Phonology Exam #2

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rlwesley
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245514
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Phonology Exam #2
Updated:
2013-11-06 19:32:03
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Lowman
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Phonology
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  1. Determining which word has a different sound
    Phoneme Detection
  2. Which word begins with the same sound as rose?
    Phoneme Matching
  3. Which sound do you hear at the beginning of the word?
    Phoneme isolation
  4. I am going to say a word in a funny way: b-i-g can you tell me which word that is?
    Phoneme Blending
  5. Say toad without the d sound
    phoneme deletion
  6. How many sounds are in the word jeep?
    Phoneme segmentation
  7. Say ball backwards- lab
    Phoneme Reversal
  8. Say meat, now say it again but swap the m and the t
    phoneme manipulation
  9. hot dog becomes dog hot
    spoonerisms
  10. Written phoneme is called a _____________
    grapheme
  11. Do articulation based disorders have an impact on literacy?
    NO
  12. Which placement are among the first to develop
    labials
  13. All vocalizations prior to a childs first words
    Pre-linguistic behavior
  14. T/F: letter knowledge is critical to the development of phonological awareness
    False
  15. Insertion of a sound segment into a word (most typically a schwa)
    epenthesis
  16. T/F- consonant cluster substitution is a later persisting phonological process
    True
  17. Canonical babbling includes _____________ and ______________
    reduplicated babbling and variegated babbling
  18. Collection of data
    appraisal
  19. End result of studying and interpreting data
    Diagnosis
  20. T/F- screening includes diagnosis
    false
  21. Determines presence, type, or severity of disorder
    Evaluation
  22. What is included in the Comprehensive Evaluation?
    • 1. Articulation Test
    • 2. Stimulability Measures
    • 3. Conversation speech sample (intelligibility)
    • 4. Hearing Screening
    • 5. Oral Mech exam
    • 6. Additional testing as warranted
  23. Advantages of Articulation tests
    • -Quick & assesses all phonemes in all positions
    • -Easy to give and score
    • -Standardized & Norm Referenced scores
    • -Quantifiable list of incorrect productions
  24. Disadvantages of Articulation Testing
    • -Only at word level
    • -Once chance to produce phoneme correctly
    • -Not enough info about phonological system
    • -Selected probes
  25. Factors to consider when choosing articulation testing
    • -Appropriateness for age/development
    • -Percentile rank and norm scores
    • -How does it analyze errors?
    • -Does it give an adequate sample?
  26. First 8 phonemes developed
    j  h  m  p  b  d  r  w
  27. Middle 8 phonemes
    t  k  g  ng  f  v  ch  dg
  28. Late 8 phoemes
    sh  th  th  3  s  z  l  r
  29. T/F- target stimulable sounds first
    false
  30. Evaluation should start with a ____________
    hearing screening
  31. The term "unintelligible child" is used to describe a child under the age of 5
    False- any child
  32. What should you do when it is difficult to administer am artic test to a young child with emerging phonology
    Ask the parents for more information
  33. Examines the rate of movement of the articulators
    Diadochokinetic rates
  34. T/F- McDonalds deep test of articulation and CPAC assess the phonemes in various contexts and word positions
    True
  35. Refers to written language and most formal type of english spoken
    Formal Standard english
  36. Takes into account American-English speaking community and relies on grammatical structure more than pronunciation patterns
    Informal standard English
  37. Varieties of spoken American English that are considered outside the continuum of Informal Standard English
    Vernacular Dialects
  38. Dialects that correspond to geographical locations
    Regional Dialects
  39. Dialects that relate to SES/Ethnic background
    Social or Ethnic dialects
  40. Biological label defined in terms of observable physical features and biological (genetic) characteristics
    Race
  41. Way of life developed by group of individuals to meet psychosocial needs (ie: values, norms, beliefs, attitudes, behavioral styles, traditions)
    Culture
  42. Commonalities such as religion, nationality, and region
    Ethnicity
  43. Specific second language "errors" remain firmly entrenched despite good proficiency in the second language
    Fossilization
  44. Approximations of the target language white it is still being learned.  Combinations of english and second language that are developmentally appropriate
    Interlanguage
  45. May not speak as often as they are learning a second language
    Silent Period
  46. When a child changes between languages across sentence boundaries
    code switching
  47. Changing between languages within a sentence
    Code mixing
  48. Insertion of a word or phrase from one language to another
    Borrowed Words
  49. Language variations that typify a group of speakers within a language
    dialect
  50. T/F- Central vowels are part of spanish phonology system
    false
  51. How many syllables are in the word banana?
    Syllable segmentation
  52. I'll say the first part of the word, you complete it
    syllable completion
  53. Which part of rainbow and raincoat sound the same?
    Syllable identity
  54. Say "rabbit" now say it without the "ra"
    Syllable deletion
  55. Do 'hop' and 'bop' rhyme?
    spoken rhyme recognition
  56. Which does not rhyme: cat, sat, car
    recognition of words that do not rhyme
  57. tell me a word that rhymes with dog
    spoken rhyme production
  58. 'c' 'at' is blended to 'cat'
    onset-rhyme blending
  59. Which syllable shapes are easiest?
    CV, CVC
  60. Vowels in prelinguistic stage
    E  I  ^
  61. Vowels in segmental form development
    /a/ followed by /u/ and /i/
  62. Birth
    Oral area most responsive to sensory stimuli
  63. 0-2 months
    vegetative sounds, crying, quasi-resonant nuclei
  64. 2-4 months
    raspberries, clicks, laughter, vowel-like productions
  65. 4-6 months
    vocal play
  66. 6+ months
    Canonical babbling
  67. 10 months
    Jargon, PCF
  68. 12 months
    First words
  69. 12-24 months
    1 word utterances
  70. 18-24 months
    2 word utterances
  71. 24-36 months
    2-3 word uterances

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