Exam 4

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Exam 4
2013-11-04 02:04:25

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  1. His composer’s most
    famous operas today are The Barber of Seville and William Tell.
    Gioacchino Rossini
  2. This composer is known as the “poet of the piano” and considered a national hero in Poland.
  3. What is meant by the Italian term “Risorgimento
    Movement for Italy, support for a united italy
  4. During his lifetime he
    was the most
    popular opera composer in Europe and even today his operas are performed more
    than those by any other composer.
    Giuseppe Verdi
  5. This genre is a short,
    one-movement composition designed to improve one or more aspects of a performer’s
  6. The Italian term for “beautiful singing” is
    Bel canto
  7. This term, literally meaning "total art work," describes the unification
    of all the arts (poetry, music, acting, set design, etc.) for a single purpose
  8. Based on the success of an
    early opera, Rienzi, he was offered the post of director for Dresden's opera
    theater; he eventually fled that city due to accumulated debt and his radical
    political activities.
  9. What is the typical subject
    matter of a realistic opera?
    • treats the issues of everyday life in a realistic
    • way
  10. The German genre that is a
    musical comedy or light musical drama is:
  11. 1.     
    He achieved his first
    triumph at the age of thirty-five with Manon Lescaut; further successes followed in rapid succession, but after he
    became famous and wealthy, he grew a bit complacent, composing less frequently
    and his last opera was left unfinished at his death from throat cancer.
  12. Who are the lovers in La bohème?
    Rodolfo and Mimi
  13. What is the term for the Italian form of realistic opera?
  14. Musical nationalism was expressed through:
    national anthems, protest songs, native dances, and victory symphonies
  15. Identify the genre of
    program music that consists of a single movement that gives expression to the
    emotions and events associated with a story, play, political event, or personal
    symphonic poem
  16. At her marriage she surpassed her husband in international fame, but put aside her career to be a wife and mother. After her husband’s death and needing money to pay
    the bills, she resumed her career as a touring piano virtuoso, playing in mourning black until she ceased her career in the 1890s.
    Clara Wieck Schumann
  17. Known for an iconoclastic musical
    style, his compositions call for an enormous number of musicians. He experimented with new instruments and wrote a
    treatise on musical instruments that is still used as a textbook in music
    conservatories around the world.
    Hector Berlioz
  18. Which genre typically precedes an opera or a
    play and consists of a single movement that encapsulates the essence of the
    Dramatic overture
  19. The idée fixe is associated with what object or idea?
    • the protagonist’s beloved (Berlioz’s Symphonie
    • fantastique)
  20. The most “classical” of the great Romantic
    composers, he used traditional forms such as sonata-allegro, a colorful but
    conservative harmony, and a distinctive orchestration featuring a light,
    dancing string sound. The influence of romanticism in
    his works is observed in literary influences and the use of program music, with
    nature and travel providing the impetus for many of his most famous orchestral
    Felix Mendelssohn
  21. Which pedal shifts the position of the hammers on a piano, thereby
    reducing the dynamic level?
    The soft pedal
  22. Which genre of piano music suggests moonlit nights, romantic longing,
    and a certain painful melancholy?
  23. This piano virtuoso traveled throughout Europe between 1839-1847,
    playing more than one thousand concerts and establishing the format of the
    modern-day piano recital. Audiences responded to his
    concerts with near hysteria: women tore at his clothing and fought for a lock
    of his hair.
  24. This composer was a
    member of “The Mighty Handful,” or Russian Five, a group of young composers who
    rejected the influence of Western music and composed in a distinctly Russian
    style; he was the most original and least Western in musical style of this
    Modest Mussorgsky
  25. Which composer brought
    the orchestral Lied to maturity?
    Gustav Mahler
  26. Terrified at the
    prospect of his works competing with those of Beethoven, it was many years
    before this composer wrote the first of his four symphonies. Although his formal education never went past primary
    school, he was awarded honorary degrees from Cambridge University (1876) and
    Breslau University (1879).
    Johannes Brahms
  27. He was offered a substantial sum of money to become the Director of a new conservatory in New
    York City; while in the United States he composed his “American” Quartet and a
    ninth symphony, entitled “From the New World.”
    • Antonin
    • Dvorak
  28. 1.     
    This musician, the
    most prolific composer of late-nineteenth-century program music, wrote in every
    genre of nineteenth-century music, but excelled in music requiring a large
    orchestra (the program symphony, symphonic poem, and ballet). The musical strengths of his compositions lie in
    their sweeping melodies, colorful instrumentation, dramatic contrasts, and
    grand gestures. Some of his most famous compositions are Romeo
    and Juliet, Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty, and the Nutcracker.
    Peter Tchaikovsky
  29. Which composer had the greatest success in writing Lieder?
    Franz Schubert
  30. Which instrument was not added to the orchestra during the Romantic period?
    The saxophone?
  31. What was the average size of the orchestra
    during the Romantic period?
  32. instrument led to all sorts of fanciful and
    lurid rumors?
    (Paganini) Violin
  33. Which term describes when a performer
    momentarily alters the tempo to enhance the expressive quality of the music?
  34. Why did orchestras begin requiring a conductor during the early years of the nineteenth century?
    The larger ensemble required someone to coordinate the effort
  35. What is an art song?
    An accompanied song or ayre with artistic aspirations
  36. What change occurred in the audience’s
    perception of music and composers during the Romantic period?
    • Music took a shift from entertainment to art, it gained more
    • respect.
  37. Identify the group of
    composers who are not considered representative of the nineteenth century.
    Telemann, Monteverdi, Corelli, Lully
  38. A tightly structured group of individual songs that tell a story or
    treat a single theme is known as a
    A song cycle
  39. Which instrument was especially favored during the period because of its dark, rich tone and associations with the hunt—and by
    extension, nature?
    French Horn
  40. What is the genre of
    art song, for voice and piano accompaniment, that originated in Germany around
  41. Schubert intended the accompaniments for his
    Lieder to be evocative of the text. What is this
    accompaniment passage meant to suggest?
    Galloping Horse
  42. Which song did Robert Schumann compose for his wife, Clara, and have published on their wedding day?
    “Dedication” (it was a Myrtle)
  43. The musical form of Schubert’s Erlking is:
  44. Which genre of
    composition consists of three, four, or five movements that together tell or
    depict a succession of specific events drawn from some extra-musical work or
    Program Symphony