social psych ch 13

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social psych ch 13
2013-11-02 18:49:47
social psychology

test 2
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  1. attitudes are made up of 3 components
    • -affective or emotional component¬† (type of emotion)
    • -cognitive component (beliefs or thoughts)
    • -intensity of the emotion
  2. a hostile or negative attitude toward people in a distinguishable group, based solely on their membership in that group
  3. being primed to behave coolly or with hostility toward someone
  4. individual traits or behaviors of the individual target of prejudice will either go _____ or be _____
    unnoticed; dismissed
  5. prejudice is a two way street; it often flows from the _____ to the _____ as well
    minority to the majority
  6. stereotypes can be ____ as well as negative. If you like a group, your stereotype will be _____, but if you dislike the group, your stereotype  of the same behavior will be ______
    positive; positive; negative
  7. because the world is too complicated for us to have a highly differentiated attitude about everything, we maximize our cognitive time and energy by developing _____ detailed concepts about some people, and simple _____ about other
    highly; beliefs
  8. information _____ with our notions about a group will be given ____ attention, will be ____ more often, and therefore will be ____ better
    consistent; more; remembered
  9. generalization about a group of people, in which certain traits are assigned to virtually all members of the group
  10. tendency to see relationships or correlations between events that are actually unrelated
    illusory correlation
  11. illusory correlations are most likely to occur when the events or people are ____ or conspicuous, and ____ of the social scene we are accustomed to
    distinctive; typical
  12. being more likely of situations where a muslim acts violently is an example of an
    illusory correlation
  13. hold negative stereotypes of women: women are inferior to men because they are inherently less intelligent, less competent, less brave, less capable of math and science, and so on.
    hostile sexism
  14. hold positive stereotypes of women: women are kinder than men, more empathetic, more nurturing, etc
    benevolent sexism
  15. logical arguments are not effective in countering ______
  16. some social psychologists are welcoming evidence that explicit, conscious prejudices have ____, they have turned to more sophisticated ____ measures, or unconscious negative feelings
    declined; implicit.
  17. a persons reluctance to get "too close" to another group
    social distance
  18. one of the most obvious sources of conflict and prejudice is _____
  19. the idea that limited resources lead to conflict between groups and result in increased prejudice and discrimination
    realistic conflict theory
  20. in the case of immigrants, the chief element in the permission to be aggressive is a ____ for jobs and _____
    rivalry; status
  21. changes in the target of a majority group's anger sugget that when times are touch and ____ are scarce, individuals will be more threatened by the out-group and instances of ____, and _____ toward outgroup will increase
    resources; prejudice and violence
  22. displacing aggression onto groups that are disliked and relatively powerless
  23. ends to legal discrimination seem to always end in ___, conflict, and hatred
  24. being presented with discomforting evidence challenges some people to come up with additional reasons for ___ their prejudice, this can backfire and actually ______ stereotypes
    holding; strengthen
  25. according to the contact hypothesis, ____ the contact between white children and black children, would increase the _____-_____ of minority children
    increasing; self-esteem
  26. not all kinds of contact will ____ prejudice and raise self-esteem; sometimes contact can make ______ relations more hostile and even _____ prejudice
    reduce; intergroup; increase
  27. Gordon Allport observe that ____ can reduce prejudice only when three conditions are met
    • reduce;
    • 1-both groups are of equal status
    • 2-both share a common goal that generate common humanity
    • 3-contact is supported by law or social custom
  28. children in _____ group/classrooms showed a decrease in prejudice and stereotyping, and an increase in their liking for their groupmates
    jigsaw groups
  29. children in jigsaw classrooms perform ____ on objective exams and showed more self esteem than kids in _____ classrooms
    better, traditional
  30. in jigsaw groups, the process of working _____ encourages the development of _____
    cooperativel; empathy
  31. increasing empathy increases the odds our ____ will open to that person
    heart. once open, it becomes almost impossible to feel prejudice against a person