Pharmacology

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Author:
MarkSilkwood
ID:
245035
Filename:
Pharmacology
Updated:
2013-11-04 20:09:21
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SOCM
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Description:
Flashcards for the different drugs
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  1. What does NSAID stand for?
    Non-Steroid Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
  2. What kind of drug is ibuprofen?
    NSAID
  3. What kind of drug is naproxen?
    NSAID
  4. What kind of drug is indomethacin?
    NSAID
  5. What kind of drug is piroxicam?
    NSAID
  6. What kind of drug is meloxicam?
    NSAID
  7. What kind of drug is celecoxib?
    NSAID
  8. What kind of drug is ketorolac?
    NSAID
  9. What kind of drug is Aspirin?
    NSAID
  10. What kind of drug is Acetaminophen?
    Non-Narcotic Analgesic
  11. All of the NSAIDs can be given by what route?
    PO
  12. Which one of the NSAIDs can be given by PO, IM, IV, and Nasal?
    ketorolac (Toradol)
  13. Mild/moderate pain, fever, headache, inflammation, and dysmenorrhea are indications of what drug subgroup?
    NSAIDs
  14. Which of the NSAIDs is the antiviral for influenza A?
    Naprosyn (naproxen)
  15. Which NSAID is given for the treatment of gout and is more toxic than ASA, yet more effective?
    Indocin, Indocin SR (indomethacin)
  16. Which NSAID would you usually want to take with an antacid?
    Feldene (piroxicam)
  17. Which NSAID should you not take for more than 5 days, and has the same effect as 12 doses of morphine?
    Toradol (ketorolac)
  18. What is the antidote for Tylenol (acetaminophen)?
    Mucomist
  19. What are some negative side effects of taking NSAIDs?
    Inhibited platelets and osteoblasts, delayed healing, GI problems.
  20. What does Analgesic mean?
    Painkiller
  21. What kind of drug is meperidine?
    Narcotic (opioid) Analgesics
  22. What kind of drug is morphine?
    Narcotic (opioid) Analgesics
  23. What kind of drug is oxycodone?
    Narcotic (opioid) Analgesics
  24. What kind of drug is fentanyl?
    Narcotic (opioid) Analgesics
  25. What kind of drug is tramadol?
    Narcotic (opioid) Analgesics
  26. What kind of drug is codeine-APAP?
    Narcotic (opioid) Analgesics
  27. What kind of drug is Hyrdrocodone-APAP?
    Narcotic (opioid) Analgesics
  28. What are the two Narcotic Analgesics that cannot be given IM or IV?
    Tylenol/codeine (codeine-APAP) & Vicoden (hyrodrocodone-APAP)
  29. What are the indications for giving Narcotic Analgesics?
    Moderate/severe acute or chronic pain, anesthesia, cough suppressant.
  30. What are effects seen with Narcotic Analgesics?
    Euphoria, sedation, respiratory depression, miosis, nausea.
  31. What Narcotic Analgesic may help with PTSD and is used with antiemetics?
    MS Contin/Roxanol (morphine)
  32. Which Narcotic Analgesic is given in the form of a lollipop?
    Actiq Lozenge/Duragesic (fentanyl)
  33. which Narcotic Analgesic inhibits NE uptake and increases serotonin release?
    Ultram (tramadol)
  34. Which of the narcotic Analgesics is an antitussive?
    Tylenol/codeine (codeine-APAP)
  35. What are the two Narcotic Agonist/Antagonist Analgesic?
    Stradol (butorphanol) and Nubain (nalbuphine)
  36. What are the contraindications of Narcotic Agonist/Antagonist Analgesics?
    Head injury, respiratory depression.
  37. What are Opioid Antagonists used for?
    Counter Opioid overdose
  38. What kind of drug is naloxone?
    Opioid Antagonist
  39. Why would Narcan (naloxone) need more than one dose?
    Because it has a very short half-life.
  40. What kind of drug is ketamine?
    Anesthetic/Sedative Hypnotic
  41. What are the indications of Ketalar (ketamine)?
    Short/painful surgery, no analgesia with opioids
  42. When a patient is given Ketalar (ketamine), what are possible effects of the drug?
    Increased HR, BP, and intraocular pressure.
  43. NSAIDs, Non-narcotic Analgesics, Narcotic Analgesics, Narcotic Agonist/Antagonist Analgesics, Opioid Antagonists, and Anesthetic/Sedative hypnotics are all subgroups for what type of drug
    Pain Management
  44. Spasmolytics are what type of drug?
    Muscle Relaxants
  45. Muscle Relaxants do what for pain?
    Absolutely nothing.
  46. The three muscle relaxants are?
    Flexeril (cyclobenzaprine), Robaxin (methocarbamol), and Skelaxin (metaxelone)
  47. What is the indication for giving Spasmolytics?
    Acute temporary muscle spasms, acute lower back or neck pain.
  48. What are effects of taking Muscle Relaxants?
    Sedation, dry mouth, and increased intraocular pressure
  49. Which Spasmolytic can treat fibromyalgia?
    Flexeril (cyclobenzaprine)
  50. Which Muscle relaxant has a high risk for elderly patients?
    Robaxin (methocarbamol)
  51. Which spasmolytic is moderately strong, yet increases absorption with food?
    Skelaxin (metaxelone)
  52. Compared to Muscle Relaxants, Benzodiazepines are for more or less severe muscle spasms?
    More
  53. Which of the Benzodiazepines is Valium (diazepam)?
    2-keta Compound
  54. What subgroup of the Benzodiazepines is Versed (medazolam)?
    Imidazo Compound
  55. What subgroup of the Benzodiazepines is Romazicon (flumazenil)?
    Benzodiazepine Antagonist
  56. What is the only route for Romazicon (flumazenil)?
    IV
  57. What is the indication of Romazicon (flumazenil)?
    Severe benzodiazepine toxicity
  58. Can benzodiazepines be given for anxiety?
    yes
  59. Which Benzodiazepine is given for emergency treatment of status epilepticus?
    Valium (diazepam)
  60. If you didn't have any Romazicon (flumazenil) to counteract a Benzodiazepine, what would you have to do for your patient until the benzo wore off?
    Bag patient
  61. What are the indications of corticosteroids?
    Inflammatory skin conditions, allergic reactions, Addison's disease, acute inflammation, HACE.
  62. Edema, Hypertension, and immune suppression are signs of what condition that is indicative of over-corticosteroid production?
    Cushing's syndrome
  63. What are some signs you will see when a patient is given corticosteroids?
    Edema, hypertension, and immune suppression
  64. Provigil (modafinil) is given for what?
    Daytime sleepiness/narcolepsy
  65. What are the indications of Dexedrine/Dextrostat (dextroaphetamine)?
    Narcolepsy, ADHD
  66. Why would a patient take Ambien (zolpidem)
    for insomnia
  67. Once you take Ambien (zolpidem), how long until you should see the onset?
    15 minutes
  68. What should you NOT take with Ambien (zolpidem)?
    Alcohol

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