terms related to arthropathies and dentofacial anomalies - chapter 3

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herangelwings
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245702
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terms related to arthropathies and dentofacial anomalies - chapter 3
Updated:
2013-11-07 16:06:06
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IBS 102
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chapter 3
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  1. abnormal condition of a joint; may be hemarthrosis, hydrarthrosis, or pyarthrosis (blood, fluid or pus respectively, in a joint cavity)
    arthrosis
  2. fairly common, painful enlargement and inflammation of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. (the base of the great toe). Also called hallux valgus
    bunion
  3. chronic fixation of a joint in flexion (such as a finger) caused by atrophy and shortening of muscle fibers after a long period of disuse
    contracture
  4. cracking sound heard in joints
    crepitus
  5. type of arthritis due to excessive uric acid that causes crystals to form. The joints then become swollen and inflammed
    gout
  6. ***joint disease characterized by degenerative articular cartilage and a wearing down of the bones' edges at a joint; considered a "wear and tear" disorder. Also called degenerative joint disease
    ***osteoarthritis
  7. abnormal bone growth in a joint. Bouchard nodes are osteophytes of the proximal interphalangeal joints in rheumatoid arthritis
    osteophytosis
  8. ***Inflammatory joint disease believed to be autoimmune in nature; occurs in a much younger population (ages 20 - 45) that OA.
    ***rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  9. dysfunctional temporomandibular joint, accompanied with gnathalgia
    TMJ

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