blood, lymph and immune system disease and procedures

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blood, lymph and immune system disease and procedures
2013-11-04 17:17:52
med terms

chapter 9, diseases and procedures
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  1. anemia
    deficiency of erythrocytes or hemoglobin in blood
  2. common type of anemia
    iron deficiency
  3. iron deficiency anemia
    caused by lack of iron that's required for hemoglobin production
  4. hemorrhagic anemia
    excessive blood loss
  5. hemolytic anemia
    excessive blood cell destruction
  6. aplastic anemia
    decreased blood formation within bone marrow and faulty hemoglobin production
  7. hemolyze
    sickle cells are fragile and easily break apart
  8. sickle cell crisis
    tissue distal to the blockage undergoes ischemia, resulting in severe back pain
  9. pallor
  10. dyspnea
    difficulty breathing
  11. tachycardia
    rapid heartbeat
  12. hypotension
    low blood pressure
  13. AIDS
    infectious disease caused by HIV which slowly destroys the immune system
  14. immunocompromised
    weak immune system
  15. lymphadenopathy
    swollen lymph glands
  16. 2 diseases closely associated with AIDS
    • Kaposi sarcoma
    • pneumocystis pneumonia
  17. allergy
    acquired abnormal immune response
  18. sensitization
    initial exposure to an allergen, increased reactions to subsequent exposures
  19. urticaria
  20. anaphylactic shock
    life threatening condition
  21. indurated
  22. allergy shots
    • immunotherapy treatment
    • desensitizes the patient and reduces the reaction of patient to offending allergen
  23. autoimmunity
    failure of the body to distinguish accurately between "self" and "nonself"
  24. multisystemic
    autoimmune disorders that affect many organs and tissues
  25. myasthenia gravis
    chronic, progressive autoimmune neuromuscular disease that affects voluntary muscles of body, causing sporadic weakness
  26. exacerbations
    periods of flare ups
  27. remissions
  28. edema
    abnormal accumulation of fluids in intercellular spaces of body
  29. hypoproteinemia
    decrease in blood protein level
  30. localized
    specific area
  31. diuretics
    increased urine
  32. hemophilia
    blood clotting mechanism is impaired
  33. hematomas
    blood seepage deep within muscles
  34. hemarthrosis
    blood enters joints
  35. infectious mononucleosis
    caused by Epstein barr virus (EBV)
  36. leukemia
    disorder of the blood forming organs
  37. proliferation
  38. acute leukemia
    • sudden onset of disease
    • cells highly embryonic
  39. chronic leukemia
    signs and symptoms slow to develop
  40. Hodgkin disease
    malignant disease of lymph system primarily lymph nodes
  41. pruritis
    severe itching
  42. dysphagia
    difficulty swallowing
  43. Kaposi sarcoma
    malignancy of connective tissue
  44. hematoma
    localized accumulation of blood
  45. hemoglobinopathy
    any disorder caused by abnormalties in hemoglobin molecule
  46. lymphadenopathy
    any disease of lymph nodes
  47. lymphedema
    swelling, due to accumulation of lymph within tissues caused by obstruction or disease in lymph vessels
  48. multiple myeloma
    malignant tumor of plasma cells in bone marrow
  49. sepsis
    presence of bacteria or toxins in blood
  50. systemic lupus erythematosus
    widespread autoimmune disease that may affect skin, brain, kidneys, and joints and causes chronic inflammation
  51. thrombocythemia
    overproduction of platelets
  52. thrombocytopenia
    abnormal decrease in platelets caused by low production of platelets in bone marrow
  53. bone marrow aspiration
    removal of small sample of bone marrow
  54. bone marrow transplant
    infusion of healthy bone marrow stem cells after diseased bone marrow is destroyed
  55. sentinel node excision
    removal of first node that receives drainage from tumor site
  56. transfusion
    infusion of blood or blood products from one person to another
  57. antinuclear antibody
    test to identify antibodies that attack nucleus of individuals own cells
  58. blood culture
    test to determine presence of pathogens in bloodstream
  59. complete blood count
    • series of tests that include:
    • hemoglobin
    • hematocrit
    • red and white blood cell counts
    • platelet count
    • hemogram
  60. parital thromboplastin time
    test that measures length of time it takes blood to clot to screen for deficiencies of some clotting factors
  61. prothrombin time
    measures time it takes for prothrombin to form a clow
  62. shilling test
    test used to diagnose pernicious anemia by determining if the body properly absorbs vit B through digestive tract
  63. MRI
    detects lesions and changes in bone tissue and bone marrow
  64. lymphoscintigraphy
    radioactive tracer into lymph channels to determine lymph flow, identify obstruction and locate sentinel node
  65. anticoagulants
    • prevent blood clot formation
    • decrease risk of stroke
  66. antifibrinolytics
    • neutralize fibrinolytic chemicals to prevent breakdown of blood clots
    • treats bleeding
  67. antimicrobials
    destroy bacteria, fungi, and protozoa
  68. antivirals
    • prevent replication viruses within host cells
    • used for HIV and AIDS
  69. fat soluble vitamins
    prevent and treat bleeding disorders
  70. thrombolytics
    dissolve blood clots by destroying their fibrin strands
  71. AIDS
    acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  72. CBC
    complete blood count
  73. DVT
    deep vein thrombosis
  74. Hb, Hgb
  75. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  76. PT
    prothrombin time, physical therapy
  77. PTT
    partial thromboplastin time
  78. RBC
    red blood count
  79. WBC
    white blood count