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2013-11-02 17:39:55
Psych test

chapter 17: testing in health psychology and health care
Show Answers:

  1. When is a Neuropsychological assessment especially important after?
    after a closed-head injury because on the MRI it does not show "holes" on the brain
  2. What 3 things does Neuropsychology and Neurology focus on?


    -motor movements
  3. What do Neuropsychology and psychiatry both focus on? (2)

    -psychosocial adaptation
  4. What three fields doe Neuropsychology overlap with?


    -psychometric testing
  5. What do Neuropsychology and Psychometrics both use?
    psychological test
  6. What does Neuropsychology relate?
    brain damage and dysfunction to observable and measurable behavioral problems
  7. Can Neuropsychology detect diseases?
    it can detect diseases and other clinical problems in their earliest stage
  8. Where do the roots lie for Neuropsychology? and what did they do?
    in the work of Broca and Wernicke who found areas of brain localization for speech functions based on brain-injured patients
  9. What was the big explosion in work trying brain events to behavior tied to?
    the development of psychotropic medications
  10. Do neuropsychologists work in broad regions?
    no, they specialized
  11. Which test is particularly good at assessing alcoholic dementia?
    weschlers memory scale
  12. What 2 other things is WMS good at exploring?
    -retrograde amnesia in Huntington's patients

    -severe problems of alzheimer's patients in forming new memories
  13. What is the California verbal learning test good for?
    studying how someone learns verbal material
  14. What does new research suggest about complex cognitive, perceptual, and motor functioning?
    it is not likely to be associated with specific areas of the brain but rather with extensive neural systems
  15. Do we know how language localizes itself in the brain?
    no it is less clear
  16. Can left-handed persons also have left hemisphere language location?
    • yes
    • *2/3s have this
  17. Can someone have language on both sides of the brain?
  18. What area of the brain is damaged when a person has Wernicke's apashia?
    the receptive language centers in the brain
  19. What 3 things can result when a patient has Wernicke's aphasia?
    -impaired verbal comprehension

    -difficulty repeating what is said to them

    -difficulty monitoring their own speech
  20. What type of problem do right handed people have with right hemisphere issues?
    • spatial problems
    • *such as drawing or copying
  21. Is information storage and retrieval different?
    yes, but have related functions
  22. What would be an example of a retrieval problem? (2)
    -issue can be recognition


  23. If a person has difficulty in recognition, what problems in the brain may attirubute to this? (2)
    -medial temporal lobes

    -diencephalic system (mid brain)
  24. What can occur to somebody if they have a stroke involving the basilar artery?
  25. What is prosopagnosia?
    inability to recognize familiar faces
  26. what problems may be happening if someone has difficulty with retrieval?
    frontal lobes
  27. what is a common after-effect when an infant or early childhood child sustains a head injury?
    • math dysfunction
    • *if their right hemisphere gets messeed up then they will suffer with geometry
  28. what was ADHD called back in the day?
    Minimal brain dysfunction syndrome
  29. what two characteristics important to measure in children?
    attention and executive function
  30. What is executive function?
    volition, forming and executing a goal, planning, taking action to complete a task, self-control and self-monitoring
  31. what does one theory say about dyslexia?
    individual basically has both brain hemispheres specialized for right hemisphere functions
  32. symptoms of dyslexia
    serious difficulty learning:

    -reading, grammar, and punctuation skills
  33. What is concussion resolution index used for?
    to assess concussion effects in athletes so they wont return early from a concussion injury