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His composer’s most
famous operas today are The Barber of Seville and William Tell.
This composer is known as the “poet of the piano” and considered a national hero in Poland.
What is meant by the Italian term “Risorgimento
Movement for Italy, support for a united italy
During his lifetime he
was the most
popular opera composer in Europe and even today his operas are performed more
than those by any other composer.
This genre is a short,
one-movement composition designed to improve one or more aspects of a performer’s
The Italian term for “beautiful singing” is
This term, literally meaning "total art work," describes the unification
of all the arts (poetry, music, acting, set design, etc.) for a single purpose
Based on the success of an
early opera, Rienzi, he was offered the post of director for Dresden's opera
theater; he eventually fled that city due to accumulated debt and his radical
What is the typical subject
matter of a realistic opera?
- treats the issues of everyday life in a realistic
The German genre that is a
musical comedy or light musical drama is:
He achieved his first
triumph at the age of thirty-five with Manon Lescaut; further successes followed in rapid succession, but after he
became famous and wealthy, he grew a bit complacent, composing less frequently
and his last opera was left unfinished at his death from throat cancer.
Who are the lovers in La bohème?
Rodolfo and Mimi
What is the term for the Italian form of realistic opera?
Musical nationalism was expressed through:
national anthems, protest songs, native dances, and victory symphonies
Identify the genre of
program music that consists of a single movement that gives expression to the
emotions and events associated with a story, play, political event, or personal
At her marriage she surpassed her husband in international fame, but put aside her career to be a wife and mother. After her husband’s death and needing money to pay
the bills, she resumed her career as a touring piano virtuoso, playing in mourning black until she ceased her career in the 1890s.
Clara Wieck Schumann
Known for an iconoclastic musical
style, his compositions call for an enormous number of musicians. He experimented with new instruments and wrote a
treatise on musical instruments that is still used as a textbook in music
conservatories around the world.
Which genre typically precedes an opera or a
play and consists of a single movement that encapsulates the essence of the
The idée fixe is associated with what object or idea?
- the protagonist’s beloved (Berlioz’s Symphonie
The most “classical” of the great Romantic
composers, he used traditional forms such as sonata-allegro, a colorful but
conservative harmony, and a distinctive orchestration featuring a light,
dancing string sound. The influence of romanticism in
his works is observed in literary influences and the use of program music, with
nature and travel providing the impetus for many of his most famous orchestral
Which pedal shifts the position of the hammers on a piano, thereby
reducing the dynamic level?
The soft pedal
Which genre of piano music suggests moonlit nights, romantic longing,
and a certain painful melancholy?
This piano virtuoso traveled throughout Europe between 1839-1847,
playing more than one thousand concerts and establishing the format of the
modern-day piano recital. Audiences responded to his
concerts with near hysteria: women tore at his clothing and fought for a lock
of his hair.
This composer was a
member of “The Mighty Handful,” or Russian Five, a group of young composers who
rejected the influence of Western music and composed in a distinctly Russian
style; he was the most original and least Western in musical style of this
Which composer brought
the orchestral Lied to maturity?
Terrified at the
prospect of his works competing with those of Beethoven, it was many years
before this composer wrote the first of his four symphonies. Although his formal education never went past primary
school, he was awarded honorary degrees from Cambridge University (1876) and
Breslau University (1879).
He was offered a substantial sum of money to become the Director of a new conservatory in New
York City; while in the United States he composed his “American” Quartet and a
ninth symphony, entitled “From the New World.”
This musician, the
most prolific composer of late-nineteenth-century program music, wrote in every
genre of nineteenth-century music, but excelled in music requiring a large
orchestra (the program symphony, symphonic poem, and ballet). The musical strengths of his compositions lie in
their sweeping melodies, colorful instrumentation, dramatic contrasts, and
grand gestures. Some of his most famous compositions are Romeo
and Juliet, Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty, and the Nutcracker.
Which composer had the greatest success in writing Lieder?
Which instrument was not added to the orchestra during the Romantic period?
What was the average size of the orchestra
during the Romantic period?
instrument led to all sorts of fanciful and
Which term describes when a performer
momentarily alters the tempo to enhance the expressive quality of the music?
Why did orchestras begin requiring a conductor during the early years of the nineteenth century?
The larger ensemble required someone to coordinate the effort
What is an art song?
An accompanied song or ayre with artistic aspirations
What change occurred in the audience’s
perception of music and composers during the Romantic period?
- Music took a shift from entertainment to art, it gained more
Identify the group of
composers who are not considered representative of the nineteenth century.
Telemann, Monteverdi, Corelli, Lully
A tightly structured group of individual songs that tell a story or
treat a single theme is known as a
A song cycle
Which instrument was especially favored during the period because of its dark, rich tone and associations with the hunt—and by
What is the genre of
art song, for voice and piano accompaniment, that originated in Germany around
Schubert intended the accompaniments for his
Lieder to be evocative of the text. What is this
accompaniment passage meant to suggest?
Which song did Robert Schumann compose for his wife, Clara, and have published on their wedding day?
“Dedication” (it was a Myrtle)
The musical form of Schubert’s Erlking is:
Which genre of
composition consists of three, four, or five movements that together tell or
depict a succession of specific events drawn from some extra-musical work or