A & P Quiz 3

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readyreg29
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245312
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A & P Quiz 3
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2013-11-15 20:06:57
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MEDIC 2013
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  1. GENERIC NAME: LIDOCAINE HCl
    • BRAND NAME: Xylocaine
    • CLASS: Antiarrhythmic, local anesthetic
  2. GENERIC NAME: LORAZEPAM
    • CLASS: Anxiolytic (an-z-o-lit-ic) 
    • Benzodiazepine, short or intermediate acting
  3. GENERIC NAME: MAGNESIUM SULFATE
    • BRAND NAME: Magnesium Sulfate
    • CLASS: Electrolyte, tocolytic
  4. GENERIC NAME: METHYLPREDNISOLONE (meth·yl·pred·nis·o·lone) SODIUM SUCCINATE
    • BRAND NAME: Solu-Medrol
    • CLASS: Corticosteroid, glucocorticoid, steroid, anti-inflammatory
  5. A gland that forms part of the immune system 
    Its function is to transform lymphocytes into T-cells
    Consists of two lobes that join in front of the trachea
    Thymus
  6. The body's largest lymphatic organ 
    Acts as a filter for blood as part of the immune system 
    Helps fight certain kinds of bacteria that cause pneumonia & meningitis
    Spleen
  7. The types of body defenses:
    • Innate (nonspecific)
    • Adaptive (specific)
  8. Defends against many different types of pathogens.
    Is present at birth
    Prevent or limit microorganisms & other envir. hazards from approaching, entering, or spreading
    Innate (nonspecific) defenses
  9. Innate (nonspecific) defenses include what types of defenses
    • Mechanical barriers
    • Chemical barriers
    • Natural killer cells (NK cells)
    • Inflammation
    • Phagocytosis (engulfs) 
    • Fever
    • Species resistance
  10. A set of three tough membranes that enclose the entire brain and spinal cord (CNS)
    Meninges
  11. The three Meninges membranes
    • Dura mater - Outer toughest
    • Arachnoid - 2nd layer; (blood vessels like spider webs)
    • Pia mater - inner layer; rest on brain or spinal cord
  12. Fluid produced on the ventricles of the brain that flows in the subarachnoid space and bathes the meninges
    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
  13. Cranial nerves 1-6
    • Olfactory bulb I
    • Optic nerve II
    • Oculomotor nerve III
    • Trochlear nerve IV
    • Trigeminal Nerve V
    • Abducens Nerve VI
  14. 70 - 80% of circulated blood lymphocytes
    Exits in lymp nodes
    Attach to foreign, antigen-bearing cells
    Direct cell-to-cell contact
    (Cellular immune response)
    T lymphocyes (T cells)
  15. 20-30% of circulating lymphocytes
    Abundant in lymph nodes, bone marrow, intesinal lining, spleen
    Divide & differentiate into plasma cells
    Produces antibodies
    Reacts to destroy antigens
    (Hormoral immunity response)
    B lymphocytes (B cells)
  16. Control center for the body
    Responsible for controlling breathing, pulse, & blood pressure
    Performnace of memory, understanding, & thought
    The Nervous System
  17. Two main portions of the nervous system:
    • Central (CNS)
    • Peripheral (PNS)
  18. The Central nervous system is:
    The brain & spinal cord
  19. Consists of 31 pairs of spinal nerves
    12 pairs of cranial nerves
    sensory, motor, or connecting nerves
    The Peripheral nervous system
  20. Part of the peripheral nervous system that regulates voluntary control:
    Walking
    Talking
    Writing
    Somatic nervous system
  21. Controls the body functions that occur without voluntary control:
    Digestion
    Dilation
    Contriction of blood vessels
    Sweating
    All involuntary actions
    Autonomic nervous system
  22. The three areas comprise of the brain stem:
    • Midbrain
    • Pons
    • Medulla oblongata
  23. The cells of the brain stem controls:
    • Cardiac
    • Respiratory
    • All basic body functions necessary for life
  24. Cranial nerves 7-12
    • Facial nerve VII
    • Vestibulochlear nerve VIII
    • Glossopharyngeal nerve IX
    • Vagus nerve X
    • Spinal accessory nerve XI
    • Hypoglossal nerve XII
  25. Longest of the cranial nerves
    Responsible for decreasing heart rate
    Provides motor functions to:
    Soft palate
    Pharynx
    Larynx
    Vagas nerve
  26. Molecules that bind to a cell's receptor and trigger a response by that cell
    They produce a action or biologic effect
    Agaonists
  27. Molecules that bind to a cell's receptor and block the action of agonists
    Antagonists
  28. Hormone antagonist are widely used as:
    Drugs
  29. Made up of various glands located throughout the body
    The system that releases hormones such as insulin into the blood stream
    Endocrine system
  30. Resposible for Cellular immune response:
    T cells
  31. Responsible for Hormonal immunity response:
    B cells
  32. The parts of the Autonomic nervous system:
    • Sympathetic
    • Parasympathetic
  33. The system responsible for the "fight or flight" response:
    Sympathetic nervous system
  34. The system responsible for the "feed and breed" functions:
    Slows down the cardiovascular and respiratory functions
    Parasympathetic nervous system
  35. The system that:
    Protects the body in the environment
    Regulates body temp
    Transmits info from envir. to the brain
    The Integumentary system (skin)
  36. Secretes enzymes that aid in the digestion of fat, startch, and protien
    Produces insulin; to regulate the amount of glucose in the blood
    Pancreas
  37. Largest solid organ in the abdomen
    Produces bile to assist in digestion of fat
    Stores sugar & starch for immediate use for energy
    Renders digestion poisions harmless
    Liver
  38. Major hollow organ of the abdomen
    Produces enzymes & mucus for digestion
    Absorbs 90% of products of digestion
    Small intestine
  39. Absorbs 5- 10% of digested foods & water
    Forms solid stool to pass out
    Breaks down some digested molecules
    Large intestine
  40. The canal that extends from the mouth to the anus:
    Alimentary
  41. The walls of the alimentary canal consist of what four layers:
    • Mucosa (mucous membrane)
    • Submucosa
    • Muscular layer
    • Serosa (serous layer)
  42. Abdomen:
    Right upper quadrant (RUQ)
    • Liver 
    • Gall bladder
    • Some of colon
    • Small intestine
  43. Abdomen
    Left upper quadrant (LUQ)
    • Stomach
    • Spleen
    • Some of colon
    • Small intestine
  44. Abdomen
    Right lower quadrant (RLQ)
    • Cecum
    • Ascending colon
    • Appendix
  45. Abdomen
    Left lower quadrant )LLQ)
    Descending and sigmoid parts of colon
  46. Functions of the digestive system:
    • Ingestion
    • Mechanical processing
    • Digestion
    • Secretion
    • Absorption
    • Excretion
  47. The digestive system converts food into:
    • Basic sugars
    • Fatty acids
    • Amino acids
  48. A process that releases energy from organic compounds
    Glucose & oxygen are needed to produce energy
    Cellular respiration
  49. What notes a rise or fall in core body temperature and elicits responses to regulate it
    Hypothalamus
  50. Referred to as the "master gland" it secretions control the secretions of other endocrine glands
    Pituitary gland
  51. A gland that manufactures and secretes hormones that have a role in growth, development, and metabolism
    Thyroid gland
  52. Promotes sex hormone secretions; aids in release of female egg cells
    Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  53. Contracts uterine wall muscles; contracts milk-secreting gland muscles
    Oxytocin (OT)
  54. The female reproductive organ that produces oocytes (eggs) and sex hormones
    Ovary (ovaries)
  55. Transports secondary oocytes in the direction of the uterus; fertilization occurs here, with the developing embryo conveyed to the uterus
    • Uterine
    • (Fallopian tubes)
  56. The male reproductive system consists of the:
    • Testicles
    • Epididymis
    • Vasa deferentia
    • Penis
  57. Components of the Urinary system
    • − Kidneys
    • − Ureters
    • − Urinary bladder
    • − Urethra

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