2nd Mini CPE

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Author:
LRussellCVT
ID:
245686
Filename:
2nd Mini CPE
Updated:
2013-11-07 14:38:54
Tags:
Bel Rea CPE Clinical Proficiency Exam
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Description:
Veterinary Science III & IV Pharmacology Radiology Anesthesia Clinical Chemistry Large Animal
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  1. What is the above arrythmia?
    What is the treatment?
    • PVC: Pre Ventricular Complex
    • TX: Decrease anesthetic gas, increase ventilations

  2. What is the above arrhythmia?
    What is the treatment?
    • V Tach: Ventricular Tachycardia
    • TX: Lidocaine

  3. What is the above arrhythmia?
    What is the treatment?
    • V Fib: Ventricular Fibrillation
    • TX: Defibrillation or CPCR

  4. What is the above arrhythmia?
    Asystole

  5. What is the above arrhythmia?
    What is the Treatment?
    • Sinus Tachycardia
    • TX: Deepen anesthetic plan, increase Oxygen Flow

  6. What is the above arrhythmia?
    What is the treatment?
    • Sinus Bradycardia
    • TX: Atropine

  7. What is the above arrhythmia?
    Define the type of arrhythmia?
    What species is it normal in?
    What is the treatment?
    • 1st Degree AV Block
    • Delay in conduction between the P wave and the QRS Complex
    • Normal in horses
    • TX: None

  8. What is the above arrhythmia?
    Define the type of arrhythmia?
    What is the treatment?
    • 2nd Degree AV Block
    • P waves without QRS complex
    • TX: Atropine

  9. What is the above arrhythmia?
    Define the type of arrhythmia?
    What is the treatment?
    • Third Degree AV Block
    • Have more than one lone P wave in consecutive sessions.
    • TX: Pacemaker
  10. What are a few families of injectable anesthetics?
    Give examples.
    • Barbituates (Phenobarb, thiopental)
    • Cyclohexamines (Ketamine, Tiletamine)
    • Propofol¬†
    • Guiafenesin (Gecolate)
    • Etomidate (Amidate)
    • Neuroleptoanalgesia (Ace & Oxymorphone)
  11. What are 3 common sites for equine arterial catheterization?
    • 1. Dorsal metatarsal
    • 2. Submandibular artery
    • 3. Facial artery
  12. What size reservoir bags would you use for the following?
    Foals:
    Adult Equine:
    • Foals: 15L
    • Adults: 30L
  13. What is the Oxygen flow for horses?
    • 8-12L O2/min for the first 10 minutes
    • Reduce to 3-6L O2/min for remaining
  14. What two types of gas anesthetic would be used for equine anesthesia?
    • Halothane
    • Sevoflurane
  15. What size ET tubes would you use for the following?
    Adult Equines:
    Foals:
    Draft Horses:
    • Adult Equines: 26mm
    • Foals: 14mm
    • Draft Horses: 30mm
  16. What should an ECG be for a horse?
    Do horses have any arrhythmias that are normal?
    • 30-40bpm
    • First & Second Degree AV Block
  17. What should an equine systolic blood pressure be?
    Diastolic?
    Mean?
    • Systolic: >90mmHg
    • Diastolic: >40mmHg
    • Mean: >70mmHg
  18. For the preanesthetic drugs what family of drug do you avoid for equines? Why?
    Anticholinergics due to their decrease of GI motility; colic
  19. Why do we try not to use Ace in stallions?
    Permanent Penile Prolapse
  20. What antibiotic is used on horses that is risky? Where does it HAVE to be administered?
    • PPG (Procain Pen G)
    • IM ONLY
  21. For equine induction what drugs are used?
    • Cyclohexamine (Ketamine)
    • Barbituates (Thiopental)
    • Triple Drip (Ketamine, Xylazine, Guiafenesin)
  22. What 3 types of recovery are available for horses?
    • 1. Free recovery
    • 2. Assisted Recovery - most common, ropes used to keep horse in standing position
    • 3. Water Recovery - antigravity, expensive

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