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chapter 17: testing in health psychology and health care
When is a Neuropsychological assessment especially important after?
after a closed-head injury because on the MRI it does not show "holes" on the brain
What 3 things does Neuropsychology and Neurology focus on?
What do Neuropsychology and psychiatry both focus on? (2)
What three fields doe Neuropsychology overlap with?
What do Neuropsychology and Psychometrics both use?
What does Neuropsychology relate?
brain damage and dysfunction to observable and measurable behavioral problems
Can Neuropsychology detect diseases?
it can detect diseases and other clinical problems in their earliest stage
Where do the roots lie for Neuropsychology? and what did they do?
in the work of Broca and Wernicke who found areas of brain localization for speech functions based on brain-injured patients
What was the big explosion in work trying brain events to behavior tied to?
the development of psychotropic medications
Do neuropsychologists work in broad regions?
no, they specialized
Which test is particularly good at assessing alcoholic dementia?
weschlers memory scale
What 2 other things is WMS good at exploring?
-retrograde amnesia in Huntington's patients
-severe problems of alzheimer's patients in forming new memories
What is the California verbal learning test good for?
studying how someone learns verbal material
What does new research suggest about complex cognitive, perceptual, and motor functioning?
it is not likely to be associated with specific areas of the brain but rather with extensive neural systems
Do we know how language localizes itself in the brain?
no it is less clear
Can left-handed persons also have left hemisphere language location?
*2/3s have this
Can someone have language on both sides of the brain?
What area of the brain is damaged when a person has Wernicke's apashia?
the receptive language centers in the brain
What 3 things can result when a patient has Wernicke's aphasia?
-impaired verbal comprehension
-difficulty repeating what is said to them
-difficulty monitoring their own speech
What type of problem do right handed people have with right hemisphere issues?
*such as drawing or copying
Is information storage and retrieval different?
yes, but have related functions
What would be an example of a retrieval problem? (2)
-issue can be recognition
If a person has difficulty in recognition, what problems in the brain may attirubute to this? (2)
-medial temporal lobes
-diencephalic system (mid brain)
What can occur to somebody if they have a stroke involving the basilar artery?
What is prosopagnosia?
inability to recognize familiar faces
what problems may be happening if someone has difficulty with retrieval?
what is a common after-effect when an infant or early childhood child sustains a head injury?
*if their right hemisphere gets messeed up then they will suffer with geometry
what was ADHD called back in the day?
Minimal brain dysfunction syndrome
what two characteristics important to measure in children?
attention and executive function
What is executive function?
volition, forming and executing a goal, planning, taking action to complete a task, self-control and self-monitoring
what does one theory say about dyslexia?
individual basically has both brain hemispheres specialized for right hemisphere functions
symptoms of dyslexia
serious difficulty learning:
-reading, grammar, and punctuation skills
What is concussion resolution index used for?
to assess concussion effects in athletes so they wont return early from a concussion injury