Card Set Information
Three basic types of cells that make up plant tissues.
What is the most common plant cell type
WHat does a parenchyma cell store?
oil, starches,and water
Which cell type helps heal wounds?
WHich cell type has thin, flexible walls?
Which cell type provides support to a growing plant?
Which cell type is strong and flexible?
Which cell type makes up celery strings?
Which cell type has unevenly thick cell walls?
What is the strongest cell type?
In a sclerenchyma cell the second cell wall is hardened by ______
Which cell type dies when it reaches maturity?
which cell type is used by humans to make linen and rope?
What three tissue systems make up plant organs?
dermal, ground, and vascular
What tissue covers the outside layer of a plant?
What tissue forms the bark of a tree?
What tissue protects the plant?
What tissue secretes cuticle of leaves?
What tissue is found inside a plant?
What tissue provides support for the plant?
What tissue stores materials in roots and stems?
What tissue is most commonly made of parenchyma?
What tissue transports water, minerals, and organic compounds?
What tissue is two networks of hollow tubes?
What does xylem transport?
water and minerals
What does phloem transport?
What tissue contains xylem and phloem?
____ ____ are short and wide
____ ___ long and narrow
___ cells die at maturity
Plants passively transport water through the xylem
Cohesion is the tendency of water molecule to bond with other water molecules
Adhesion is the tendency of water molecules to bond with other substances
The cohesion-tension theory
Water travels from ____ to the ___ of trees.
Explain how water moves in plants,.
absorption in roots
cohesion and adhesion in xylem
transpiration in leaves
The loss of water vapor through leaves
Water vapor exists leaf ___
___ ___ ____ have holes at the ends.
Sieve tube elements
Is xylem alive? phloem?
Well supported theory that describes how sugars move through a plant within phloem.
Well supported theory that describes how water and dissolved minerals move through a plant within xylem
Anchor plants and absorb mineral nutrients from soil
What supports the plant and absorbs, transports, and stores nutrients.
What helps roots with absorption?
Protects the growing part of the roots and covers the tip
the area of growth in a root
contains vascular tissues (xylem and phloem) in a root
Two major types of roots
fibrous and taproot
Root system that consists of many equally sized roots
Root system that consists of one main root
Supports plants, transports minerals, and provides storage
The increase in a plants length. width?
primary growth; secondary growth
A mineral needed in large amounts. small amounts?
what represents one year on a tree?
light and dark bands (rings)
unspecialized tissue of dividing cells
Usually broad and flat, collects sunlight for photosynthesis, connect to the stem by a petiole
between a leafs dermal tissue layer
surrounds each stomata
When does stomata open or close?
when a guard cell changes its shape