WFCB Bird Orders #2

Card Set Information

Author:
lndsyfree
ID:
245110
Filename:
WFCB Bird Orders #2
Updated:
2013-11-05 00:03:28
Tags:
birds wfcb
Folders:

Description:
Bird order for the 2nd exam of WFC111L
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user lndsyfree on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Gaviiformes
    • Family: Gaviidae: Loons
    • Field Marks: Feet ansiodactyl, and fully palmate
    • Legs set far back on the body
    • Tarsi compressed laterally (more hydrodynamic)
    • Dagger-like bill (straight, pointed, and compressed)
    • Short neck and long wings
    • Short, stiff retrices
    • Sex: Monomorphic
    • Habitat: Lakes, reservoirs, bays, and open ocean coasts
    • Life history: Foot-propelled pursuit-divers, eating mostly fish, also eat crustaceans, amphibians, insects, leeches, aquatic veg.
    • Hunt primarily by sight and can dive as deep as 250 ft
    • Dense plumage for warmth and waterproofing
    • Among the oldest on record: 28 years
    • Distribution: 5 species in Norther Hemisphere, 5 species in California
  2. Podicipediformes
    • Family: Podicipedidae - Grebes
    • Field Marks: feet ansiodactyl, and lobed
    • Legs set far back on the body
    • Tarsi compressed laterally (more hydrodynamic)
    • Usually sharp, pointed bill
    • Fairly long neck and short wings with rudimentary, hair-like retrices
    • Sex: monomorphic
    • Habitat: Seasonally flooded ditches to deep lakes and coastal bays
    • Life history: foot-propelled pursuit-divers, eating invertebrates, amphibians, aquatic vegetation, and fish, depending on the size of the Grebe
    • Typically forage near water's surface, but can dive up to 90 ft
    • Can adjust buoyancy, sinking in the water until only their heads show
    • Among oldest on record: 14 yrs
    • Distribution: 22 species occur worldwide, 7 species have been recorded in California
  3. Procellariiformes
    • Tube-nosed swimmers
    • Orders: Diomedeidae (Albatrosses), Procellaridae (Shearwaters and Petrels), Hydrobatidae (Storm-Petrels)
    • Field marks: feet ansiodactyl or tridactyl, with hallux absent or rudimentary
    • Feet palmate
    • Bill hooked
    • Nostrils tubular, raissed into 1 or 2 tubes on the upper mandible
    • Wings long, pointed, and narrow relative to body size
    • Life history: eat primarily fish and marine invertebrates gleaned from surface, spend most of their lives at sea, coming to land only to nest
    • Have a well-developed sense of smell, likely used in navigation at sea
    • Distribution: 142 species worldwide
  4. Suliformes
    • Cormorants, Boobies, & Allies
    • Orders: Sulidae (Boobies and Gannets), Fregatidae (Frigatebirds), Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants)
    • Field marks: featherless gular pouch; long, pointed, or hooked bill; large wings; plumage mostly black & white, some brown; bare areas colorful
    • Life history: eat primarily fish, with a diverse array of foraging strategies, including plunge-diving, underwater pursuit, and kleptoparasitism (stealing)
    • Found in marine and freshwater habitats
    • Distribution: 60 species in 4 families found worldwide
  5. Pelecaniformes
    • Pelicans, Herons, & Allies
    • Orders: Pelecanidae (Pelicans), Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, & Bitterns), Threskiomithidae (Ibises & Spoonbills)
    • Field marks: featherless gular pouch; long, pointed or hooked bill; large wings; plumage mostly black & white, some brown; bare areas colorful
    • Life history:¬†eat primarily fish, with a diverse array of foraging strategies, including plunge-diving, underwater pursuit, and kleptoparasitism (stealing)
    • Found in marine and freshwater habitats
    • Distribution: 118 species in 5 families found worldwide
  6. Phaethontiformes
    • Orders: Phaethontidae (Tropicbirds)
    • Field Marks: predominantly white with black patterning on back, wings, and face
    • Thick, pointed, slightly decurved bill with serrated tornia
    • Gular pouch poorly developed and feathered
    • Extremely long and narrow central rectrices
    • Short tarsi and small feet
    • Sex: monomorphic
    • Habitat: Oceans
    • Life history: eat mainly flying fish and squid, usually by plunge-diving
    • No regular migrations known, but travel widely
    • Loosely colonial and monogamous, and may breed year-round
    • Solitary when not breeding
    • Breed first probably at 2-4 years old, but little is known
    • Among oldest on record: 28 years 6 mo
    • Distribution: 3, pantropical, 3 recorded in CA
  7. Ciconiiformes
    • Storks
    • Orders: Ciconiidae (Storks)
    • Field marks: feet ansiodactyl, and not palmate
    • Long neck
    • Long legs (longer than body, except for Cathartidae)
    • Long bill (longer than head, except for Cathartidae)
    • Long, broad, rounded wings
    • Life history: eat primarily fish and aquatic vertebrates and invertebrates
    • Found primarily in wetland habitats
    • Distribution: 19 species worldwide, greatest diversity in the tropics
  8. Anseriformes
    • Orders: Anatidae (Swans, Geese, & Ducks)
    • Field marks: feet ansiodactyl and palmate, bill lamellate and depressed, or serrate and compressed with nail present on tip
    • Heavy body
    • Relatively short tails
    • Large head, long neck and wings
    • Sex: dimorphic
    • Habitat: marches, lakes, rivers, estuaries, bays
    • Life history: omnivorous, herbivorous, or carnivorous
    • hybrids very common
    • highly social during non-breeding season
    • northern species migratory
    • among oldest on record: 28 yrs
    • Distribution: 177 species in order worldwide, family occurs worldwide, 50 species have been recorded in CA
  9. Charadriiformes
    • Shorebirds, Gulls, & Allies
    • Orders: Charadriidae (Plovers & Lapwings), Haematopodidae (Oystercatchers), Recurvirostridae (Stilts & Avocets)
    • Field marks: range in size from tiny shorebirds to large gulls
    • Bill long and slender, or compressed and straight or hooked
    • Body may be compact or long-legged and long-necked
    • Feet may be anssiodactyl, tridactyl, lobed, semipalmate, or palmate
    • Usually long, pointed wings and short tail
    • Plumage usually cryptically colored
    • Life history: most eat invertebrates, inhabit a range of aquatic habitats
    • Distribution: 385 species worldwide

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview