Respiratory and GI pathology

Card Set Information

Author:
BrieMuthKimball
ID:
245064
Filename:
Respiratory and GI pathology
Updated:
2013-11-04 21:20:00
Tags:
Respiratory GI pathology
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Description:
Holly's class
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  1. Inflammatory disease of the lung due to bacteria. Tissues become inflamed causing fluid collection. Does not do anything to air passageways.
    Looks like collection of fluid in one place
    Pneumonia (lobar)
  2. Most commonly produced by viral and mycoplasmosal infections.The inflammatory process invlives predominantly the walls and linings of the alveoli and supporting structures of the lung
    produces reticular pattern, may appear as multiple small nodular densities. Overall fuzzy appearance
    Viral (interstitial) pneumonia
  3. Caused by a rod shaped bacterium. Spread mainly by droplets in the air.
    Seen as homogenous, dense and well defined. Lordotic position may be requested to see apices. Granular appearance
    Tuberculosis
  4. Includes several conditions in which chronic obstruction of airways leads to an ineffective exchange of respiratory gases and makes breathing difficult.
    COPD
  5. Characterized by excessive mucus production leading to obstruction of small airways.
    Chronic bronchitis
  6. This refers to the dissension of distal air space as a result of the destruction of alveolar walls and the obstruction of small airways. Small air filled sacs become large air-filled bullae. Places excessive strain on the heart. Air passages lose elasticity
    Looks like flattening of the diaphragm
    Emphysema

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