concepts of the Greek Afterlife, the Greeks prepared the body to go to
    Hades
  69. many historians credit the Greeks as the first to use
    cremation
  70. the person who discovered formaldehyde in 1868 was
    Hofmann
  71. the ppl who dressed their dead in togas were the
    Romans
  72. the ppl who cremated their dead with all of their worldly possessions were
    Northern Europeans
  73. the person who had Gannal's book published in the U.S. was
    Harlan
  74. who usually had their funeral processions during the night
    romans
  75. the jewish ppl believed the individual was made up of two elements which are
    Nefesh and Basar
  76. the deceased Hebrews dressed in
    their beast attire
  77. Jewish funeral customs were noted for their
    simplicity
  78. the Jewish religious sect which had a very strict viewpoint of their religious policies and procedures were the
    Orthodox
  79. the injection of cedar oil into the abdomen of the body was utilized in the medium priced method of Egyptian embalming, causing the organs in the cavity to
    be dissoved
  80. what approximate percentage of the Egyptian populace were prepared by the expensive method of embalming
    2%
  81. the canopic jars which housed the organs of the deceased Egyptians were named after the four son of
    Horus
  82. in ancient Egyptian Beliefs of the Cult of Osiris, who was Osiris wicked brother
    set
  83. the Deity who is known as "God of the Underworld" is
    Osiris
  84. the sun worshipers believed ppl were developed form___ elements
    6
  85. the Necropolis was
    City of the Dead
  86. Egyptian burial receptacles which were large, massive, and rectangular in shape, describe the ___ casket
    sarcophgus
  87. the civilization of ppl whose faith necessitated burial of the deceased by sundown on the day of death was the
    Hebrews
  88. the most desirable mode of disposition for the Egyptians was
    entombment
  89. the individual designated to eviscerate and wash the Egyptian remains was

    apothecary
    scribe
    surgeon
    none of these
  90. the Egyptian coffin which gained popularity because of the influence of Osiris was called the
    anthropoid
  91. what is not part of the expensive Egyptian embalming method
    immersion in molten asphalt
  92. the individual involved in embalming the Egyptian dead whose functions were embalming and wrapping of the remains was
    Surgeon
  93. the individual involved in embalming the Egyptian dead whose function was to anoint the body with the necessary oils, spices and ointments was the
    Apothecary Servant
  94. the most noted impact the Egyptian coffins had on another civilization was with the
    Romans
  95. which of the following came first

    treatment of deceased
    formulation of government
    funeral customs
    formulation of definite religious beliefs
    funeral customs
  96. the ___ are credited with the introduction of cremation
    Greeks
  97. with the introduction of coffins and early funeral goods, who was primarily pursuing undertaking profession
    craftsman
  98. what was not a consideration in the development of coffins and burial cases
    importance on preservation of the deceased
  99. what is not a consideration with the introduction of the metallic burial casket
    ounces per square foot
  100. what is not a major influence in the development of chemical embalming
    air tight receptacles
  101. Early methods of transporting the body included all but what

    bier
    bearers
    horse-down carts
    limousine
    limousine
  102. during the 19th century, various chemical manufacturers were influential in the development of mortuary education and the rising prevalence of embalming. among the services which those companies offered the undertaker included all but what
    merchandising techniques for use in the casket room
  103. what is associated with the introduction and development of early funeral transportation
    crane and Breed
  104. as casket manufacturers becomes more sophisticated in their merchandise, what was an attitudinal change which would reflected in their products
    more aesthetic luxury
  105. the "Conclamatio Mortis" is identified with what
    the calling out of the dead
  106. who is credited with receiving one, if not the first patent, in regards to life preserving coffins
    Christian Eisenbrandt
  107. a waxed death masked of nobility was referred to as an
    effigy
  108. the wake during the Middle-ages was also referred to as the
    vigil for the dead
  109. Edwin Chadwick is associated with what
    investigator of mass corruption in regards to English practices
  110. in ancient Egypt, the priest was also referred to as the
    Kher-Heb
  111. Dionysius was recognized as
    the god of wine
  112. the burial in Woolen Act took place in what year
    1666
  113. which funeral functionary in ancient Rome was identified as the "crier"
    praeco
  114. the "god of the underworld" is recognized by what god
    osiris
  115. in ancient Rome, this early death belief said that the body and soul were composed of atoms which simply disintegrated at death. who is responsible for influencing this belief
    Epicurus
  116. one of the first coffin shop/warehouses was started in New York by
    John L. Dillon
  117. Receptacles that were patented in the early 19th century but which gained no popular appeal were referred to as
    also -ran
  118. a social development in the Middle-Ages whereby the bodies of the noble were separated and the bones were brought back to their home in a chest describes
    independent bone burial
  119. in discussing early American undertaking inviters to funeral were considered to be
    municipal officers
  120. who received one of the first patents for a corpse cooler/cooling board during the 19th century
    Robert Frederick and C.A. tump
  121. in ancient Rome, where did burial and/or entombment take place
    outside the walls of rome
  122. the goddess of corpses and funerals is recognized as
    Libitina
  123. in discussing ancient rome culture, "the designator" was also referred to as
    the master of ceremonies
  124. the Egyptian undertaking specialist whose job including making medicines and anointing the body of the deceased was referred to as
    the Apothecary
  125. what is know for featuring a horse drawn hearse at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893 that resembled a church-like design and which weighed 2400 pounds
    crane and breed
  126. what is not considered to be an influential person in the development of embalming school
    Edwin Chawick
  127. what is not a reason why "auto funerals" would be slow in being accepted
    auto hearses were less costly than the traditional horse-drawn hearse
  128. by virtue of technical skill and knowledge, what individual, in particular, was qualified to fulfill the role as coroner in early America
    Town undertakers
  129. in discussing metallic burial caskets, the ogee design served what purpose
    it reduced the excess space that characterized most metallic burial casket

    it reduced the excess weight that characterized most metallic burial casket
  130. what receptacles was used for ex-president Grant
    Style "E" State Casket
  131. M.H. Crane and J.R. Barnes acquired the manufacturing rights from Fisk in what year
    1853
  132. the "Head Undertaker" in ancient Rome was referred to as
    Libitinarius
  133. the evisceration of body organs and their placement in four canopic jars was associated with the embalming practices of which ancient civilization
    Egyptian
  134. the individual to receive the first American patent on a metallic coffin
    James A Gray
  135. what was the effect on the cemeteries in regards to the Great Plague of London
    Cemeteries were overcrowded
  136. what individual criticized the use of common preservatives such as arsenic in regards to embalming
    Dr. Thomas Holmes
  137. a ___ or a long pleated arrangement of the linen was worn by a widow during the Middle-Ages. This arrangement resembled a beard
    Barbe
  138. During the late Middle-Ages, who began experimenting with embalming
    Anatomist and Surgeon
  139. in discussing Edwin Chadwick's report he recommend
    all cemeteries be municipalized

    religious rite be simplified and standardized
  140. Singers, Jesters, and Actors were a very important part of the early Christian funeral procession 

    t/f
    false
  141. in Egyptian embalming procedure, once the evisceration incision was closed and covered with wax, a symbol called the "Eye of the Tiger" was placed in the wax

    t/f
    false
  142. the ancient Greeks and Romans made use of professional mourners 

    t/f
    true
  143. in ancient Rome, burial within the city walls was prohibited for sanitary reasons

    t/f
    true
  144. Cremation was the only form of disposition ever used by the Roman

    t/f
    false
  145. Earth burial was the main mode of final disposition used by Germans/Scandinavians

    t/f
    false
  146. a common practice by the Greeks was to hold the funeral procession two hr after sunrise

    t/f
    false
  147. the Peruvians practice the act of placing the deceased in a squatting position

    t/f
    true
  148. cremation and earth burial were both modes of final disposition practiced by the Romans

    t/f
    true
  149. the Roman funeral procession was simple and uniformly standardized for all classes of society

    t/f
    false
  150. Trapezae or square-cut tombs are identified with the ancient Greeks

    t/f
    true
  151. High status funerals in ancient Rome were held during the day

    t/f
    true
  152. the increase in funeral ostentation was observed during the English Middle-Ages

    t/f
    true
  153. A "Sin-Eater" is associated with the ancient Egyptian

    t/f
    false
  154. feudal funeral are associated with ancient Greek

    t/f
    false
  155. the anthropoid shape is associated with the Fisk metallic coffin

    t/f
    true
  156. the Fisk metallic coffin was an air-tight coffin

    t/f
    true
  157. the Burial in Woolen Act of 1666 prohibited the use of cotton in the shroud and in the lining of a coffin

    t/f
    false
  158. a Barbe was worn by the widow during the Middle-ages

    t/f
    true
  159. a bodily existence under the earth was a death belief associated with the late 19th Century thinking

    t/f
    false
  160. J. Anthony Gaussardia was known as an innovator in regards to introducing metallic coffins

    t/f
    false
  161. crane and Breed were recognized in the late 19th Century as innovators of embalming

    t/f
    false
  162. Nurses, mid-wives, and specific layers out of the dead were recognized as early performers of personal service in early America

    t or f
    true
  163. john hunter
    credited with the discovery of "Hunter's Canal"
  164. Dr. Thomas Holmes
    Father of Embalming in the US
  165. Dr. William Hunter
    first to successfully adopt arterial injection as a means of preservation
  166. Dr. Frederick Ruysch
    father of embalming
  167. August Hofman
    credited with discovering formaldehyde
  168. Marcello Malpighi
    father of histology
  169. jean gannal
    author of "history of Embalming"
  170. Dr. William Harvey
    discovered the circulation of blood
  171. Leonardo da Vinci
    painter of the last supper
  172. Anthony van Leeuwenhoek
    father of bacteriology
  173. Edwin Chadwick publishes his report in this year
    1842
  174. the Fisk Metallic Coffin was patented in this year
    1848
  175. welcome heir to new estate
    the purpose of the funeral feast during the Middle-Ages
  176. Dr. Thomas Holmes
    father of embalming
  177. J. Anthony Gaussardia
    Patented process of embalming involving the injection of an arsenic-alcohol mixture
  178. ancient egyptains believed that the ___ was the center, the focus of the universe, which all things emerged and to which they returned
    the sun
  179. ____ believed that after death life will esist
    Egyptians
  180. who were the first to believe in the immoralit soul
    Ancient Egyptians
  181. early pagan ppl generally closed the eyes and the mouth of the dead for what reason
    so the soul doesn't leave the body
  182. god of the underworld
    judge of the dead
    was seen as the fertility god
    osiris
  183. god of wisdom
    read the deeds of the dead in the Hall of Two Truths
    thoth
  184. god of embalming
    guilded the dead to the underworld
    anubis
  185. sun god
    the sun was considered his eye
    the Pharaohs believed themselves to be the children of him
    Ra
  186. Aardvark headed god of evil
    protected Ra's barge as it went through the underworld
    set
  187. protector of mankind
    hours
  188. goddess of justice
    feather of truth: used to weigh the heart of the dead
    Mà at
  189. ancient Egyptians believed that the ____ is the seat of the intellect and emotion
    the heart

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