week10 terms

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  1. Active transport
    movement of ions or molecules across cells membranes, usually against a pressure gradient and with expenditure of metabolic energy.
  2. Boil
    A furuncle; an acute circumscribed inflammation of the subcutaneous layers of the skin of a gland, or a hair follicle.
  3. Chancre
    The primary lesion of syphilis, appearing at the site of entry of the infection, approximately two or three weeks after exposure. Begins as a papule which breaks down into an ulcer.
  4. colloid osmotic pressure
    pressure exerted by plasma proteins on permeable membranes in the body; synonym for oncotic pressure.
  5. dermatitis
    inflammation of the skin evidence by itching, redness, and various skin lesions
  6. dermatologist
    a physician who specializes in treating disease of the skin
  7. diffusion
    tendency of solutes to move freely throughout a solvent from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration until equilibrium is establish.
  8. edema
    accumulation of fluid in extracellular spaces
  9. electrolytes
    a substance that separates on a solution and conducts an electric current
  10. emollient
    An agent that will soften and soothe the part when applied locally. The term is usually confined to agents affecting the surface of the body
  11. Extracellular fluid
    Body fluid that is  found in the vascular and interstitial spaces
  12. filtration
    passage of fluid through a permeable membrane whose spaces do not allow certain solutes to pass; passages is from an area of higher pressure to one of lower pressure.
  13. hives
    Eruption of very itchy wheals, caused by an allergic substance or food or by sudden sharp changes in climate
  14. homeostasis
    various physiologic and psychological mechanism respond to changes in the internal and external and environment to maintain a balanced state
  15. hyperkalemia
    an excess of potassium in the blood
  16. hypernatremia
    an excess of sodium in the blood
  17. hypokalemia
    a deficit of potassium in the blood
  18. Hyponatremia
    a deficit of sodium
  19. hypotonic
    having a lesser concentration than the solution with which it is being compared.
  20. interstitial
    pertaining to the spaces between the cells
  21. intracellular fluid
    body fluid that is found inside of the cell
  22. isotonic
    having about the same concentration as the solution with which it is being compared
  23. keloid
    overgrowth of collagenous scar tissue at the site of a wound of the skin
  24. lesion
    Any visible local abnormality of the tissue of the body as a wound, sore, rash, or boil
  25. malignant neoplasm
    a growth that infiltrates tissue, metastasizes and often recurs after attempts at surgical removal
  26. mole
    a pigmented skin blemish, a nervus
  27. obligatory loss
    the amount of water the body needs to lose in 24 hrs in order to remove waste products from the blood and through vaporization
  28. osmosis
    passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane from an area of lesser concentration to an area of greater concentration until equilibrium is established
  29. regeneration
    the replacement of destroyed tissue cells by cells that are identical or similar in the structure and function
  30. sebaceous gland
    oil secreting gland of the skin. the glands are simple or branched alveolar gland most of which open into hair follicles. they are holocrine glands their secretion is called sebum. most but not all sebaceous glands have a hair follicle associated with them
  31. vitiligo
    a cutaneous condition characterized by milk white patches surround by areas of normal pigmentation. more common in the tropic and in blacks
  32. wart
    A circumscribed cutaneous elevation resulting from hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis. it is caused by virus
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week10 terms
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