American Society: Test 2

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  1. 2 factors of stratification
    • persists over generations
    • involves inequality and beliefs
  2. the multidimentional view of stratification
    Composed of wealth and income, prestige and power
  3. marx on class and capitalism
    • defined class in terms of it relationship to production
    • benefits of productivity goes to owners, leaving to worker's revolt
  4. underestimates of stratification
    • our culture emphasizes individuality and  autonomy
    • we tend to interact with people like ourselves
  5. conflict theory in terms of inequality
    inequality is the result of exploitation of others by those with more resources
  6. contributing factors to the shrinking middle class
    • less opportunites for those with little education
    • global competition and rapid technological advances
    • growing dependance on temporary workforce
  7. class and difference in terms of politics
    higher income people are more likely to vote and join political organizations
  8. the economic record from 1940 to 1970
    • growth that occurred was for those at top
    • increased productivity did not mean increased compensation
    • fewer middle class jobs created
    • financial industry prospered
  9. factors of deindustrilization
    • aging technology made companies vulnerable to global competition
    • rise in automation led to cuts in jobs for blue collar workers
    • rise in consumer society favored foreign manufacturers
  10. decline of the union
    • strong anti union movement of the 1970s
    • viewed as communists during red scare
    • temporary workers were not likely to join
  11. working in America and "scientific management"
    • employees hired and fired at will
    • no longer are job security and high pensions guaranteed for high productivity
  12. functionalist perspective on family
    meets the need to socialize children and reproduce
  13. conflict theory on family
    • reinforces and supports power relations in society
    • physical force or control over economic resources by men
  14. exchange theory on family
    women choose to exchange households and childcare in exchange for men's income and vice versa
  15. conservative view on family
    • stresses marriage and child bearing
    • disapproves of cohabitation, single mothers, gay marriage, divorce abortion
  16. generational belonging
    • identification with specific decades, music and culture
    • reacts to prior generation and looks at next skeptically
  17. generational markers
    social, technological, economic, political, cultural transmission
  18. markers of gen X
    Vietnam, watergate, mtv
  19. cultural transmission of gen X
    peers and mass media
  20. values of gen X
    desire to balance lives, diversity, motivated by money, embraces personal computer and internet
  21. values of millenials
    globally oriented, exercise, body adornment (self expression)
  22. consequences of subruban segregation
    • political isolation
    • linguistic isolation
    • poverty concentration
    • educational exclusion
    • adaption of oppositional culture
    • greater health risks
  23. sacred vs profane
    sacred is beyond oursleves, profane is the ordinary, everyday
  24. manifest function of religion
    religion defines spiritual world (stated)
  25. latent function of religion
    providing a social group for unmarried members (hidden purpose)
  26. four social functions of religion from functionalist perspective
    • legitimate social arrangement
    • provide social unity
    • provide a sense of meaning
    • provide a sense of belonging
  27. conflict theory and religion
    • religion serves ruling elites by legitimizing status quo
    • religion makes people apathetic to their plight
  28. symbolic interactionalism and religion
    explains the meaning religion holds for people
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American Society: Test 2
american society
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