Card Set Information
what is gait cycle?
heel strike to heel strike of the same LE
what is stride length?
the distance of the gait cycle
what is the step length?
distance from heel strike to heel strike of opposite LE's
what is the stance phase?
foot is in contact with the ground (referring to one side)
heel strike to foot flat
start of foot supination
what is swing phase?
foot isn't in contact with ground
both feet in contact with the ground
one foot in contact with the ground
percentage of gait cycle in double support
percentage of gait cycle in single support
What does heel strike include?(5)
ankle in neutral
slight knee flexion
25* hip flexion
lower trunk rotation to opposite side
contralateral arm movement to provide counter rotation of upper trunk
another name for heel strike
what does foot flat include?(3)
15* of plantarflexion
20* of knee flexion
hip moving into extension
another name for foot flat?
what does midstance include?(4)
ankle in slight dorsiflexion
trunk in neutral rotation
what is midstance?
body passing over the weight-bearing foot
what does heel-off include?(4)
ankle from dorsiflexion to plantarflexion
lower trunk rotation to the same side
what is another term for heel-off?
toe-off does what?
signals beginning of swing phase
toe-off is also termed...
what does toe-off include?(3)
hip flexion--(in comparison to where it was)
Acceleration of swing phase includes what?(3)
acceleration of swing phase is also called what?
Midswing of swing phase includes what?(3)
hip 25* flexion
deceleration of swing phase includes what? (2)
deceleration of swing phase is also called what?
what is vertical displacement?
2 in. up and down from COG
what is the width of walking base?
2 to 4 in. of heel separation
What are the 3 phases in the Swing Phase?
Acceleration, midswing, deceleration
initial swing, midswing, terminal swing
Gluteus Maximus Gait appears as..
the trunk quickly shifting posteriorly at heel strike
Gluteus Maximus Gait
hip extensors limit hip flexion at heel strike
maintenance of hip extension during stance phase
Gluteus Medius gait appears as..
trunk shifting to affected side
Gluteus Medius Gait
Trendelenburg gait test
opposite hip drops if weak glute med.
pt's trunk sidebends to affected side as compensation
Genu recurvatum Gait
excessive knee hyperextension during the stance phase
no deceleration during swing phase
lack of ankle dorsiflexors
forefoot strikes first
lack of eccentric control of dorsiflexors
typical treatment for foot drop
heel strike but no control going into foot flat
triceps surae weakness effects what muscles?
triceps surae weakness
no heel rise at push off
short step length for unaffected side
Excessive motion occurs above and below the joints affected
: cervical, lumbar, knee, ankle
shifts body to uninvolved side
circumducts affected limb
strikes to flat foot
decreased step length on unaffected side
difficulty knowing where their limbs are in space
Parkinsonian Gait characteristics (3)
decreased arm sing and stride length
Scissors Gait characteristics
tight hip adductors
Gait affected by pain