1. The general management of an organization must structure the IT and information security functions to defend the organizations information assets. (T/F)
2. If you realize you do not know the enemy, you will gain an advantage in every battle." (Sun Tzu). (T/F)
False If you know your enemy
3. Risk control is the application of controls to reduce the risks to an organizations data and information systems. (T/F)
4. Know yourself means identifying, examining, and understanding the threats facing the organization. (T/F)
False Know the enemy
5. Once the organizational threats have been identified, an assets identification process is undertaken. (T/F)
False Once the asset have been identified
6. Identifying human resources, documentation, and data information assets of an organization is less difficult than identifying hardware and software assets. (T/F)
False is more difficult
7. You should adopt naming standards that do not convey information to potential system attackers. (T/F)
8. When determining the relative importance of each asset, refer to the organizations mission statement or statement of objectives to determine which elements are essential, which are supportive, and which are merely adjuncts. (T/F)
9. The amount of money spent to protect an asset is based in part on the value of the asset. (T/F)
10. The value of intellectual property influences asset valuation. (T/F)
11. You cannot use qualitative measures to rank values. (T/F)
False - you can
12. Protocols are activities performed within the organization to improve security. (T/F)
False Programs are activities..
13. Eliminating a threat is an impossible proposition. (T/F)
False - Possible but difficult
14. To determine if the risk is acceptable or not, you estimate the expected loss the organization will incur if the risk is exploited. (T/F)
15. Leaving unattended computers on is one of the top information security mistakes made by individuals. (T/F)
16. Some argue that it is virtually impossible to determine the true value of information and information-bearing assets. (T/F)
17. CBAs cannot be calculated after controls have been functioning for a time. (T/F)
False CBA can (after & before)
18. Metrics-based measures are generally less focused on numbers and more strategic than process-based measures. (T/F)
False Metrics-based measures are generally more focused on numbers
19. Best business practices are often called recommended practices. (T/F)
20. Organizations should communicate with system users throughout the development of the security program, letting them know that change are coming. (T/F)
21. The results from risk assessment activities can be delivered in a number of ways: a report on a systematic approach to risk control, a project-based risk assessment, or a topic-specific risk assessment. (T/F)
22. Establishing a competitive business model, method, or technique enabled an organization to provide a product or service that was superior and created a(n) competitive advantage. (T/F)
23. Risk control is the examination and documenting of the security posture of an organizations information technology and the risks it faces. (T/F)
False - Risk Identification is
24. Mutually exclusive means that all information assets must fit in the list somewhere. (T/F)
False Comprehensive means that all information assets
25. One way to determine which information assets are critical is by evaluating how much of the organizations revenue depends on a particular asset. (T/F)
26. Each of the threats faced by an organization must be examined to assess its potential to endanger the organization and this examination is known as a threat profile. (T/F)
False - is known as a threat assessment
27. Risk evaluation assigns a risk rating or score to each information asset. (T/F)
False Risk assessment
28. Policies are documents that specify an organizations approach to security. (T/F)
29. Program-specific policies address the specific implementations or applications of which users should be aware. (T/F)
False - Issue-specific policies
30. The most common of the mitigation procedures is the disaster recovery plan. (T/F)
31. The mitigate control strategy attempts to reduce the impact caused by the exploitation of vulnerability through planning and preparation. (T/F)
32. Likelihood risk is the risk to the information asset that remains even after the application of controls. (T/F)
False - Residual risk is
33. Benefit is the value that an organization realizes by using controls to prevent losses associated with a specific vulnerability. (T/F)
34. ALE determines whether or not a particular control alternative is worth its cost. (T/F)
False - CBA determines .
35. A(n) qualitative assessment is based on characteristics that do not use numerical measures. (T/F)
36. Qualitative-based measures are comparisons based on numerical standards, such as numbers of successful attacks. (T/F)
False Metrics-based measures
37. Security efforts that seek to provide a superior level of performance in the protection of information are referred to as best business practices. (T/F)
38. In information security, benchmarking is the comparison of security activities and events against the organizations future performance. (T/F)
False baselining is
39. Within organizations, technical feasibility defines what can and cannot occur based on the consensus and relationships between the communities of interest. (T/F)
False - political feasibility
40. Risk measure defines the quantity and nature of risk that organizations are willing to accept as they evaluate the tradeoffs between perfect security and unlimited accessibility. (T/F)
False Risk appetite
41. Risk ____ is the application of controls to reduce the risks to an organizations data and information systems.
42. The concept of competitive ____ refers to falling behind the competition.
43. The first phase of risk management is ____.
A) risk identification
C) risk control
D) risk evaluation
44.____ addresses are sometimes called electronic serial numbers or hardware addresses.
45. Many corporations use a ____ to help secure the confidentiality and integrity of information.
A) system classification scheme
B) data restoration scheme
C) data hierarchy
D) data classification scheme
46. A(n) ____ is an authorization issued by an organization for the repair, modification, or update of a piece of equipment.
47. The military uses a ____-level classification scheme.
48. In the U.S. military classification scheme, ____ data is any information or material the unauthorized disclosure of which reasonably could be expected to cause damage to the national security.
C) top secret
49. Management of classified data includes its storage and ____.
D) All of the above
50. There are individuals who search trash and recycling a practice known as ____ to retrieve information that could embarrass a company or compromise information security.
A) side view
B) dumpster diving
C) recycle diving
D) garbage collection
51. In a(n) ____, each information asset is assigned a score for each of a set of assigned critical factor.
C) weighted factor analysis
D) data classification scheme
52.____ equals likelihood of vulnerability occurrence times value (or impact) minus percentage risk already controlled plus an element of uncertainty.
53. The ____ security policy is an executive-level document that outlines the organizations approach and attitude towards information security and relates the strategic value of information security within the organization.
54. The ____ security policy is a planning document that outlines the process of implementing security in the organization.
55.____ policies address the particular use of certain systems.
56. The ____ strategy attempts to prevent the exploitation of the vulnerability.
A) suspend control
B) defend control
C) transfer control
D) defined control
57. The ____ strategy attempts to shift risk to other assets, other processes, or other organizations.
A) transfer control
B) defend control
C) accept control
D) mitigate control
58. The actions an organization can and perhaps should take while an incident is in progress should be specified in a document called the ____ plan.
59.____ plans usually include all preparations for the recovery process, strategies to limit losses during the disaster, and detailed steps to follow when the smoke clears, the dust settles, or the floodwaters recede.
60. The ____ strategy is the choice to do nothing to protect a vulnerability and to accept the outcome of its exploitation.
A) avoidance of risk
D) accept control
61. The formal decision making process used when considering the economic feasibility of implementing information security controls and safeguards is called a(n) ____.
62.____ is simply how often you expect a specific type of attack to occur.
63. When organizations adopt levels of security for a legal defense, they may need to show that they have done what any prudent organization would do in similar circumstances. This is referred to as a(n) ____.
A) due diligence action
B) best practice
C) golden standard action
D) standard of due care
64.____ feasibility analysis examines user acceptance and support, management acceptance and support, and the overall requirements of the organizations stakeholders.
65. Risk ____ defines the quantity and nature of risk that organizations are willing to accept as they evaluate the tradeoffs between perfect security and unlimited accessibility.
66. ____________________ involves three major undertakings: risk identification, risk assessment, and risk control.
67. ____________________ is the process of identifying risk, as represented by vulnerabilities, to an organizations information assets and infrastructure, and taking steps to reduce this risk to an acceptable level.
68.____________________ are defined as information and the systems that use, store, and transmit information.
69.____________________ components account for the management of information in all its states: transmission, processing, and storage.
70. For hardware devices, the ____________________ number is used by the network operating system to identify a specific network device.
71. All information that has been approved by management for public release has a(n) ____________________ classification.
72.Overriding an employees security ____________________ requires that the need-to-know standard be met.
73. A(n) ____________________ desk policy requires that employees secure all information in appropriate storage containers at the end of each day.
74. Once the inventory and value assessment are complete, you can prioritize each asset using a straightforward process known as ____________________ analysis.
75. After identifying and performing the preliminary classification of an organizations information assets, the analysis phase moves on to an examination of the ____________________ facing the organization.
76. You can assess the relative risk for each of the vulnerabilities by a process called risk ____________________.
77.____________________ is the probability that a specific vulnerability within an organization will be successfully attacked.
78. Security ____________________ are the technical implementations of the policies defined by the organization.
79. The ____________________ strategy is the risk control strategy that attempts to prevent the exploitation of the vulnerability.
80. The ____________________ control strategy attempts to reduce the impact caused by the exploitation of vulnerability through planning and preparation.
81. Of the three types of mitigation plans, the _________________________ plan is the most strategic and long term.
82. Cost ____________________ is the process of preventing the financial impact of an incident by implementing a control.
83. Asset ____________________ is the process of assigning financial value or worth to each information asset.
84. A single loss ____________________ is the calculation of the value associated with the most likely loss from an attack.
85.____________________ is the process of seeking out and studying the practices used in other organizations that produce results you would like to duplicate in your organization.
86. The difference between an organizations measures and those of others is often referred to as a performance ____________________.
87. Due ____________________ is the demonstration that the organization is diligent in ensuring that the implemented standards continue to provide the required level of protection.
88. A(n) ____________________ is a value or profile of a performance metric against which changes in the performance metric can be usefully compared.
89. Operational ____________________ analysis examines user acceptance and support, management acceptance and support, and the overall requirements of the organizations stakeholders.
90. Behavioral feasibility is also known as _________________________.