(753 BC-509 BC) Where seven kings ruled starting with Romulus and ending with Tarquinius, an Etruscan
a bundle of rods with an ax
(509 BC-27BC) The period of the struggle and growth.
(27BC-476AD) Gaius Octavius (aka Augustus) defeated his rival Anthony and became Rome's first emperor. He reigns until 14AD and it has been said Augustus "found Rome a city of brick and left it a city or marble"
Four reason for the fall of Rome
the system of slavery that demoralized a large segment of the population/the decay and corruption of the ruling class/heavy taxation/the inroads made by enemies of Rome, such as the Visigoths and the Vandals
The most powerful body in ancient Rome. Consisted of about 600 members who had office for life. It managed foreign affair, declared war, and controlled taxation. (S.P.Q.R=senatus populusque Romanus)
two assemblies administered the elective and legislative business of the Roman state.
Comitia Centuriata Assembly
elected the higher magistrates- consuls, praetors, and censors
Comitia Tributa Assembly
elected the tribunes, quaestors, aediles, and minor officals
This was the order in which the various important offices might be held accordung to law. The highest officla was the consul. Before one could become consul, he had to serve as praetor. Before being praetor, he had to serve as quaestor
two consuls, elected annually, helpd offie for one year only. they were chief executives, and each served as acheck upon to other
eight praetors were elected annually for one year. Their chief duty was to serve as judges in court.
20 quaestors were elected anually for one year. They served as public treasurers
although not in the cursus honorum, the aedile used his position to gaiin popularity for election to higher office. He was in charge of public announcements, games, public works, markets, streets, etc. There were 4 in Rome electe annually
Tribune of the People
Ten tribune were elcted annually for one year. Had the right to verto any decree or low passed by the Senate or the assemblies
2 sensors were elcected every 5 yrs for a term of 18 mnths. Their duties were to assess property, determine the order of society, raise revenue for public works, and maintain hish standards of morality.
in times of extreme public danger, a dictator was appointed with supreme power for a period of six months
The Senatorial order/Patricians/Optimates
consisted of officeholders (magistrates) and their descendants
The Equestrian Order/Equites
was the wealthy class, consisting of those whose possessions were equivalent to at least 20,000
The Plebian Order
the working class embracing the vast majority of the population, consisted of those freeborn citizens who possessed less than 20,000
Below the three social classes. Had no rights whatsoever; and the freedmen (former slave)had the right to vote and own property but not to hold office
Another name for the Optimates was Patrician
Mare Nostrum "our sea"
The Mediterranean Sea which the Romans called their sea
First Roman 'King'
Last of the Kings
The Roman Empire reached its greatest extent under which emperor
Before running for praetorship, one had to serve as