Drug Groups

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
245446
Filename:
Drug Groups
Updated:
2013-11-06 21:09:28
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Pharmacology
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Pharmacology
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  1. What is the other name for etomidate?
    Amidate
  2. What is the dose for etomidate?
    Range: .2-.6 mg/kg Common: .3 mg/kg
  3. What's the other name for versed?
    Midazolam
  4. What class of drug is versed?
    Benzo, short acting sedative hyponitic
  5. What are midazolams indications?
    Sedation for medical procedures (intubation, cardioversion, )
  6. What are verseds contraindications?
    Acute narrow glaucoma, shock, come, alcohol intoxication
  7. Side effects for versed?
    Headache, respiratory depression, hypotension, N+V
  8. What is verseds dose.
    2-2.5 mg max 10mg. SCFD .05 mg/kg
  9. What is the other name for flumazenil?
    Romazicon
  10. What class is flumazenil?
    Benzo antagonist
  11. Adverse reaction to flumazenil
    irretractable seizures
  12. Norepinephrine Bitartrate other name?
    Levophed
  13. Norepinephrine class?
    Sympathomametic, vassopressor
  14. Norepinephrine Indications?
    Cardiogenic shock, unresponsive to fluid resuscitation, hypotension <70 
  15. Norepinephrine MOA?
    Potent Alpha agonist resulting in peripheral vasoconstriction, Positive chronotropic, and inotropic 
  16. Norepinephrine Contraindications?
    Hypotensive pts with hypovolemia, pregnancy 
  17. Norepinephrine side effects?
    headache, anxiety, dizziness, restlessness, dyspnea, bradycardia, hypertension, dysrythmias, chest pain, N+V, 
  18. epinephrine other name?
    Adrenalin
  19. epinephrine class?
    sympathometic
  20. epinephrine MOA?
    Direct acting alpha and beta agonist, Vasoconstriction, positive chronotropic, inotropic, dromotropic. bronchial smooth muscle relaxation and diliation of smooth muscle vasculature. Blocks histamine receptors.
  21. epinephrine indications?
    Cardiac arrest, symptomatic bradycardia, anaphalxis, asthma
  22. epinephrine contraindications?
    Hypertension, hypothermia, pulmonary edema, myocardial ischemia, hypovolemic shock
  23. epinephrine side effects?
    nervousness, restlessness, headache, tremor, pulmonary edema, CP, hypertension, Tachy, N+V
  24. epinephrine dosage?
    Alergic reaction .3-.5mg SC. Cardiac arrest 1mg. continous infusion 1mg 1:1000 into 250 NS
  25. Albuterol other name?
    proventil, ventolin
  26. Albuterol class
    sympathomimetic, bronchodilator
  27. Albuterol MOA?
    Selective Beta 2 aginist, smooth muscle relaxiation in the bronchial tree and peripheral vasculature
  28. Albuterol Indications 
    treatment of bronchospasm in pts with reversable obstructive airway disease (copd/asthma). prevention o fexercise induced bronchospasm
  29. Abuterol Contraindications
    Hypersensitivity to abuterol, tachycardia, dysrhthmias, especially those caused by digitalis. 
  30. Albuterol Side effects
    • headache, irritability, restlessness, agressive behavior, pulomnary edema, hypertension, tachycardia, CP, N+V,
    • Adverse reactions often dose related.
  31. Albuterol Drug interactions
    tricyclic antidepressants may potentiate vasculature effects. Beta blockers and antagonistic and may block pulmonary effects. May potentiate hypokalemia caused by diuretics.
  32. Albuterol  and duration
    2.5 mg nebulized over 10 min, MDI 1-2 inhalations every 5 min 90-180ug

    Onset:5-15 Min Duration 3-4 hrs
  33. Albuterol pregnancy category
    C
  34. Levalbuterol other name
    Xopenex
  35. Levalbuterol Class
    sympathomimetic, bronchodilator
  36. Levalbuterol MO
    Stimulates Beta 2 receptors, 
  37. Levalbuterol  Dosage 
    1.25mg-2.5mg in 3ml administered by neb every 20 min to a max of 3 doses
  38. Terbutaline Sulfate other name
    Brethine
  39. Terbutuline class
    Beta 2 adrenergic agonist, bronchodilator
  40. Terbutuline Indications
    Bronchial asthma, reversible bronchospasm assoc with exercise, chronic bronchitis, emphysema
  41. Terbutuline Dose
    .25mg SC may repeat 15-30 min, max dose .5mg in 4 hr period
  42. Terbutuline pregnancy category 
    B
  43. Terbutuline Notes
    May potentiate ischemia more than others, need O2 pre and during med admin, increasing coughing may increase etopic beats. 
  44. Epi racemic other name
    Micronefrin
  45. Epi racemic class
    sympathomimetic
  46. Epi racemic Indications
    laryngotracheobronchitis, laryngeal edema, croup,
  47. Epi racemic how supplied
    MDI
  48. ipatropium other name
    atrovent
  49. ipatropium class
    Anticholinergic, bronchodilator
  50. ipatropium MOA
    Inhibits interaction of ACH at receptor sites of bronchial smooth muscle, resulting in decreased cyclic guuanosine monophosphate and bronchodilation.
  51. ipatropium indications
    persistant bronchospasm, copd exerbation
  52. ipatropium contraindactions
    Hypersensitivity to ipatropium, atropine, alkaloids, peanuts
  53. ipatropium dosage
    .5mg mixed in 2.5-3 ml Solution 
  54. Isoetharine Other name 
    bronchocol, bronkometer
  55. Isoetharine class
    symphahommimetic
  56. isoetharine side effects
    nervousness, dose related tachy, palpations, nausea, tremors, mult doses can cause paradoxial bronchoconstriction.

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