Article VI, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution, known as the Supremacy Clause, establishes the U.S. Constitution, federal statutes, and U.S. Treaties as "the supreme law of the land."
What are the three branches of government?
Judicial, Legislative, Executive
What is popular sovereignty?
the principle that the authority of the government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, or elected representatives, who are the source of all political power
What type of legislature was set up by the Articles of Confederation?
One house legislature (makes laws.) Each state had 1 vote in the Congress. No executive branch. No judicial branch. It was a limited central/federal government. States had more power. They did not want the federal government to have too much power like Britain/Parliament.
Membership to the House of Reps is determined by what?
Based on a State's population.
Under the GA Const of 1777, what type of legislature was created?
Unicameral -One house (legislature)
What was the problem with the government created by the Articles of Confederation?
Each state only had one vote in Congress, regardless of size. Congress had not have the power to tax. Congress did not have the power to regulate foreign and interstate commerce. There was no executive branch to enforce any acts passed by Congress. There was no national court system. Amendments to the Articles of Confederation required a unanimous vote. Laws required a 9/13 majority to pass in Congress.
What is the preamble to the Const?
The Preamble is the opening statement to the United States Constitution. The preamble explains the reasons why the Framers of the Constitution made our government a republic.
What does the executive branch do?
Enforces laws -carries out laws
What were the supporters of the Const called?
Membership to the Senate is determined by what?
Each state has two Senators.
Where did the Constitutional Convention take place?
Why did the Constitutional Convention takes place?
The Constitutional Convention happened for the purpose of writing a new Constitution.
Was the Governor powerful under the GA Const. of 1777?
Under the Const of 1777, which branch had the most power?
One chamber legislature too powerful
Under the Const of 1777, what power did the legislative branch have?
This single legislative body had very broad powers, including the ability to make appointments for the judicial branch (the courts) and the executive branch (the governor).
What does the Judicial Branch do?
What does the Legislative Branch do?
What were supporters of the Const called?
Under the _____, the states were strong and the national government weak.
Articles of Confederation
What were the first ten amendments to the Const called?
Bill of Rights
What do we call the power of each branch government to change some acts of the other branches?
Checks and balances
Who is considered to be the "Father of the Constitution?"
What is a unicameral legislature?
unicameral legislature is a legislature which consists of one chamber or house. ...
When did Georgia first write a state Const?
What are the names of the two men from Georgia who signed the Const?
William Few and Abrahim Baldwin
How long is a term for US Senators?
How long is a term for a representative in the US House of Rep?
How long is a term for the President and the Vice President of the US?
How many terms can a president serve?
2 terms (8 years)
How long is the term for a Justice on the Supreme Court?
What do we call the idea that 3 branches of government are independent and no branch has more powerful than the other branches?
separation of powers
Who runs the Executive Branch of the Federal Government?
President of the US
Who runs the executive branch of the state governments?
What is an amendment?
A constitutional amendment is a formal change to the text of the written constitution of a nation or state
What building does the US Legislature operate from in Washington D.C.?
The US Capitol
What building does the president operate from in DC?
The White House
What are the 3 qualifications to be President?
Over 35 years of age
Lived in US for at least 14 years
Both the GA Const of 1777 and the US Articles of Conf set up unicameral Legislatures. Was this a strength or a weakness?
How many Justices are on the Supreme Court (including the Chief Justice)?
How many US Senators are there?
How many US Reps are there?
What is the name of the President?
What is the name of the Vice President?
What is the name of the Chief Justice of the US?
What are the names of the two senators from GA?
The Legislature is divided into Senate and the House of Rep. What kind of Legislature is this?