psychology 9 chapter 8

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jdeg238
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245120
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psychology 9 chapter 8
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2013-11-05 00:58:28
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rcc riverside psych
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chapter 8
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  1. Which is the CORRECT statement about self-esteem?
    A)Children with high self-esteem have greater initiative.
    B)Self-esteem research is experimental in methodology.
    C)There are high correlations between school performance and self-esteem.
    D)High self-esteem children don't engage in antisocial actions.
    A)Children with high self-esteem have greater initiative
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Erikson's stage describing socioemotional development for people in middle and late childhood is called __________.
    A)integrity versus despair
    B)initiative versus guilt
    C)industry versus inferiority
    D)identity versus identity confusion
    C)industry versus inferiority
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the following is an important developmental change in emotions during the elementary school years?
    A)unable to redirect feelings.
    B)increased tendency to take into fuller account the events leading to emotional reactions
    C)decreased ability to understand complex emotions
    D)small improvements in the ability to suppress negative emotions
    B)increased tendency to take into fuller account the events leading to emotional reactions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. When 8-year-old Jenny states, "I know I will be able to read that book as long as I practice reading every night," she is demonstrating __________.
    A)self-efficacy
    B)self-esteem
    C)self-regulation
    D)self-concept
    A)self-efficacy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. _________ is the ability to manage one's behavior, emotions, and thoughts that lead to increased social competence and achievement.
    A)Self-regulation
    B)Self-control
    C)Self-concept
    D)Self-restriction
    A)Self-regulation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of Kohlberg's levels of moral development involves full internalization of moral values?
    A)postconventional
    B)all of these
    C)preconventional
    D)conventional
    A)postconventional
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. According to Kohlberg, in the __________ stage, moral thinking is tied to punishment.
    A)universal ethical principles
    B)individualism, instrumental purpose, and exchange
    C)social systems morality
    D)heteronomous morality
    D)heteronomous morality
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Carol Gilligan's central criticism of Kohlberg's theory of moral development is that __________.
    A)he underestimates the role of culture and family
    B)he underemphasizes the role of behavior
    C)he inadequately considers the care perspective
    D)he overemphasizes the role of cognition
    C)he inadequately considers the care perspective
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The belief that young girls should be "sugar and spice and everything nice" is a __________.
    A)cognitive distortion
    B)gender dicotomy
    C)gender stereotype
    D)contextual distinction
    C)gender stereotype
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Recent studies suggest that societal changes are leading females to be more __________.
    A)masculine
    B)assertive
    C)nurturing
    D)féminine
    B)assertive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. According to your textbook, which of these statements regarding gender roles is TRUE?A)Researchers have found that high-masculinity adolescent boys never engage in problem behaviors.
    B)Pollack suggests that boys actually benefit from bottling up their feelings.
    C)Bem argues that androgynous individuals are more competent.
    D)Masculine and androgynous orientations might be less desirable in traditional academic and work settings because of the achievement demands in these contexts.
    C)Bem argues that androgynous individuals are more competent.
  12. When examining children's peer status, we find that __________ children are frequently nominated both as someone's best friend and as being disliked.
    A)controversial
    B)neglected
    C)popular
    D)rejected
    A)controversial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. _____ children engage in low rates of interaction with their peers and are often described as shy by their peers.
    A)Neglected
    B)Controversial
    C)Popular
    D)Rejected
    A)Neglected
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Jacob finds his relationship with Akira exciting and amusing. Which function of friendship does their relationship fulfill?
    A)companionship
    B)ego support
    C)stimulation
    D)social comparison
    C)stimulation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following is NOT a special problem faced by schools in low-income neighborhoods?
    A)more encouragement of rote learning over thinking skills
    B)more experienced teachers who have become bored
    C)higher percentages of children in poverty
    D)fewer resources
    B)more experienced teachers who have become bored
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. To improve relations between ethnically diverse students, Eliot Aronson suggested __________.
    A)helping students think critically when cultural issues are involved
    B)encouraging students to have positive personal contact with other diverse students
    C)encouraging students to engage in perspective taking
    D)using cooperative techniques of a jigsaw classroom
    D)using cooperative techniques of a jigsaw classroom
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The __________ approach is a learner-centered approach that emphasizes the importance of individuals actively constructing their knowledge and understanding with guidance from the teacher.
    A)direct instruction
    B)industry
    C)constructivist
    D)self-regulation
    C)constructivist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. One of the key criticisms of the constructivist approach to teaching and learning is that it:
    A)sets high teacher expectations for student progress.
    B)fails to keep negative student affect to a minimum.
    C)does not give enough attention to the content of a discipline.
    D)fails to challenge students to think in critical and creative ways.
    C)does not give enough attention to the content of a discipline.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. In a __________ mindset, children believe that their qualities can change and improve through effort.
    A)fixed
    B)variable
    C)growth
    D)progressive
    C)growth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Pat is described as assertive, nurturing, powerful, and sensitive. Pat's gender role classification would best be described as __________.
    A)masculine
    B)balanced
    C)androgynous
    D)feminine
    C)androgynous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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