History, Government, and Roman Society

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  1. Monarchy
    (753 BC-509 BC) Where seven kings ruled starting with Romulus and ending with Tarquinius, an Etruscan
  2. fasces
    a bundle of rods with an ax
  3. Republic
    (509 BC-27BC)  The period of the struggle and growth.
  4. Empire
    (27BC-476AD) Gaius Octavius (aka Augustus) defeated his rival Anthony and became Rome's first emperor. He reigns until 14AD and it has been said Augustus "found Rome a city of brick and left it a city or marble"
  5. Four reason for the fall of Rome
    the system of slavery that demoralized a large segment of the population/the decay and corruption of the ruling class/heavy taxation/the inroads made by enemies of Rome, such as the Visigoths and the Vandals
  6. The Senate
    The most powerful body in ancient Rome. Consisted of about 600 members who had office for life. It managed foreign affair, declared war, and controlled taxation. (S.P.Q.R=senatus populusque Romanus)
  7. Popular Assembly
    two assemblies administered the elective and legislative business of the Roman state.
  8. Comitia Centuriata Assembly
    elected the higher magistrates- consuls, praetors, and censors
  9. Comitia Tributa Assembly
    elected the tribunes, quaestors, aediles, and minor officals
  10. Cursus Honorum
    This was the order in which the various important offices might be held accordung to law. The highest officla was the consul. Before one could become consul, he had to serve as praetor. Before being praetor, he had to serve as quaestor
  11. consul
    two consuls, elected annually, helpd offie for one year only. they were chief executives, and each served as acheck upon to other
  12. Praetor
    eight praetors were elected annually for one year. Their chief duty was to serve as judges in court.
  13. Quaestor
    20 quaestors were elected anually for one year. They served as public treasurers
  14. Aedile
    although not in the cursus honorum, the aedile used his position to gaiin popularity for election to higher office. He was in charge of public announcements, games, public works, markets, streets, etc. There were 4 in Rome electe annually
  15. Tribune of the People
    Ten tribune were elcted annually for one year. Had the right to verto any decree or low passed by the Senate or the assemblies
  16. Censor
    2 sensors were elcected every 5 yrs for a term of 18 mnths. Their duties were to assess property, determine the order of society, raise revenue for public works, and maintain hish standards of morality.
  17. Dictator
    in times of extreme public danger, a dictator was appointed with supreme power for a period of six months
  18. The Senatorial order/Patricians/Optimates
    consisted of officeholders (magistrates) and their descendants
  19. The Equestrian Order/Equites
    was the wealthy class, consisting of those whose possessions were equivalent to at least 20,000
  20. The Plebian Order
    the working class embracing the vast majority of the population, consisted of those freeborn citizens who possessed less than 20,000
  21. Slaves
    Below the three social classes. Had no rights whatsoever; and the freedmen (former slave)had the right to vote and own property but not to hold office
  22. Another name for the Optimates was Patrician
  23. Mare Nostrum "our sea"
    The Mediterranean Sea which the Romans called their sea
  24. Roman enemies
    the Goths
  25. First Roman 'King'
  26. Last of the Kings
    Tarquinius Superbus
  27. The Roman Empire reached its greatest extent under which emperor
  28. Before running for praetorship, one had to serve as
  29. Marcus Aurelius
    philosopher emperor
  30. Trajan
    greatest expansion of Rome
  31. Nero
    persecuted the Christians
  32. Scipio
    conquered Carthage
  33. Constantine the Great
    first christian emperor
  34. Hannibal
    Carthaginian general
  35. Tiberius
    succeeded Augustus
  36. Attalus
    bequeathed land to Rome
  37. Tarquinius Superbus
    last Roman king
  38. Octavius
    Rome's first emperor
Card Set:
History, Government, and Roman Society
2013-11-06 20:46:19
Roman Culture

1st Roman Culture Exam
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