Global History - Aims 8-15 Test

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  1. Which two features dominate the Greek landscape?
    Mountains and bodies of water
  2. Why were irregular coastlines so helpful?
    They provided many good, natural harbors
  3. What did the mountains lead to in Greece?
    Isolated and independent city-states
  4. What did the seas and coast of Greece lead to?
    They provided a link to the outside world through trading, which brought on cultural diffusion.
  5. Minoans believed in _____ while Mycenaeans believed in _____.
    • Minoans - peace
    • Mycenaeans - war
  6. What civilization can be considered the true root of Greek culture?
  7. Where was the Minoan civilization located?
    The island of Crete
  8. The city-state of Mycenae was located on _____.
    The mainland of Greece
  9. What is a monarchy? How did it develop?
    Monarchy's have one ruler and armed forces to carry out the rules. It sprung up first because it was the easiest to establish.
  10. What is an oligarchy? Why did it develop?
    An oligarchical government is ruled by a small group of wealthy aristocrats. It developed because they wanted more power and decisions that would benefit themselves.
  11. What is a tyranny? How did it develop?
    A tyranny is a government that has been seized by illegal means. Normally, a ruler with a strong army invades a city and takes over control.
  12. What is a democracy? How did it develop?
    A democracy is a government that is controlled by the people (although not necessarily every citizen is allowed to vote). Many develop because of the citizen's dissatisfaction in their tyrant leaders.
  13. Which city-state's revolt began the Persian War? Why did they revolt? Who aided them?
    The Ionians revolted because they wanted independence from Persia. Athens aided their revolt.
  14. Which leader of Persia sought revenge on the Greek city-states? Which one was he particularly angry at?
    Persian King Darius sought revenge at Athens.
  15. What did Athens gain from the Delian League?
    Wealth and influence. They used this to rebuild the parthenon and enter a golden age.
  16. What was the premise of the Delian League?
    Athens offered naval protection to the Greek city-states in exchange for money (to "maintain their ships").
  17. How did Sparta react to the Delian League?
    Tensions broke out between Athens and Sparta. They formed their own league of city-states, the Peloponnesian League. War broke out between Athens and Sparta. (The Peloponnesian War)
  18. What was the outcome of the Peloponnesian War? What did this pave the way for?
    Sparta defeated Athens. All of the city-states were weakened by this, and none could ever reach the power that Athens experienced during its golden age. This paved the way for Alexander and Macedonia to take over.
  19. Which decision made by Athens led to their defeat in the Peloponnesian War? Who suffered because of it?
    Athens' decision to build a protective wall around the city led to the spread of disease and plague. This wiped out ⅓ of the population and killed their leader, Pericles.
  20. What was Socrates' famous quote?
    "The unexamined life is not worth living"
  21. What was Aristotle's famous quote?
    "Nature does nothing in vain"
  22. What does the Socratic Method do?
    Asks a series of guided questions that leads the student to perform a self-realization of a problem. This makes the student understand the answer because they believe that they came to the conclusion on their own.
  23. Why did the Socratic Method represent a dynamic shift from previous thinking?
    It brought the search for meaning down from the heavens to Earth.
  24. Why was Socrates put to death?
    He was a critic of the Athenian government. They believed he was "corrupting the youth"
  25. What did Aristotle use to come to conclusions?
    He used his senses to discover the laws that govern the physical world.
  26. What is a golden age?
    A period of great wealth, relative peace, and a greater than usual number of talented individuals in a given place.
  27. What type of government did Athens have? What type did Sparta have?
    • Athens - Democracy
    • Sparta - Oligarchy (two kings)
  28. What were helots?
    Spartan slaves. They outnumbered the population of free Spartan citizens.
  29. Who was Pericles?
    The leader during the "Golden Age"
  30. Who was Socrates?
    Greek philosopher. He questioned everyone and everything.
  31. Who was Aristotle?
    Greek philosopher. Questioned what the world was made up of through observations and not faith in gods.
  32. What did Athenian culture value?
    Appreciation of arts. They wanted to train the mind as well as the body.
  33. What did Spartan culture value?
    The military (to control the slave population). They were anti-intellectual and thought there was no use for philosophers.
  34. How were men treated in Athens?
    At the age of 18 they had a role in the government.
  35. What is active citizenship?
    All males who could vote had to because they had a responsibility to their people even if they didn't have a specific government role.
  36. How did Sparta treat their men?
    All boys at the age of 7 on went to train for the army.
  37. How did Athens treat their women?
    They had no political or legal rights. They were taught how to be good wives and mothers.
  38. How did Sparta treat their women?
    They had political and legal rights equal to the men, because they were home while the men were at the army.
  39. What is this Greek sculpture called?Image Upload 1
    "The Discus Thrower" or "Diskobolus"
  40. What is this Greek sculpture called?
    Image Upload 2
    "Winged Victory of Samothrace" or "Nike of Samothrace"
  41. Did Greek art represent the real or ideal?
    Ideal. They thought art should be a representation of perfection.
  42. What did the Greeks value in their art?
    Simplicity, balance, and elegance.
  43. What are these structures called?Image Upload 3
  44. What is this part of the Parthenon called?Image Upload 4
    The Pediment.
  45. What is this part of the Parthenon called?Image Upload 5
    The Frieze.
  46. Why could Alexander the Great be considered a hero?
    • He had military genius and bravery.
    • He did not plunder conquered lands.
    • He let subjects continue to practice their own beliefs.
    • He founded over 20 new cities.
  47. Why could Alexander the Great be considered a villain?
    • He often got drunk and made careless mistakes or decisions that led to many of his own soldiers dying.
    • He failed to chose a successor to his throne.
    • He was brutal to his troops.
    • He neglected his own kingdom.
    • He had emotional outbursts at times.
    • He was vain and believed he was a god.
  48. Why was Egypt important to Alexander?
    It had fertile soil that he could use to plant crops and feed his army.
  49. What is the definition of hellenism?
    Hellenism - to imitate the Greeks.
  50. What did Alexander use to spread Greek culture?
    Alexander used cities to spread Greek culture, by building theaters which could serve as advertisements of Greek life and building agoras in cities.
  51. What is an agora?
    A marketplace that served as the center of Greek life. People shopped and communicated here.
  52. What happened to the cultures of places that Alexander invaded?
    They were allowed to keep their own customs, but they adopted and incorporated Greek culture into their lives.
Card Set
Global History - Aims 8-15 Test
Flash cards for Mr. Trocchio's Global History class.
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