Chapter 2 theory

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Author:
herangelwings
ID:
244489
Filename:
Chapter 2 theory
Updated:
2013-11-02 11:11:15
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ICD 10
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chapter 2
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  1. is the normal dynamic process of balance needed to maintain a healthy body
    homeostasis
  2. the act of converting energy by continually building up substances by anabolism and breaking down substances by catabolism for use by the body
    metabolism
  3. building up
    anabolism
  4. breakdown
    catabolism
  5. four types of tissue
    • epithelial
    • connective
    • muscular
    • nervous
  6. supportive tissue
    stromal
  7. tissue that does the actual work
    parenchymal
  8. internal or external covering for organs
    epithelial tissue
  9. includes a variety of types, all of which have an internal structural network
    connective tissue
  10. tissue able to contract and relax
    muscular tissue
  11. cells that provide transformation of information to regulate a variety of functions
    nervous tissue
  12. tissue which is taken from one part of an individual's body and is transplanted to another location
    autologous
  13. tissue not from one self, but from another human.
    nonautologous

    syn is allogenic
  14. tissue which is derived from an animal
    zooplastic
  15. genetically identical individual (tissue)
    synteneic
  16. arrangements of various types of tissue that accomplish specific purposes
    organs/viscera
  17. the position in which the body stands erect with face forward, arms at the sides, palms forward, with toes pointed forward
    anatomic position
  18. two of the five cavities in the back of the body
    dorsal cavities
  19. three of five cavities in the front of the body
    ventral cavities
  20. contains the brain and is surrounded and protected by the cranium
    cranial cavity
  21. contains the spinal cord and is surrounded and protected by the bones of the spine, or vertebrae
    spinal cavity
  22. contains the heart, lungs, esophagus, and trachea and is protected by the ribs, the sternum, and the vertebrae
    thoracic cavity
  23. thoracic chest cavity is further divided into the two ___ cavaties that contain the lungs
    pleural
  24. the space between the lungs
    mediastinum
  25. cavity that holds the heart
    pericardial
  26. cavity composed of two cavities that are not separated by any physical structure
    abdominopelvic cavity
  27. contains the stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen and intestines
    abdominal cavity
  28. muscle that separates abdominal cavity from thoracic cavity
    diaphragm
  29. contains the bladder and reproductive  organs
    pelvic cavity
  30. serous membrane that lines the entire abdominal cavity
    peritoneum
  31. nine regions that lie over the abdominopelvic cavity
    abdominopelvic regions
  32. vertical planes that seperate the sides from each other
    sagittal
  33. plane that seperates into equal right and left halves
    midsagittal plane/median plane
  34. plane that divides the body into front and back portions
    frontal/coronal
  35. plane that divides the body horizontally into an upper part and lower part
    transverse/cross-sectional
  36. plane that divides the body at a slanted angle
    oblique

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