Music

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Author:
mi06bian
ID:
245337
Filename:
Music
Updated:
2013-11-07 00:03:42
Tags:
music
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Description:
Baroque and Classical
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  1. Baroque Mood
    • one unified, predictable mood
    • except in vocal music
    • text has meaning and different emotions
    • words and music
  2. Classical Mood
    Contrasts
  3. Baroque Dynamics
    • terraced
    • sudden, abrupt
    • adding and subtracting instruments
  4. Classical Dynamics
    • gradual
    • crescendo and decrescendo
  5. Baroque Rhythm
    • clearly defined beat
    • predictable
    • self propelled
    • nonstop
    • busy
    • vigorous
  6. Classical Rhythm
    • flexible
    • pauses and syncopation
    • simple
    • silence
  7. Baroque Melody
    • repetative
    • sequences
    • same energy throughout
  8. Classical Melody
    • well defined
    • homophonic
    • developed from monody
    • balance and symmetrical
  9. Baroque Form
    • not standardized or streamlined
    • first introduced and not yet defined
  10. Classical Form
    • defined forms:
    • rondo (4)
    • minuet and trio (3)
    • sonata form (1)
    • theme and variations (2)
  11. 4 Major Genres of Classical
    • 1. Symphony
    • 2. Sonata
    • 3. Chamber music
    • 4. Concerto
  12. Baroque Orchestra
    • independent and instrumental
    • violin family
    • established for 1st time
    • loosely defined...
  13. Classical Orchestra
    • symmetry
    • structure
    • standardization
    • clearly defined
  14. Baroque Texture
    polyphony and homophony
  15. Classical Texture
    • homophony - monody
    • simplicity
    • balance
    • symmetrical
  16. Baroque Vocal Music Types
    • Opera
    • Oratorio
    • Cantata
  17. Opera
    • Multidisciplinary art form
    • Overature
    • Orchastra
    • Ensamble
    • Aria and Recitative - Monody
    • Costume
    • Dance
    • Chorus
    • Scenery
  18. Aria
    • Vocal song
    • exploits dexterity of singer
    • accompanied by orchestra
  19. Recitative
    Highlighted speech
  20. First Opera
    • Orpheus
    • 1607
    • Monteverdi
  21. Oratorio
    • Handel
    • Opera with no costume, acting, dance...
    • law saying no drama during certain time of year
    • The Messiah - Alleluia - Handel
  22. Cantata
    • Sacred oratorio
    • opera with no costume
    • Sleepers Awake - Bach
    • geared toward church - sacred text
  23. Baroque Instrumental Music Types
    • Fugue
    • Concerto Grosso
    • Sonata
  24. Fugue
    • Signature of the Baroque period
    • polyphonic
    • based on imitation
    • Subject (technical main line) theme
    • Answer (strict imitation at different interval)
    • Counter Subject
    • Exposition
    • Episode
    • Stretto
    • Augmentation
    • Diminution
    • Inversion
    • Retrograde
    • RI - Retrograde Inversion
    • Pedal Point
    • EX. Little Fugue - Bach
    • too technical for classical period
  25. Counter Subject
    Where subject and answer meet in fugue
  26. exposition
    Where subject and answer show up the first time in fugue
  27. Episode
    • To make a fugue longer
    • change it slightly using different techniques
  28. Stretto
    Start answer sooner in episode of fugue
  29. Augmentation
    make notes or subject longer in episode of fugue
  30. Diminution
    make notes or subject shorter in episode of fugue
  31. Inversion
    invert subject in episode of fugue
  32. retrograde
    reverse subject in episode of fugue
  33. RI - Retrograde Inversion
    Invert and Reverse subject in episode of fugue
  34. Pedal Point
    Long sustained note in episode of fugue
  35. Concerto Grosso
    • Brandenburg Concerto
    • JS Bach
    • Ritornello
  36. Sonata
    • to sound/play
    • anything instrumental
    • trio sonata
  37. Trio Sonata
    • 3 lines
    • 4 instruments
    • Basso Continuo
    • Violin, Viola, Cello, Harpsicord
  38. Basso Continuo
    • Baroque technique
    • bass and keyboard
    • harpsicord
  39. Baroque Forms
    • 3 movements - Fast, Slow, Fast
    • 3 part - ABA
    • 2 part - AB
    • Continuos
    • Ritornello
  40. Classical Genres
    • Symphony
    • Sonata
    • Chamber Music
    • Concerto
  41. Classical Symphony
    a composition for the orchestra usually in four movements
  42. Classical Sonata
    composition for a solo instrument in 4 movements
  43. Classical Chamber Music
    • 4 movements
    • String & piano quartets, trios, quintets...
  44. Classical Concerto
    • a work for a solo instrument against the orchestra
    • 3 movements
  45. Classical Dates
    1750 - 1820
  46. Baroque Dates
    1600 - 1750

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