psychology 9 chapter 7

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jdeg238
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245111
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psychology 9 chapter 7
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2013-11-05 00:11:13
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rcc riverside psych
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chapter 7
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  1. During the elementary school years, children grow an average of __________ inches a year.
    A)1 to 2
    B)3 to 4
    C)4 to 5
    D)2 to 3
    D)2 to 3
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following statements regarding body growth and proportion in the elementary school years is TRUE?
    A)Proportional changes are among the least pronounced in middle and late childhood.
    B)Children gain an average of 15 to 20 pounds per year during this period.
    C)Children triple their strength capabilities during these years.
    D)Boys are usually stronger than girls.
    D)Boys are usually stronger than girls.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the following statements regarding motor development in middle and late childhood is TRUE?
    A)Improved gross motor skills appear in the form of handwriting development.
    B)Motor development becomes much smoother and more coordinated.
    C)Boys are usually better at fine motor skills, whereas girls outperform boys at gross motor skills.
    D)Children gain greater control over their bodies and can sit for longer periods of time; therefore, their lives should be less activity-oriented.
    B)Motor development becomes much smoother and more coordinated.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. At what age do children begin to show motor manipulative skills similar to the abilities of adults?
    A)6 years
    B)7 years
    C)8 to 10 years
    D)10 to 12 years
    D)10 to 12 years
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Regarding exercise and sports in middle and late childhood, which of the following statements is TRUE?
    A)Girls are more physically active than boys in this age group.
    B)Children's use of television, computers, and video games has increased their amount of physical activity.
    C)Twenty-three percent of children between ages 9 and 13 do not engage in any free-time physical activity.
    D)Participation in sports has only positive consequences for children.
    C)Twenty-three percent of children between ages 9 and 13 do not engage in any free-time physical activity.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. What is the most common cause of death in middle and late childhood?
    A)accidents resulting from improper use of sport equipment
    B)obesity-related diseases
    C)injuries from motor vehicle accidents
    D)cancer
    C)injuries from motor vehicle accidents
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. In childhood, obesity is more common among __________.
    A)girls
    B)boys
    C)African Americans
    D)those who exercise regularly
    A)girls
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 8. Of those children with disabilities receiving special education services, more than 40% have __________.
    A)serious emotional disturbances
    B)mental retardation
    C)speech or language impairments
    D)a learning disability or ADHD.
    D)a learning disability or ADHD.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Children with learning disabilities have all the following characteristics EXCEPT __________.
    A)difficulties in one or more academic area
    B)normal intelligence
    C)difficulties not attributable to any other diagnosed problem
    D)mental retardation
    D)mental retardation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. __________ is a learning disability whereby individuals have a severe impairment in their ability to read and spell.
    A)Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    B)Leukemia
    C)Dyslexia
    D)Ritalin
    C)Dyslexia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The individualized education plan (IEP) __________.
    A)requires educating a student with special needs partially in a regular classroom
    B)is a written statement describing a program for a student with a disability.
    C)is a public law describing mandates for service to children with disabilities.
    D)describes a setting that is as similar as possible to the one in which children who do not have a disability are educated.
    B)is a written statement describing a program for a student with a disability.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Piaget characterized the thought of children in middle and late adolescence as __________.
    A)formal operational
    B)concrete operational
    C)preoperational
    D)sensorimotor
    B)concrete operational
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The activity of ordering stimuli along a quantitative dimension is best described as __________.
    A)transitivity
    B)classification
    C)operations
    D)seriation
    D)seriation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of the following is a criticism of Piaget's theory that is supported by recent research?A)Piaget underestimated children's competence.
    B)He placed too much emphasis on culture and education.
    C)Children cannot be trained to reason at higher levels.
    D)Piaget's theory was not divided into clear-cut stages.
    A)Piaget underestimated children's competence.
  15. Mental age divided by chronological age multiplied by 100 yields a(n) __________.
    A)frame of mind
    B)intelligence quotient
    C)normal distribution
    D)triarchic intelligence score
    B)intelligence quotient
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Who proposed the triarchic theory of intelligence that divides intelligence into analytical, creative, and practical components?
    A)David Wechsler
    B)Robert Sternberg
    C)Alfred Binet
    D)Howard Gardner
    B)Robert Sternberg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. he majority of people who are mentally retarded experience _________ retardation.
    A)mild
    B)severe
    C)moderate
    D)profound
    A)mild
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Gifted children are typically __________.
    A)maladjusted
    B)precocious
    C)average scorers on intelligence tests
    D)difficult to motivate
    B)precocious
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which educational approach involves teaching children in their native language while gradually introducing English?
    A)whole-language approach
    B)basic-skills-and-phonetics approach
    C)bilingual education
    D)brainstorming
    C)bilingual education
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. __________, which refers to knowledge about language, develops considerably during the elementary school years.
    A)Alphabetic principle
    B)Pragmatics
    C)Metalinguistic awareness
    D)Grammatical mastery
    C)Metalinguistic awareness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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