ARCH

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Anonymous
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245727
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ARCH
Updated:
2013-11-07 18:58:37
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test notes
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test notes
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  1. 3 indications of Genetic Variability in sub-Saharan Africa
    Blood Groups, MtDNA, Y-Chromosone
  2. What tools did early  Hominine use
    • Fire
    • Spears
    • Ocre
  3. How many different Races are there?
    approximately 5
  4. Addelar
    6 ka, earliest skull with negroid afrotropical morphology
  5. unique human traits
    bipedal walking, speech, deliberate stone tool making/use
  6. why did it take so long for human migration to America and Australia
    • America: had to straddle the arctic 
    • Australia: had to cross topics/water
  7. Eskimo Aleut:
    Population after 300 BC, represent 3rd/final movement from Siberia into Alaska/Northern Canada
  8. Effects of Food production on humans
    • Population growth
    • sedentism
    • land ownership
    • rise of rank
  9. Liberbandkeramik (LBK)
    First true farming communities/Neolithic culture
  10. Bell Beaker
    people/culture/complex/phenomenon, funerary: single graves with weaponry ornaments, beaker pots
  11. changes of neolithic revolution
    • permanent settlements
    • concept of land owndership
    • ability to sustain higher population
    • increased reliance on vegetable and cereal food
    • less egalitarian society
  12. Domestication of Maize
    early domestication in meso-america, highlands of mexico
  13. Strontium isotopes
    • used to examine human mobility
    • preserved in skeletal tissue reflects human geology
    • bedrock->soil->plants->animals->human teeth/bones
    • does not remodel one mineralised, acts a signature  teeth with different signature to environment found indicate migration/mobility
  14. Characteristics of Naqada 1
    • built reed boats (trade)
    • had stone tools with ivory handles
    • cold hammer copper
    • draughtsmanship textiles
  15. What was significant about This/abydos
    • location of Tomb-UJ: found 150 scrolls
    • dominate city:unified valley under rule
  16. Characteristics of early egyptian cities
    • rulled by dynasty of chieftains
    • monumental architecture
    • courts
    • maintained contact with people beyond valley
    • "central place" for defence and communal ctivities
  17. Narmer Pallet
    pallet depicting unification of upper and lower Egypts, found in site of Neken city
  18. When did dynastic period begin?
    unification of upper and lower Egypt 3050 marks first dynasty
  19. Characteristics of old Kingdom Egypt
    Massive Irrigation projects saw agricultural peek, first pyramids (6 mastabas tombs built on top of one and other
  20. Early Dynastic Period (Egypt)
    leadership undertook administrative and building projects, large scale irrigation and food distribution, trade regulated, hieroglyphics developed
  21. 1st Intermediate period (Egypt)
    2140-2040 BC "Dark time", administration fell into caos, country splintered into dozed chiefdoms, kingship eliminated
  22. Middle Kingdom
    2040-1640, stability returned: establishment if 11th dynasty, trade, irrigation and libraries restored
  23. 2nd Intermediate period
    1640-1550 BC, umber of foreigners (Hekakwaswt) increased and gained control of egypt, ruled series of small kingdoms
  24. New kingdom
    • 1550-1070
    • Ahmose builds forts around egypt to protect it from foreign invasion
    • Eqgypt conquers Syria and Palestine
  25. Hareshepsut
    Female Pharo, rules 20 years, built Hatsheputs temple at Deir-wl-Bahri which established valley of kings as traditional royal burial ground
  26. Akhenaten
    revolutionary pharo, changed Art style, father of Tutankhamen
  27. Tutenkhamen
    • 12th King of 18th Dynasty, reversed several changes of his father:
    • ended worship of aten
    • restored privileges to Amun preiests
    • moved capital back to Thebes
  28. Hittites Peace Treaty
    first documented peace treaty, between Egypians and Hittites following war about Hittites expanding influence and Syria and Plaestine
  29. 3rd Intermediate
    1070-770 BC, more than one capital as Tanise rose as power center, time of fractured peace and rise of individual wealth

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