psychology 9 chapter 6

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jdeg238
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244783
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psychology 9 chapter 6
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2013-11-03 21:10:48
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rcc riverside psych
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chapter 6 psychology questions
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  1. What is Erikson's stage of psychosocial development in early childhood?
    A)industry versus inferiority
    B)identity versus identity confusion
    C)intimacy versus isolation
    D)initiative versus guilt
    D)initiative versus guilt
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. What type of self-descriptions do children typically provide in early childhood?
    A)body attributes
    B)material possessions
    C)physical activities
    D)all of these
    D)all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. In order to feel __________ emotions, children must be able to refer to themselves and be aware of themselves as distinct from others.
    A)symbolic
    B)autonomous
    C)reflective
    D)self-conscious
    D)self-conscious
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. __________ is Piaget's first stage of moral development in which rules are conceived of as unchangeable properties of the world.
    A)Empathy
    B)Imminent justice
    C)Heteronomous morality
    D)Autonomous morality
    C)Heteronomous morality
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. __________ is a set of expectations that prescribe how females or males should think, act, and feel.
    A)Gender identity
    B)Gender
    C)Gender role
    D)Sex
    C)Gender role
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which statement best describes the explanation given by the gender schema theory for gender development?
    A)Children's gender typing occurs after they have developed a concept of gender, at which point they organize their worlds on the basis of gender.
    B)Identification with the same-sex parent, as well as incorporation of gender behavior similar to that expressed by the parent, results after resolution of the Oedipal conflict.
    C)An individual's attention and behavior are guided by an internal motivation to conform to cultural schemas that set out gender-based standards and stereotypes.
    D)Children learn expected gender behaviors through rewards and punishments, as well as through observation and imitation of models.
    C)An individual's attention and behavior are guided by an internal motivation to conform to cultural schemas that set out gender-based standards and stereotypes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. __________ parenting involves a restrictive, punitive style in which parents expect children to obey their rules without many questions.
    A)Authoritative
    B)Indulgent
    C)Neglectful
    D)Authoritarian
    B)Indulgent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Diana Baumrind's research suggests that parenting which is __________ and __________ leads to the best outcomes for children.
    A)rejecting; undemanding
    B)rejecting; demanding
    C)accepting; demanding
    D)accepting; undemanding
    C)accepting; demanding
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Regarding child maltreatment, which of the following statements is TRUE?
    A)Child abuse does not place the child at risk for a number of different developmental problems.
    B)About one-third of parents who were abused themselves when young abuse their own children.
    C)Parents who abuse their children rarely come from families where physical punishment was used.
    D)The majority of maltreated children suffer life-threatening and/or disabling injuries.
    B)About one-third of parents who were abused themselves when young abuse their own children.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following statements concerning siblings is INCORRECT?
    A)During the preschool years, siblings in the presence of each other have a conflict approximately every 10 minutes.
    B)To promote optimal sibling relationships, parents should avoid intervening and let siblings resolve conflicts on their own.
    C)Many children have mixed feelings toward their siblings.
    D)The intimacy between siblings can provide support or can be used to tease and undermine each other.
    B)To promote optimal sibling relationships, parents should avoid intervening and let siblings resolve conflicts on their own.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Regarding the changing family, which of these statements is TRUE?
    A)Disengagement from the family is higher among girls than boys in divorced families.
    B)There is consensus among psychologists that children from divorced families show adjustment problems to a greater extent than do children from nondivorced families.
    C)A common experience of working parents is not feeling guilty about being away from their children.
    D)Research suggests that there are long-term negative effects on children when their mothers work outside the home.
    B)There is consensus among psychologists that children from divorced families show adjustment problems to a greater extent than do children from nondivorced families.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Regarding cultural, ethnic, and socioeconomic variation in families, which of the following statements is TRUE?
    A)African American and Latino children are more likely than White American children are to live in small families.
    B)The most common parenting style around the world is authoritarian.
    C)High-income families use discipline that emphasizes externalization, whereas low-income families emphasize internalization.
    D)African American and Latino children are more likely than White American children are to live in extended families.
    D)African American and Latino children are more likely than White American children are to live in extended families.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Peers are important in normal social development because __________.
    A)they serve as powerful socialization agents
    B)they provide a source of information and comparison about the world outside the family
    C)those children who are accepted by their peers are likely to suffer fewer developmental problems
    D)all of these
    D)all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Regarding play, which of the following statements is TRUE?
    A)Play is defined as a pleasurable activity that is engaged in for its own sake.
    B)Vygotsky deemphasized the role of play in cognitive development, whereas Piaget emphasized it.
    C)Play is not essential to a young child's health.
    D)Play therapy is not successful in analyzing or helping with coping a child's conflicts.
    A)Play is defined as a pleasurable activity that is engaged in for its own sake.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. How does play advance a child's cognitive development?
    A)all of these
    B)Play provides a systematic means of imitation and correction for adult activities.
    C)Play encourages ongoing peer negotiation and socialization through interdependent activities.
    D)Play allows children to practice their competencies and acquired skills in a relaxed, pleasurable way.
    D)Play allows children to practice their competencies and acquired skills in a relaxed, pleasurable way.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. In what type of play does a child increasingly transform their physical environment into a symbol?
    A)cooperative
    B)onlooker
    C)pretense/symbolic
    D)practice
    C)pretense/symbolic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. __________ play involves the repetition of behavior when new skills are being learned.
    A)Symbolic
    B)Constructive
    C)Sensorimotor
    D)Practice
    D)Practice
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The highest incidence of game playing occurs __________.
    A)between ages 12 and 15
    B)at no particular age; there are no age differences in the playing of games
    C)between ages 10 and 12
    D)in the preschool years
    C)between ages 10 and 12
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Regarding children and television, which of the following statement is TRUE?
    A)Prosocial behaviors on television are associated with increased negative behavior in children.
    B)Television viewing is positively related to children's creativity skills.
    C)Television violence can induce aggression in children.
    D)Children watch only moderate amounts of television.
    C)Television violence can induce aggression in children.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. In which of the following developed countries do young children watch the most television?A)United States.
    B)Switzerland.
    C)Spain.
    D)Canada.
    A)United States.

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