HSCI 003 Chapter 8 Pathologies
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Carcinoma of the Cervix
- Malignant cells within the cervix.
- HPV: most important cause of cervical cancer, it causes genital warts.
- Treatment requires radial hysterectomy.
- Inflammation of the cervix.
- Chlamydia and Gonorrhea: bacteria that usually causes cervicitis.
- Leukorrhea and erosions are signs.
Malignant tumor of the uterine lining (adenocarcinoma).
Endometrial tissue located outside the uterus.
- Benign tumor in the uterus.
- Also known as "leiomymata" or "leiomyomas."
- Surgery: UAE
- Malignant tumor of the ovary (adenocarcinoma).
- Inherited genes that increase the risk: BRCA1 and BRCA2.
- Collections of fluid within sacs (cysts) in the ovaries.
- Cystoadenocarcinomas: malignant and lined with tumor cells.
Fibrocystic Breast Disease
Numerous small sacs of fluid surrounded by dense strands of fibrous tissue in the breast.
Premature separation of the normally implanted placenta.
Implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location.
More than one fetus inside of the uterus.
Implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus.
- Abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache.
- Eclampsia: final and most severe phase of untreated preeclampsia.
- Hemolytic disease in the newborn (HDN) caused by a blood group (Rh factor) incompatibility between the mother and the fetus.
Hyaline Membrane Disease
- Acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn.
- Also known as RDS.
- Accumulation of fluid in the space of the brain.
Meconium Aspiration Syndrome
- Abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stool) produced by a fetus or newborn.
- Narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum.
X-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material.
Withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction.
Destruction of tissue by burning.
Visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope.
Removal of a cone-shaped section (cone-biopsy) of the cervix.
Use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue.
Needle aspiration of fluid from the cel-de-sac.
Removal of internal organs within a cavity.
- Visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope (laparscope).
- A form of MIS is used.
Blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occuring.
Needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amnitioc fluid for analysis.
Measyrement of the dimensions of the maternal pelvis.
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