AMH Terminology Quiz 4

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AMH Terminology Quiz 4
2013-11-07 03:12:57
american history

american history terminology
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  1. Imperialism
    imposition of military, political, and economic control over another nation or people
  2. American exceptionalism
    the belief that the U.S., as the first modern republic, has a mission and destiny distinct from that of all other nations
  3. Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
    the 1904 assertion by President Roosevelt that the U.S. would act as a "policeman" in the Caribbean region and intervene in the affairs of nations that were guilty of "wrongdoing or impotence" in order to protect U.S. interests in Latin America
  4. Open Door notes
    a document sent by U.S. Secretary of State John Hay to Japan, Russia, Germany, and France in 1899 claiming the right of equal trade for all nations that wanted to do business in China
  5. League of Nations
    the international organization bringing together world governments, proposed by President Woodrow Wilson in the aftermath of WWI, became United Nations
  6. Fourteen Points
    principles for a new world order proposed in 1919 by President Wilson as a basis for peace negotiations at Versailles
  7. Welfare capitalism
    a system of labor relations that stresses management's responsibility for employees' well-being; stock plan, health care, and pensions
  8. Ideology
    a systematic philosophy or political theory that purports to explain the character of the social world or to prescribe a set of values or beliefs
  9. Dollar diplomacy
    policy adopted by President Taft connecting U.S. economic and political interests overseas; businesses would gain from diplomatic efforts, and the strengthened American economic presence overseas would give added leverage to American diplomacy
  10. Nativism
    antiforeign sentiment in the U.S. that fueled anti-immigrant and immigration-restriction policies against the Irish and Germans in the 1840s and 1850s, the Chinese and Japanese in the 1880s and 1890s, and Mexicans in the 1990s
  11. Pan-Africanism
    the political argument that people of African descent, in all parts of the world, face related problems such as racial discrimination and share common goals
  12. Oligopoly
    in economics, the situation in which a given industry is dominated by a small number of large-scale companies
  13. Business cycle
    the periodic rise and fall of business activity characteristic of market-driven capitalist economies
  14. Soft power
    in diplomacy, the influence of US cultural institutions, particularly those with broad popular appeal; movies and music
  15. Anarchism
    a philosophy advocating the revolutionary creation of a stateless society. anarchists believe that government of any kind is unnecessary and undesirable
  16. Assimilation
    the absorption of dominant cultural values and customs by a minority group
  17. Xenophobia
    fear of foreigners and foreign cultures
  18. Red scare
    the fear of communism that swept the country first after WWI and again after WWII
  19. Social-welfare liberalism
    the liberal ideology implemented in the U.S. during the New Deal of the 1930s and the Great Society of the 1960s; pensions, unemployment compensation, and tax breaks
  20. Deficit spending
    high government spending in excess of tax revenues; the practice is based on the ideas of British economist John Maynard Keynes
  21. Keynesian economics
    the theory, developed by British economist John Maynard Keynes in the 1930s, that purposeful gov't intervention in the economy can affect the level of overall economic activity and thereby prevent severe depressions and runaway inflation
  22. Imperial presidency
    the far-reaching use (sometimes abuse) of executive authority during the second half of the 20th century; especially the centralization of war-making powers, domestic surveillance and overseas espionage