HSCI 003 Chapter 8 Pathologies

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tgherasim
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244383
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HSCI 003 Chapter 8 Pathologies
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2013-11-01 18:15:19
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Medical Terminology
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Pathologies of the female reproductive system.
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  1. Carcinoma of the Cervix
    • Malignant cells within the cervix.
    • HPV: most important cause of cervical cancer, it causes genital warts.
    • Treatment requires radial hysterectomy.
  2. Cervicitis
    • Inflammation of the cervix.
    • Chlamydia and Gonorrhea: bacteria that usually causes cervicitis.
    • Leukorrhea and erosions are signs.
  3. Endometrial Cancer
    Malignant tumor of the uterine lining (adenocarcinoma).
  4. Endometrosis
    Endometrial tissue located outside the uterus.
  5. Fibroids
    • Benign tumor in the uterus.
    • Also known as "leiomymata" or "leiomyomas."
    • Surgery: UAE
  6. Ovarian Carcinoma
    • Malignant tumor of the ovary (adenocarcinoma).
    • Inherited genes that increase the risk: BRCA1 and BRCA2.
  7. Ovarian Cysts
    • Collections of fluid within sacs (cysts) in the ovaries.
    • Cystoadenocarcinomas: malignant and lined with tumor cells.
  8. Fibrocystic Breast Disease
    Numerous small sacs of fluid surrounded by dense strands of fibrous tissue in the breast.
  9. Abruptio Placentae
    Premature separation of the normally implanted placenta.
  10. Ectopic Pregnancy
    Implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location.
  11. Multiple Gestations
    More than one fetus inside of the uterus.
  12. Placenta Previa
    Implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus.
  13. Preeclampsia
    • Abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache.
    • Eclampsia: final and most severe phase of untreated preeclampsia.
  14. Erythroblastosis Fetalis
    • Hemolytic disease in the newborn (HDN) caused by a blood group (Rh factor) incompatibility between the mother and the fetus.
    • Neonatal
  15. Hyaline Membrane Disease
    • Acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn.
    • Also known as RDS.
    • Neonatal.
  16. Hydrocephalus
    • Accumulation of fluid in the space of the brain.
    • Neonatal.
  17. Meconium Aspiration Syndrome
    • Abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stool) produced by a fetus or newborn.
    • Neonatal.
  18. Pyloric Stenosis
    • Narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum.
    • Neonatal.
  19. Hysterosalpingography (HSG)
    X-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material.
  20. Aspiration
    Withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction.
  21. Cauterization
    Destruction of tissue by burning.
  22. Colposcopy
    Visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope.
  23. Conization
    Removal of a cone-shaped section (cone-biopsy) of the cervix.
  24. Cryosurgery
    Use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue.
  25. Culdocentesis
    Needle aspiration of fluid from the cel-de-sac.
  26. Exentration
    Removal of internal organs within a cavity.
  27. Laparscopy
    • Visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope (laparscope).
    • A form of MIS is used.
  28. Tubal Ligation
    Blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occuring.
  29. Amniocentesis
    Needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amnitioc fluid for analysis.
  30. Pelvimetry
    Measyrement of the dimensions of the maternal pelvis.

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