Industrial Revolution 11-7-13

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  1. Positive effects of industrialization
    More goods were available at a lower price

    Middle class gained wealth

    Railroads improved transportation

    Unions are formed to try to protect workers rights
  2. Negative effects of industrialization
    Cities were overcrowded, dirty, and unsanitary

    Disease was widespread

    Factory wages were higher than farm wages, but still extremely low

    Factory employees worked 60-84 hours per week

    Women and children worked in factories and mines for even less money

    Factory and mine conditions were extremely dangerous

    Factory workers who were injured on the job had no healthcare or job protection
  3. What percentage of the work force was under 14?
  4. How were children punished for being late or not working?
    Weights or whipping
  5. Why did children work these kinds of jobs
    More money for family
  6. Disease from tainted water
  7. A massive change in the way goods were produced from human labor to machines
    Industrial Revolution
  8. Energy sources developed to power new machinery
    Water, steam, electricity, oil (gas, kerosene)
  9. Metals and minerals used
    Aluminum, coal, copper, iron
  10. Hand tools


    Small hand tools owned by worker

    Small level of production

    Sold only to local market

    Manufactured on a per-order basis

    Worker manufactured entire item

    Worker worked as much as he/she would and could, according to demand

    Workers had multiple sources of sustenance - other employers, own own garden or farm, and outside farm labor
    Domestic System
  11. Machines


    Large power-driven machines owned by the capitalist

    Large level of production

    Sold to a worldwide market

    Manufactured in anticipation of demand

    Worker typically made one part of the larger whole

    Worker worked set daily hours

    Worker relied entirely on capitalist for his/her income - urban living made personal farming and gardening impractical
    Factory system
  12. A massive increase in the amount of food produced

    Led to a population explosion, which created a need for more goods
    The agricultural revolution
  13. Farmers left 1/3 of the land fallow each year to restore fertility to the soil
    Three-field system
  14. Unfenced farms with few improvements made to the land
    Open-field system
  15. The use of farm machinery meant that ___ were needed
    Fewer farm workers
  16. Displaced farm workers moved to the cities to find work in factories
    Rural - to - urban migration
  17. Ended the three-field system by illustrating how planting different crops in the same field each year kept the soil from becoming exhausted
    Crop rotation by Lord Townshend
  18. First to scientifically breed farm animals for increased production of, and better quality, beef, milk, wool, etc.
    Scientific breeding by Robert Bakewell
  19. Planted seeds in straight rows as opposed to scattering them over a field
    Seed drill by Jethro Tull
  20. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England?
    Capital for investing in the means of production

    Colonies and markets for manufactured goods

    A powerful navy

    Surplus of workers


    Raw materials
  21. Colonies gave England ___
    Access to enormous markets and vast amounts of raw materials
  22. Utilitarians
    Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill
  23. Utilitarianism
    The goal of society is the greatest good for the greatest number

    There is a role to play for government intervention to provide some social safety net
  24. The socialists
    Utopians and Marxists
  25. Socialism
    People as a society would operate and own the means of production, not individuals

    Their goal was a society that benefited everyone, not just the rich

    Tried to build utopias
  26. Why was slavery abolished in the colonies in 1832
    To raise wages in Britain
  27. Sadler commision
    To look into working condition
  28. Factory Act 1833
    Child labor
  29. Reform bill 1832
    Broadens the vote for the cities
  30. New poor law
    Indoor relief
Card Set:
Industrial Revolution 11-7-13
2013-11-07 10:03:16
Social Studies

Social Studies
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