terms related to arthropathies and dentofacial anomalies - chapter 3
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abnormal condition of a joint; may be hemarthrosis, hydrarthrosis, or pyarthrosis (blood, fluid or pus respectively, in a joint cavity)
fairly common, painful enlargement and inflammation of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. (the base of the great toe). Also called hallux valgus
chronic fixation of a joint in flexion (such as a finger) caused by atrophy and shortening of muscle fibers after a long period of disuse
cracking sound heard in joints
type of arthritis due to excessive uric acid that causes crystals to form. The joints then become swollen and inflammed
***joint disease characterized by degenerative articular cartilage and a wearing down of the bones' edges at a joint; considered a "wear and tear" disorder. Also called degenerative joint disease
abnormal bone growth in a joint. Bouchard nodes are osteophytes of the proximal interphalangeal joints in rheumatoid arthritis
***Inflammatory joint disease believed to be autoimmune in nature; occurs in a much younger population (ages 20 - 45) that OA.
***rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
dysfunctional temporomandibular joint, accompanied with gnathalgia
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