Kinesiology- Gait

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  1. what is gait cycle?
    heel strike to heel strike of the same LE
  2. what is stride length?
    the distance of the gait cycle
  3. what is the step length?
    distance from heel strike to heel strike of opposite LE's
  4. what is the stance phase?
    foot is in contact with the ground (referring to one side)
  5. heel strike to foot flat
    foot pronation
  6. midstance
    start of foot supination
  7. toe-off
    foot supinates
  8. what is swing phase?
    foot isn't in contact with ground
  9. double support
    both feet in contact with the ground
  10. single support
    one foot in contact with the ground
  11. percentage of gait cycle in double support
  12. percentage of gait cycle in single support
  13. What does heel strike include?(5)
    • ankle in neutral
    • slight knee flexion
    • 25* hip flexion
    • lower trunk rotation to opposite side
    • contralateral arm movement to provide counter rotation of upper trunk
  14. another name for heel strike
    initial contact
  15. what does foot flat include?(3)
    • 15* of plantarflexion
    • 20* of knee flexion
    • hip moving into extension
  16. another name for foot flat?
    loading response
  17. what does midstance include?(4)
    • ankle in slight dorsiflexion
    • knee extension
    • hip extension
    • trunk in neutral rotation
  18. what is midstance?
    body passing over the weight-bearing foot
  19. what does heel-off include?(4)
    • ankle from dorsiflexion to plantarflexion
    • knee extension
    • hip hyperextension
    • lower trunk rotation to the same side
  20. what is another term for heel-off?
    terminal stance
  21. toe-off does what?
    signals beginning of swing phase
  22. toe-off is also termed...
  23. what does toe-off include?(3)
    • ankle plantarflexion
    • knee flexion
    • hip flexion--(in comparison to where it was)
  24. Acceleration of swing phase includes what?(3)
    • ankle dorsiflexion
    • knee flexion
    • hip flexion
  25. acceleration of swing phase is also called what?
    Initial Swing
  26. Midswing of swing phase includes what?(3)
    • ankle neutral
    • knee flexion
    • hip 25* flexion
  27. deceleration of swing phase includes what? (2)
    • ankle neutral
    • knee extending
  28. deceleration of swing phase is also called what?
    terminal swing
  29. what is vertical displacement?
    2 in. up and down from COG
  30. what is the width of walking base?
    2 to 4 in. of heel separation
  31. What are the 3 phases in the Swing Phase?
    • Acceleration, midswing, deceleration
    • or
    • initial swing, midswing, terminal swing
  32. Gluteus Maximus Gait appears as..
    the trunk quickly shifting posteriorly at heel strike
  33. Gluteus Maximus Gait
    • hip extensors limit hip flexion at heel strike
    • maintenance of hip extension during stance phase
  34. Gluteus Medius gait appears as..
    trunk shifting to affected side
  35. Gluteus Medius Gait
    • Trendelenburg gait test
    • opposite hip drops if weak glute med.
    • pt's trunk sidebends to affected side as compensation
  36. Genu recurvatum Gait
    • excessive knee hyperextension during the stance phase
    • no deceleration during swing phase
    • hamstring weakness
  37. Foot drop
    • lack of ankle dorsiflexors
    • forefoot strikes first
    • lack of eccentric control of dorsiflexors
  38. typical treatment for foot drop
  39. Foot slap
    heel strike but no control going into foot flat
  40. triceps surae weakness effects what muscles?
    • gastrocnemius
    • soleus
  41. triceps surae weakness
    • no heel rise at push off
    • short step length for unaffected side
  42. fusions
    • Excessive motion occurs above and below the joints affected
    • typically: cervical, lumbar, knee, ankle
  43. Hemiplegic Gait
    • shifts body to uninvolved side
    • circumducts affected limb
    • strikes to flat foot
    • decreased step length on unaffected side
  44. Ataxic Gait
    • cerebellar involvement
    • wide BOS
    • unsteady/staggering movements
    • difficulty knowing where their limbs are in space
  45. Parkinsonian Gait characteristics (3)
    • trunk flexion
    • decreased arm sing and stride length
    • shuffling gait
  46. Scissors Gait characteristics
    tight hip adductors
  47. Antalgic Gait
    • Gait affected by pain
    • -limps
Card Set:
Kinesiology- Gait
2013-11-01 21:55:54

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