HSCI 003 Chapter 9 Abbreviations and Pathologies

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HSCI 003 Chapter 9 Abbreviations and Pathologies
2013-11-01 21:17:42
Medical Terminology

Abbreviations of the male reproductive system.
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  1. BPH
    • Benign Prostate Hypertrophy
    • Benign growth of cells within the prostate gland.
  2. DRE
    • Digital Rectal Exam
    • Finger palpation through the anal canal and rectum to examine the prostate gland.
  3. ED
    Erectile Dysfunction
  4. GU
    Genital Urinary
  5. HPV
    • Human Papillomavirus
    • Infection of the skin and mucus membranes in the anogenital region.
    • STD.
  6. HSV
    • Herpes Simplex Virus
    • Infection of skin and genital mucosa
    • "Herpes Genitalis"
  7. NSU
    • Nonspecific Urethritis
    • Inflammation of the urethra not caused by gonorrhea.
    • Usually caused by infection.
  8. PID
    • Pelvis Inflammatory Disease
    • Infection of the uterus usually caused by STD's.
  9. PVP
    • Photo Selective Vaporization of Prostate
    • Removal of tissue to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) using a green light laser (laser TURP).
  10. RPR
    • Rapid Plasma Reagin
    • A test for Syphilis.
  11. STD
    • Sexually Transmitted Disease
    • Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Herpes Genitalis (HSV), HPV, Syphilis.
  12. STI
    Sexually Transmitted Infection
  13. TRUS
    • Transrectal Ultrasound
    • Test to asses the prostate and guide precise precise placement of a biopsy needle.
  14. TUMT
    Transurethral Microwave Thermotherapy
  15. TUNA
    • Transurethral Needle Ablation
    • Radiofrequency energy destroys prostate tissue.
  16. TURP
    • Transurethral Resection of Prostate
    • Excision of benign prostate hyperplasia using a resectoscope through the urethra.
  17. VDRL
    Veneral Disease Research Lab
  18. Cryptochidism
    Unascended testicles
  19. Testicular Torsion
    Twisting of the spermatic cord.
  20. Varicocele
    Enlarged, dilated veins near the testicles
  21. Prostate Cancer
    • Malignant tumor of the prostate gland.
    • DRE and PSA tests are needed.
  22. Hypospadias
    Congenital abnormality in which the male urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis, instead of at its tip.
  23. Phimosis
    Narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuse over the glans penis.
  24. Chlamydial Infection
    • STD
    • Bacterial infection of the urethra and reproductive tract.
  25. Gonorrhea
    • STD
    • Inflammation of the genital tract mucosa, caused by infection with gonococci (berry shaped bacteria).
  26. Syphilis
    • Chronis STD caused by spirochete (sprial shaped bacterium).
    • A chancre appears on the external of the genitalia a few weeks after the bacterial infection.
  27. PSA Test
    • Measurement of levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood.
    • Prostate gland.
  28. Vasectomy
    Bilateral surgical removal of a part of the vas deferens.