Digestive system

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Author:
cwehde
ID:
245320
Filename:
Digestive system
Updated:
2014-04-12 20:41:37
Tags:
digestive system
Folders:
Anatomy
Description:
the digestive system
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  1. Prehension
    grasping of food with lip or teeth
  2. Mastication
    mechanical grinding and breaking down of food (chewing)
  3. Chemical digestion
    digestion of food in stomach small intestine and large intestine, the break down with chemicals.
  4. Absorption
    when nutrients and water break down
  5. Elimination
    excretion of wastes
  6. Herbivores
    plant eating plants
  7. Carnivores
    meat eating plant
  8. Omnivores
    animals that eat both plants and meat
  9. Hard palate
    • Bony roof of mouth
    • division between mouth and nasal
  10. Soft palate
    • soft mucosal flap
    • extends caudally from hard palate on roof of mouth
  11. What contains the maxilla and incisive bones
    upper arcade
  12. Contained in mandible
    lower mandible
  13. four types of teeth
    Incisor, canine, premolar, molar
  14. How many teeth in adult feline?
    • 30
    • I3/3 C1/1 P3/2 M1/1
  15. How many teeth in adult canine?
    • 42
    • I3/3 C1/1 P4/4 M2/3
  16. Pulp
    • Center of tooth
    • Blood and nerve supply
  17. Dentin
    • Surrounds and protects tooth pulp
  18. Enamel
    • Covers crown of tooth
    • Hardest toughest tissue in body
  19. Gingival
    • Epithelial tissue that composes gums around teeth
  20. What part of the digestive tract it this?
    Esophagus
  21. What sphincter is between the stomach and esophagus
    Cardiac Sphincter
  22. What is the name of the the stomach type in cats and dogs?
    Monogastric Stomach
  23. What part of the monogastric stomach is the arrow pointing to?
    Fundus
  24. What part of the monogastric stomach is the arrow pointing to?
    Body
  25. What part of the monogastric stomach is the arrow pointing to?
    Pyloric antrum
  26. What part of the monogastric stomach is the arrow pointing to?
    cardia
  27. What part of the monogastric stomach is the arrow pointing to?
    Pylorus
  28. The ruminants stomach has ___ true stomachs and ____ fore stomachs
    • 1 true
    • 3 fore stomachs
  29. Rumination
    regurgitating stomach content is to chew on it more before swallowing again
  30. Which stomach has this kind of lining?
    Rumen
  31. Which stomach has this kind of lining?
    Reticulum
  32. Which stomach has this kind of lining?
    Omasum
  33. Which stomach has this kind of lining?
    abomasum
  34. What part of the rumen stomach is the arrow pointing to?
    Rumen
  35. Abomasum
  36. What part of the rumen stomach is the arrow pointing to?
    Omasum
  37. What part of the rumen stomach is the arrow pointing to?
    reticulum
  38. What covers the cavity except liver?
    Greater Omentum
  39. What hold the small intestine in place and keeps them in place?
    Mesentery
  40. What is the first short part of the small intestine?
    Duodenum
  41. What is the main part of the small intestine called?
    Jejunum
  42. What is the last part of the small intestine that regulates movement to the large intestine?
    Ileum
  43. What is this? an organĀ 
    Pancreas
  44. What are the three parts of the colon?
    • The ascending, transverse, and descending colon
  45. What is the name of the blind-ending pouch next to the Ileum
    The cecum
  46. What is the portion between the colon and anus?
    rectum

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