Phonology Exam #2
Card Set Information
Phonology Exam #2
Determining which word has a different sound
Which word begins with the same sound as
Which sound do you hear at the beginning of the word?
I am going to say a word in a funny way: b-i-g can you tell me which word that is?
How many sounds are in the word jeep?
Say ball backwards- lab
Say meat, now say it again but swap the m and the t
hot dog becomes dog hot
Written phoneme is called a _____________
Do articulation based disorders have an impact on literacy?
Which placement are among the first to develop
All vocalizations prior to a childs first words
T/F: letter knowledge is critical to the development of phonological awareness
Insertion of a sound segment into a word (most typically a schwa)
T/F- consonant cluster substitution is a later persisting phonological process
Canonical babbling includes _____________ and ______________
reduplicated babbling and variegated babbling
Collection of data
End result of studying and interpreting data
T/F- screening includes diagnosis
Determines presence, type, or severity of disorder
What is included in the Comprehensive Evaluation?
1. Articulation Test
2. Stimulability Measures
3. Conversation speech sample (intelligibility)
4. Hearing Screening
5. Oral Mech exam
6. Additional testing as warranted
Advantages of Articulation tests
-Quick & assesses all phonemes in all positions
-Easy to give and score
-Standardized & Norm Referenced scores
-Quantifiable list of incorrect productions
Disadvantages of Articulation Testing
-Only at word level
-Once chance to produce phoneme correctly
-Not enough info about phonological system
Factors to consider when choosing articulation testing
-Appropriateness for age/development
-Percentile rank and norm scores
-How does it analyze errors?
-Does it give an adequate sample?
First 8 phonemes developed
j h m p b d r w
Middle 8 phonemes
t k g ng f v ch dg
Late 8 phoemes
sh th th 3 s z l r
T/F- target stimulable sounds first
Evaluation should start with a ____________
The term "unintelligible child" is used to describe a child under the age of 5
False- any child
What should you do when it is difficult to administer am artic test to a young child with emerging phonology
Ask the parents for more information
Examines the rate of movement of the articulators
T/F- McDonalds deep test of articulation and CPAC assess the phonemes in various contexts and word positions
Refers to written language and most formal type of english spoken
Formal Standard english
Takes into account American-English speaking community and relies on grammatical structure more than pronunciation patterns
Informal standard English
Varieties of spoken American English that are considered outside the continuum of Informal Standard English
Dialects that correspond to geographical locations
Dialects that relate to SES/Ethnic background
Social or Ethnic dialects
Biological label defined in terms of observable physical features and biological (genetic) characteristics
Way of life developed by group of individuals to meet psychosocial needs (ie: values, norms, beliefs, attitudes, behavioral styles, traditions)
Commonalities such as religion, nationality, and region
Specific second language "errors" remain firmly entrenched despite good proficiency in the second language
Approximations of the target language white it is still being learned. Combinations of english and second language that are developmentally appropriate
May not speak as often as they are learning a second language
When a child changes between languages across sentence boundaries
Changing between languages within a sentence
Insertion of a word or phrase from one language to another
Language variations that typify a group of speakers within a language
T/F- Central vowels are part of spanish phonology system
How many syllables are in the word banana?
I'll say the first part of the word, you complete it
Which part of rainbow and raincoat sound the same?
Say "rabbit" now say it without the "ra"
Do 'hop' and 'bop' rhyme?
spoken rhyme recognition
Which does not rhyme: cat, sat, car
recognition of words that do not rhyme
tell me a word that rhymes with dog
spoken rhyme production
'c' 'at' is blended to 'cat'
Which syllable shapes are easiest?
Vowels in prelinguistic stage
E I ^
Vowels in segmental form development
/a/ followed by /u/ and /i/
Oral area most responsive to sensory stimuli
vegetative sounds, crying, quasi-resonant nuclei
raspberries, clicks, laughter, vowel-like productions
1 word utterances
2 word utterances
2-3 word uterances