HSCI 003 Chatper 11 Abbreviations

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tgherasim
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245519
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HSCI 003 Chatper 11 Abbreviations
Updated:
2013-11-06 19:02:08
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Medical Terminology
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Abbreviations for the cardiac system
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  1. ACE Inhibitors
    • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor
    • Reduces high blood pressure and the risk of future heart attacks, even if the patient is not hypertensive.
  2. ACLS
    • Advanced Cardiac Life Support
    • CPR plus drugs and defibrillation.
  3. ADP
    • Adenosine Diphosphate
    • The blockers are used to prevent cardi-vascular related death, heart attack, and strokes after all stent procedures.
  4. AED
    • Automatic External Defibrillators
    • Found in public places; used in an emergency situation to reverse ventricular fibrillation.
  5. AF
    • Atrial Fibrillation
    • The most common type of cardiac arrhythmia.
    • Electrical impulses move randomly throughout the atria causing it to quiver instead of contracting in a coordinated rhythm.
    • People who have it are at risk for a stroke.
  6. AICD, ICD
    • Automatic Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator
    • Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator
    • Brief charges of electricity are applied across the chest to stop dysrhythmias.
  7. AMI
    Acute Myocardial Infarction
  8. AS
    Aortic Stenosis
  9. ASD
    Atrial Septal Defect
  10. AV
    Atrioventricular
  11. BBB
    Bundle Branch Block
  12. BNP
    • Brain Natriuretic Peptide
    • Elevated in patients with heart failure and useful in CHF diagnosis.
  13. BP
    Blood Pressure
  14. CABG
    • Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
    • Arteries and veins are anastomosed to coronary arteries to detour around blockages.
  15. CAD
    • Coronary Artery Disease
    • Disease of the arteries surrounding the heart.
    • Usually the result of atherosclerosis.
  16. CCU
    Coronary Care Unit
  17. Cath.
    Catheterization
  18. CHF
    • Congestive Heart Failure
    • Heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood.
    • Systolic CHF: left ventricular dysfunction results in low ejection fraction; less blood from the heart.
    • Diastolic CHF: Heart contracts normally ┬ábut is less compliant when relaxed or filled with blood.
  19. CK
    • Creatine Kinase
    • Released into the blood stream after injury to the heart or skeletal muscles.
  20. CPR
    Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  21. CV
    Cardiovascular
  22. CVA
    • Cerebrovascular Accident
    • Stroke.
  23. CVP
    Central Venous Pressure
  24. DSA
    • Digital Subtraction Angiography
    • Video equipment and a computer produce x-ray images of blood vessels.
  25. DVT
    • Deep Vein Thrombosis
    • Blood clot forms in a large vein, usually in a lower limb.
    • Could result in Pulmonary Embolism.
  26. ECG
    • Electrocardiography
    • Recording of the electricity flowing through the heart.
  27. ECHO
    • Echocardiography
    • Echoes generated by high-frequency sound waves produce images of the heart.
  28. ECMO
    • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
    • A technique used in a heart-lung machine that diverts blood from the heart and lungs while the heart is repaired.
  29. ETT
    • Exercise Tolerance Test
    • Determines the heart's response to physical exertion.
  30. HDL
    • High-Density Lipoprotein
    • High levels protect adults from atherosclerosis; exercise, alcohol, and estrogen can increase it.
  31. HTN
    • Hypertension
    • High blood pressure
  32. LDL
    • Low-Density Lipoprotein
    • High levels are associated with atherosclerosis.
  33. LA
    Left Atrium
  34. LV
    Left Ventricle
  35. LVH
    Left Ventrical Hypertrophy
  36. MI
    Myocardial Infarction
  37. MVP
    • Mitral Valve Prolapse
    • Improper closure of the mitral valve.
  38. NSR
    Normal Sinus Rhythm
  39. PAC
    Premature Atrial Contraction
  40. PDA
    • Patent Ductus Arteriosus
    • Passageway between the aorta and the pulmonary artery remains open after birth.
  41. PET
    • Positron Emission Tomography scan
    • Images show blood flow and myocardial function following uptake of radioactive glucose.
  42. PVC
    Premature Ventricle Contraction
  43. RA
    Right Atrium
  44. RV
    Right Ventricle
  45. SA
    Sinoatrial Node
  46. SOB
    Shortness Of Breath
  47. Tc
    Total Cholesterol
  48. TEE
    Transesophageal Echocardiography
  49. TPA
    • Tissue-Type Plasminogen Activator
    • A drug used to prevent thrombosis.
  50. VFib, VF
    • Ventricular Fibrillation
    • Electrical impulses move randomly throughout throughout the ventricles.
    • could result in cardiac death or cardiac arrest.
  51. VSD
    Ventricular Septal Defect
  52. VTac, TC
    Ventrical Tachycardia

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