Biomechanics Quiz Questions set 1.txt

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Biomechanics Quiz Questions set 1.txt
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2013-11-04 02:34:12
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HI SIMONE
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  1. Definition of Biomechanics
    a branch of knowledge that deals with force and energy and their effects on living organisms and vital processes
  2. Angular Motion
    occurs when an object rotates around an axis of rotation

    EXAMPLES:

    • throwing
    • kicking
    • swinging a bat
  3. Linear Motion
    occurs when an object moves in a straight or curving line without rotation

    EXAMPLES:

    • cycling
    • running
    • jumping for vertical height
  4. Discrete Motion
    this action is usually brief and has a well-defined beginning of movement and end of movement

    EXAMPLES:

    • throwing
    • hitting
    • kicking
    • catching

    the influence of fluid forces on discrete motions is relatively small
  5. Continuous Motion
    this action unfolds without a recognizable beginning and end in an ongoing and often repetitive fashion

    • cycling
    • swimming
    • running

    the influence of fluid forces on continuous motions can be significant
  6. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for spinal right rotation/left rotation is the...
    transverse plane (longitudinal axis)
  7. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for spinal right lateral/left lateral flexion is the...
    frontal plane (anterior - posterior axis)
  8. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for ankle plantarflexion/dorsiflexion is the...
    sagittal plane (medial-lateral axis)
  9. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for ankle inversion/eversion is the...
    frontal plane (medial - lateral axis)
  10. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for forearm pronation/supination is the...
    transverse plane (longitudinal axis)
  11. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for shoulder internal/external rotation is...
    transverse plane (longitudinal axis)
  12. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for hip abduction/adduction is...
    frontal plane (anterior-posterior axis)
  13. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for shoulder horizontal abduction/adduction is...
    transverse plane (longitudinal axis)
  14. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for elbow flexion/extension is...
    sagittal plane (medial-lateral axis)
  15. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for wrist radial/ulnar deviation is...
    frontal plane (anterior-posterior axis)
  16. The two body segments in the torso connected by the spine are...
    the shoulder girdle

    &

    the pelvis
  17. The body segment that connects the left arm segments to the right arm segments is called the...
    the shoulder girdle

    arms are comprised of:

    • upper arm
    • forearm
    • hand
  18. The body segment that connects the left leg segments to the right leg segments is called the...
    the pelvis

    legs are comprised of:

    • upper leg
    • lower leg
    • foot
  19. When we talk about the anterior and posterior portions of the body, we are referring to surfaces that are...
    towards the front of a body segment (anterior)

    towards the rear of a body segment (posterior)
  20. When we talk about the medial and lateral portions of the body, we are referring to surfaces that are...
    closer to the midline of the body (medial)

    farther away from the midline of the body (lateral)
  21. When we talk about the proximal and distal portions of the body, we are referring to surfaces that are...
    closer to the point of attachment of a limb to the torso (proximal)

    farther away from the point of attachment of a limb to the torso (distal)
  22. When we talk about the superior and inferior portions of the body, we are referring to surfaces that are....
    closer to the head (superior)

    closer to the feet (inferior)
  23. At which of the following joint(s) are movements in the frontal plane called radial/ulnar deviation movements?
    wrist joint
  24. At which of the following joint(s) are movements in the frontal place called abduction/adduction movements?
    shoulder joint

    hip joint
  25. At which of the following joint(s) are movements in the transverse plane called pronation/supination?
    distal/middle/proximal radioulnar joint
  26. At which of the following joint(s) are movements in the sagittal plane called flexion/extension movements?
    elbow joint

    hip joint

    knee joint

    shoulder joint

    thorocolumbar spine

    wrist joint

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