Victor 7th Grade European Explorers Quiz

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Costi
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244492
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Victor 7th Grade European Explorers Quiz
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2014-06-10 10:52:44
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middle ages crusades renaissance Johannes Gutenberg Prince Henry Bartholemeu Dias Vasco da Gama Christopher Columbus monarch feudalism manor serf magnetic compass astrolabe caravel colony latitude longitude vikings
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European explorers, crusades, middle ages, monarchs, serfs, renaissance, feudalism, colony Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, manor
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  1. What were the Middle Ages?
    The Middle Ages were the period in European histor from 500 - 1350.
  2. What were the Crusades?
    The Crusades occurred during 1100 - 1300.  During the Crusades Christians and Muslims fought a series of religious wars for control of the Holy Land.
  3. Desribe the period known as the Renaissance.
    During the Renaissance Europeans made discoveries in art, medicine, astronomy, and chemistry.
  4. What did Johannes Gutenberg invent?
    • Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press in the mid 1400's.
  5. Why is Prince Henry known as the navigator?
    Prince Henry is known as the navigator because he encouraged sea captains to sail south along the coast of West Africa.
  6. Where did Portugese explorer Bartholomeu Dias sail to?
    • Portugese explorer Bartholomeu Dias reached the southern tip of Africa in 1488.
  7. Where did Vasco da Gama sail?
    • Vasco da Gama sailed around Southern Africa and then to India in 1498.
  8. Where did Christopher Columbus sail?
    • Christopher Columbus sailed across the Atlantic and found the West Indies (1492).  He also founded the first Spanish colony in the Americas.
  9. What is a monarch?
    • A monarch is a King or a Queen.
  10. Define feudalism.
    Feudalism is a system of rul by lords who owe loyalty to a monarch.
  11. What is a serf?
    A serf is a peasant who worked for the lord and could not leave the manor without the lord's permission.
  12. What did a magnetic compass do for sailing?
    • A magnetic compass made it easier to sail across large bodies of water. (It's needle always pointed North.)
  13. What is a astrolabe?
    • An astrolabe made it possible for sailors to determine position of stars and figure out lattitude at sea.
  14. What is a caravel?
    • A caravel is a new type of ship with triangular sails and a steering rudder that allowed captains to sail against the wind.
  15. What is a colony?
    A colony is a group of people who settle in a distant land and are ruled by the government of thier native land.
  16. How did the Crusades change life in Europe?
    The Crusades allowed Europeans to travel beyond their small towns.  They ate exotic foods, tasted new spices, and bought silk.
  17. How did the Renaissance change Eurpoean life?
    • The Renaissance changed European life in that it increased trade and travel and made Europeans curious about the world.
    • Scholars translated ancient Greek and Roman works.
    • Discoveries were made in the areas of art, medicine, astronomy, and chemistry.
  18. Why did Western European rulers want to find new routes to Asia?
    Western European rulers wanted to find new routes to Asia because they wanted a share of the rich Asian spice trade.
  19. How did Columbus's voyages affect Europeans?
    Columbus's voyages affected Europeans in that Europeans new nothing about the Americas before Columbus brought them news of the new world.
  20. How did Columbus's voyages affect Native Americans?
    • Columbus's voyages affected Native Americans in many ways.
    • The Native Americans lost land.
    • Were forced to work in mines or on farms.
    • Many Native Americans died from European diseases.
  21. In what ways were the Crusades a success and a failure?
    • A succcess was that the Crusades allowed many Europeans to travel the world.
    • A failure was that Europeans failed to win control of the Holy Land.
  22. Did Columbus actually discover America?
    No, he did not.  He introduced the Europeans to it.
  23. Know the seven continents (North America, South America, Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, Antarctica) and the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic Oceans....
  24. The Vikings were the first white men to reach North America.  They lived in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden.  About the year 1000AD, the Vikings commanded by Leif Erikson sailed across the North Atlantic Ocean and landed along the New Foundland coast.  Their brief settlement was called Vinland.....


    Know the route of the Vikings from northern europe to North America...
  25. The Crusades were military expeditions sent by the Pope to capture the Holy Land from the people called Muslim Turks.  The empire of the turks inlcuded Palestine , the land where Christ was born.  The Turks terrorized Christians making pilgrimages to the Holy Land.  Several crusades between 1096 and 1272 failed to win the Holy Land, but they had important results for the peole of western Europe.  Europeans learned how to build better ships and draw better maps (Skills that would later contribute to the success of New World Explorers.)Crusaders who teturned to Europe talked about the products of the East.  Europeans wanted these products and soon trade routes were established.
  26. Europe's interest in the East was further aroused by a book called The Travels of Marco Polo.  Marco Polo, his father, and his uncle travel from Venice to China, then known as "Cathay".  They lived there for many years at the court of Kublai Khan, the ruler of Cathay.  After returning to Venice, Marco Polo wrote a fascinating story about this travels and the riches of the East.  His book increased Europe's desire to trade with the East.
  27. The Italian merchants began to dominate the trade that developed between Europe and the East.  Three trade routes were used to bring products of the East back to Europe.  The northern route, the central route and the southern route all led to the Italian cities of Venice and Genoa.  Merchants from these two cities gained a monopoly over trade with the East.  Ships and camel caravans carried goods from the East to Venic and Genoa.  The Italian merchants would then mark up the prices of the goods and sell them throughout Europe.  The cities of Venice and Genoa grew rich from their monopoly over trade with the East.
  28. List some of the goods that were carried by land and sea to Venice and Genoa.
    • Some of the goods that were carried by land and sea to Venice and Genoa were...
    • pepper
    • cinnamon
    • cloves
    • nutmeg
    • ginger
    • healing drugs
    • dyes
    • silk
    • rugs
    • cloth
    • perfume
    • precious stones
  29. Although Italian merchants controlled the trade routes to Asia, Other countries including England, France, Spain, and Portugal also wanted to increase their wealth by trading with Asia.  They had to find another route to Asia. Portugal led the way.  Inthe early 1400's Prince Henry The Navigator encouraged sea captains to sail south along the coast of West Africa.  He founded a school to help sailors in the expeditions.  Portugese sailors gradually established a new route from Western Europr to Asia. In 1488, Bartholemeu Dias reached the southern tip of Afric (The Cape of Good Hope).  In 1498, Vasco da Gama sailed around southern Africa and continued to India.
    •  
    • 1. Vasco da Gama's Route
    • 2. Bartholemeu Dias' Route
    •  
    • 3. Prince Henry's Route
  30. The Crusades took place in Holy Land.  How did they help spark the Age of Exploration?
    The Crusades brought Europeans away from their small towns and had them travelling to to places with exotic foods and spices.
  31. Marco Polo travelled to China and returned to Venice with amazing stories about his travels to the East.  How did his travels spark the Age of Exploration?
    Marco Polo wrote a facinating story about his travels and the riches of the East.  His book increased Europe's desire to trade with the East.
  32. Italian merchants dominated the trade that developed between Europe and the East.  They had three trade routes (northern, central, and southern) that all led to the Italian cities of Venice and Genoa.  How did Italian merchants help to spark the Age of Exploration?
    Italian merchants brought back many things including spices (pepper, cinnamon, clove, nutmeg, ginger, silk, and perfume).  Their trading sparked an interest in other countries to increase their wealth by trading with Asia.
  33. The Vikings were the first white men to reach North America.  In the yar 1000 AD they had Leif Erikson sail across  the North Atlantic Ocean and on to the New Foundland coast.  They established a settlement their called Vinland.  How did they spark the Age of Exploration?
    Little attention was given to the Vikings voyage to New Foundland but they reached North America before Christopher Columbus.
  34. What were some of the motives for exploration?
    • Some of the motives for exploration included...
    • wealth and riches
    • fame
    • curiosity
    • foreign goods
    • national pride
    • spreading religion
    • new all-water routes to the East
  35. Italy's merchants from Venice and Genoa controlled trade with Asia (Middle East).  What other countries  wanted a faster, cheaper, safer, all-water route?
    Portugal, Spain, England, and France all wanted a faster, cheaper, safer, all-water route for trading.
  36. Which direction do Longitude lines run?
    • Longitude lines run North and South. (Think of a pair of long pants... they go up and down too.
    • The Prime Meridian is found at Zero degrees longitude.
    • Longitude lines measure the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian.
  37. What direction do Latitude lines run?
    • Latitude lines run East and West. The Equator is a line of latitude. The Equator is Zero degrees latitude.
    • Latitude lines measures the distance north or south of the equator.
    • Latitude lines are called parallels because they run parallel to the equator.
  38. How many continents made up Ptolemy's "known world"?
    Three (3) continents made up Ptolomy's "known world."
  39. What two continents did Ptolemy NOT include on his map?
    Ptolemy did not include the Artic and the Pacific Oceans.
  40. Which island did Ptolemy consider to be the most northerly of his world?
    Ptolemy thought that Britain was the most northerly of his world.
  41. True or false... Ptolemy made a mistake when he mapped the Indian Ocean as a landlocked sea.
    True.  Ptolemy made a mistake when he mapped the Indian Ocean as a landlocked sea.
  42. Describe Amerigo Vespucci's route.
    • His routes took him from Spain to the top Norhter part of South America and then to the Carribean.  He also travelled from Spain and all the way down the eastern part of South America.
  43. Describe Ferdinand Magellan's route around the world.
  44. Describe Cortez's route.
  45. Describe Pizarro's route.
  46. Describe Cabot's route.
  47. Describe Balboa's Route.
  48. Search for new trade routes

    As trade brought prosperity, monarchs fought to increase power.
    As trade brought prosperity, monarchs fought to increase power.
  49. Search for new trade routes

    Arab and Italian merchants controlled trade routes across the Mediterranean Sea.
    Arab and Italian merchants controlled trade routes across the Mediterranean Sea.
  50. Search for new trade routes
    Portugal led the way.

    Early 1400's, Prince Henry the Navigator encouraged captains to sail along the Coast of West Africa.
    Early 1400's, Prince Henry the Navigator encouraged captains to sail along the Coast of West Africa.
  51. Search for new trade routes
    Portugal led the way.

    Prince Henry the Navigator founded a school to help sailors in their explorations.
    Prince Henry the Navigator founded a school to help sailors in their explorations.
  52. Search for new trade routes
    Portugal led the way.

    Under Prince Henry the Navigator's guidance the Portugese designed a new ship called the Caravel.
    Under Prince Henry the Navigator's guidance the Portugese designed a new ship called the Caravel.
  53. Search for new trade routes.
    A new route to Asia.

    In 1488, Bartholomeu Dias reached the southern tip of Africa (Known as the Cape of Good Hope).
    In 1488, Bartholomeu Dias reached the southern tip of Africa (Known as the Cape of Good Hope).
  54. Search for new trade routes.
    A new route to Asia.

    Vasco da Gama (1498) sailed around Africa and reached India.
    Vasco da Gama (1498) sailed around Africa and reached India.
  55. Spain builds an empire.

    After Columbus reached the West Indies, the Spanish explored and settled other islands.

    Many explorers were still searching for a western route to Asia.
    After Columbus reached the West Indies, the Spanish explored and settled other islands.

    Many explorers were still searching for a western route to Asia.
  56. Many explorers were still searching for a western route to Asia.

    In 1513, Vasco Nunez de Balboa crossed the isthmus of Panama.
    In 1513, Vasco Nunez de Balboa crossed the isthmus of Panama.  He was the first European .
  57. Many explorers were still searching for a western route to Asia.

    From 1519 - 1522 Ferdinand Magelland led the first expedition to circumnavigate the world.
    From 1519 - 1522 Ferdinand Magelland led the first expedition to circumnavigate the world.

    • Magellan was killed in the Phillippines.
    • He proved you could sail west to reach the east.
    • His voyage made Europeans aware of the true size of the world.
  58. Spanish Conquistadors (Gold, Glory, God) 3G's

    In 1519, Hernando Cortez conquers the Aztecs.
    In 1519, Hernando Cortez conquers the Aztecs.

    Aztec E
    mperor Montezuma thought Europeans were messengers of God and welcomed them as guests.

    Cortez marched into Tenochtitlan and held Montezuma hostage for 6 months.
  59. Spanish Conquistadors (Gold, Glory, God) 3G's

    Francisco Pizzaro heard about the Inca empire while marching with Balboa.

    Francisco Pizzaro sailed down the Pacific coast of South Africa. 

    He captured and executed Sapa Inca.

    Pizzaro attacked the capital Cuzco.

    He controlled the Incan Empire by 1535.

    Civil War attributed to Incan defeat.
    Francisco Pizzaro sailed down the Pacific coast of South Africa. 

    He captured and executed Sapa Inca.

    Pizzaro attacked the capital Cuzco.

    He controlled the Incan Empire by 1535.

    Civil War attributed to Incan defeat.
  60. Reasons for Spanish Victories..

    The Spanish had superior fighting equipment.  They were protected by armor and had cannons.

    Native Americans had never seen horses.

    Aztecs were slow to fight because they thought the Spanish were Gods.

    Incas were weak from Civil War.

    Natives fell victim to European diseases. They had no immunities.
    The Spanish had superior fighting equipment.  They were protected by armor and had cannons.

    Native Americans had never seen horses.

    Aztecs were slow to fight because they thought the Spanish were Gods.

    Incas were weak from Civil War.

    Natives fell victim to European diseases. They had no immunities.
  61. Seeking Riches in the North.

    In 1513, Juan Ponce de Leon discovered Florida looking for the legendary Fountain of Youth.

    Hernando DeSoto
    was looking for the 7 Cities of Gold when he reached the Mississippi  River when he died.

    Also looking for the 7 Cities of Gold , Francisco Coronado (1540) traveled through present day New Mexico, Texas, Kansas, Arizona.
    In 1513, Juan Ponce de Leon discovered Florida looking for the legendary Fountain of Youth.

    Hernando DeSoto was looking for the 7 Cities of Gold when he reached the Mississippi  River when he died.

    Also looking for the 7 Cities of Gold , Francisco Coronado (1540) traveled through present day New Mexico, Texas, Kansas, Arizona.
  62. Early Voyages

    In 1497, John Cabot sailed for England and reported that he reached New Foundland where fish were plentiful.
    In 1497, John Cabot sailed for England and reported that he reached New Foundland where fish were plentiful.
  63. Early Voyages

    Throughout the 1500's Europeans continued to look for ways to reach Asia.  They felt that the Southern or existing route was too long.
    Throughout the 1500's Europeans continued to look for ways to reach Asia.  They felt that the Southern or existing route was too long.

    Europeans wanted to discover a Northwest Passage or waterway through or above North America.
  64. Early Voyages.

    In 1524, the French went Giovanni De Verrazano in search of a northwest passage. 

    He journeyed along the North American coast from North Carolina to New Foundland.
    In 1524, the French went Giovanni De Verrazano in search of a northwest passage.

    He journeyed along the North American coast from North Carolina to New Foundland.
  65. Early Voyage.

    In 1524, the French went Giovanni De Verrazano in search of a northwest passage.  He journeyed along the North American coast from North Carolina to New Foundland.
    In 1524, the French went Giovanni De Verrazano in search of a northwest passage.  He journeyed along the North American coast from North Carolina to New Foundland.
  66. Early Voyages.

    Jacques Cartier also sailing for the French explored the St. Lawrence River.
    Jacques Cartier also sailing for the French explored the St. Lawrence River.
  67. Early Voyages.

    In 1609, Henry Hudson sailed for the Dutch (Holland/The Netherlands).

    He entered what is today New York harbor and continued up a river now called the Hudson River.

    The following year, 1610, Henry Hudson sailed for England looking for a northwest passage.

    After a long winter in a norther bay (soon to be called the Hudson Bay), his crew mutinied and sent Hudson and some loyal crew members adrift never to be seen again.
    In 1609, Henry Hudson sailed for the Dutch (Holland/The Netherlands).

    He entered what is today New York Harbor and continued up a river now called the Hudson River.

    The following year, 1610, Henry Hudson sailed for England looking for a northwest passage.

    After a long winter in a norther bay (soon to be called the Hudson Bay), his crew mutinied and sent Hudson and some loyal crew members adrift never to be seen again.
  68. French Colonies Lead to Further Exploration.

    The first permanent French settlements became known as colonies were founded by Samuel de Champlain.

    Champlain built a settlement known as Quebec.
    The first permanent French settlements became known as colonies were founded by Samuel de Champlain.Champlain built a settlement known as Quebec.
  69. French Colonies Lead to Further Exploration.

    In 1673, a French missionary Father Jacques Marquette and fur trader Louis Joliet set out with Indian guides to reach the Mississippi River.

    They followed the river for hundreds of miles before turning back.
    In 1673, a French missionary Father Jacques Marquette and fur trader Louis Joliet set out with Indian guides to reach the Mississippi River.  They followed the river for hundreds of miles before turning back.
  70. French Colonies Lead to Further Exploration.

    In 1682, Robert de Cavelier, completed the journey down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico.

    He named the region Louisiana in honor of the French King, Louis XIV.

    In order to keep Spain and England out of Louisiana, the French built Forts at the mouth of the Mississippi.  One was named Prud'homme.
    In 1682, Robert de Cavelier, completed the journey down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico.

    He named the region Louisiana in honor of the French King, Louis XIV.In order to keep Spain and England out of Louisiana, the French built Forts at the mouth of the Mississippi.  One was named Prud'home.

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