Medical Micro DOD 2

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ccraigr
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245429
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Medical Micro DOD 2
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2013-11-08 21:06:58
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ccraigr medical micro desease day test Bio 411
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Desease of the Day
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  1. Bacterial Pneumonia
    • Gram + (strep. pneumoniae) or Gram-.
    • Opportunistic. Normal Flora & human reservoir.
    • Transmitted via airborn droplets.
    • Leading cause of death in children
    • Caugh, Fever, Shortness of Breath, Fluid in Lungs.
    • Antibiotics
  2. Gram + (strep. pneumoniae) or Gram-.
    Opportunistic. Normal Flora & human reservoir.
    Transmitted via airborn droplets.
    Leading cause of death in children
    Caugh, Fever, Shortness of Breath, Fluid in Lungs.
    Antibiotics
    Bacterial Pneumonia
  3. Botulism
    • Gram +, Anaerobic, Endospore forming Bacillus.
    • Clostridium botulinum.
    • Found in soil and endospores can make its way into cans. Honey.
    • Paralysis and muscle weakness.
    • Treat with antitoxin.
  4. Gram +, Anaerobic, Endospore forming Bacillus.
    Clostridium botulinum.
    Found in soil and endospores can make its way into cans. Honey.
    Paralysis and muscle weakness.
    Treat with antitoxin.
    Botulism
  5. Chickenpox & Shingles
    • Initial contact with Varicella-Zoster virus & latent reactivation of the same virus.
    • Human Reservoir. 
    • Transmitted by touching and breathing the virus- infects lymph nodes.
    • Fever, Fatigue, rash
    • Vaccine/Antivirals
  6. Initial contact with Varicella-Zoster virus & latent reactivation of the same virus.
    Human Reservoir. 
    Transmitted by touching and breathing the virus- infects lymph nodes.
    Fever, Fatigue, rash
    Vaccine/Antivirals
    Chickenpox & Shingles
  7. Cholera
    • Vibrio cholerae. Produces toxon CTX in small intestine.
    • Human Reservoir. Fecal Oral (contaminated food/water)
    • 1/10 infected develop symptoms.
    • Need: fluids, no antibiotics, maybe zinc?
  8. Vibrio cholerae. Produces toxon CTX in small intestine.
    Human Reservoir. Fecal Oral (contaminated food/water)
    1/10 infected develop symptoms.
    Need: fluids, no antibiotics, maybe zinc?
    Cholera
  9. Conjunctivitis
    • Can be bacterial/viral/or foreign bodies.
    • (pink eye)
    • Infected Human Reservoir.
    • Finger (or other contaminated object) to eye.
    • Thick yellow discharge. inflamation of the eye.
    • Antibiotics(bacterial). Viral: no cure, run it's course.
  10. Can be bacterial/viral/or foreign bodies.
    (pink eye)
    Infected Human Reservoir.
    Finger (or other contaminated object) to eye.
    Thick yellow discharge. inflamation of the eye.
    Antibiotics(bacterial). Viral: no cure, run it's course.
    Conjunctivitis
  11. Enterococcus
    • Gram +, cocci, facultative anaerobe, can be in chains or single cells. Withstands extremes in temperature, salt, pH.
    • Normal Flora. Faecalis. (intestines)
    • Nosacomial/wound infections. UTI. Burst apendix.
    • Fecal oral.
    • Antibiotics
  12. Gram +, cocci, facultative anaerobe, can be in chains or single cells. Withstands extremes in temperature, salt, pH.
    Normal Flora. Faecalis.(intestines)
    Nosacomial/wound infections. UTI. Burst apendix.
    Fecal oral.
    Antibiotics
    Enterococcus
  13. Infectious Mononucleosis
    • Epstein-Barr virus. (herpes family)
    • Human Reservoir. Saliva born. 
    • 4-8 week incubation. can continue to secrete virus for life.
    • Fever, Rash, Fatigue, Swollen neck lymph. possible inflamed liver & spleen.
    • No cure, Hydrate and let run course.
    • Look for atypical lymphocytes
  14. Epstein-Barr virus. (herpes family)
    Human Reservoir. Saliva born. 
    4-8 week incubation. can continue to secrete virus for life.
    Fever, Rash, Fatigue, Swollen neck lymph. possible inflamed liver & spleen.
    No cure, Hydrate and let run course.
    Look for atypical lymphocytes
    Infectious Mononucleosis
  15. Influenza
    • A,B,C viruses. Enveloped 7-8 Strand RNA Virus. Influenzavirus.
    • Res: Man, pigs, birds, horses.
    • Species to species, airborn, temp increases= increased viral production. Highly variable.
    • Fever, Fatigue, respritory.
    • Vaccinate, hydrate
  16. A,B,C viruses. Enveloped 7-8 Strand RNA Virus. Influenzavirus.
    Res: Man, pigs, birds, horses.
    Species to species, airborn, temp increases= increased viral production. Highly variable.
    Fever, Fatigue, respritory.
    Vaccinate, hydrate
    Influenza
  17. Lyme Disease
    • Gram Variable Borrelia bergdorferi: spirochete
    • Deer/mice tick vector (nymph)
    • Target(bullseye) rash. Fever, fatigue poss. palsy & heart problems.
    • Antibiotics.
  18. Gram Variable Borrelia bergdorferi: spirochete
    Deer/mice tick vector (nymph)
    Target(bullseye) rash. Fever, fatigue poss. palsy & heart problems.
    Antibiotics.
    Lyme disease
  19. Polio
    • Picornavirus
    • Fecal oral. (body secretions too) Human Reservoir.
    • paralitic/nonparalytic
    • vaccinate
  20. Rabies
    • RNA rhabdoviridae lyssavirus 12 types.
    • Attacks nerves.
    • Wild animals
    • Saliva-blood.
    • 3-12 week incubation. Slow: 12-24mm/day. But 200-400mm/day in cns
    • Flu like-ok. Clinical-too late.
  21. Respritory Syncytal virus
    • Paramyxoviridae. Enveloped. SS -sense RNA
    • Human Reservoir
    • Sneezes, indirect & direct contact.
    • Caugh & fever. Bronchiolar constriction.
    • Fluids and Rest.
  22. Staph. Aurious Food poisoning
    • G+ facultative anaerobe.
    • normal flora
    • Avoid mrsa.
  23. Toxic Shock Syndrome
    • Staph Aurius. Toxin producing.
    • Looks like sunburn.

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