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What are two types of fictional narratives?
- mimesis (showing)
- diegesis (telling)
What does mimesis mean?
- the province of the live theater, where the events "tell themselves"
What does diegesis mean?
- the province of the literary epic and the novel, is a story told by a narrator who is sometimes reliable and sometimes not.
Narratology refers to...
a study of how stories work, how we make sense of the raw materials of a narrative, and how we fit them together to form a coherent whole
(1)___________ is also the study of different (2)_________ structures, storytelling strategies, aesthetic conventions, types of story genres, and their symbolic implications
- 1. Narratology
- 2. narrative
In traditional terms, narratologists are interested in the (1)"________" of storytelling; that is the (2)_____ that "message senders" use to communication with "message receivers."
In American cinema, the traditional term of a narratologist is a problem because...
a film is not created by a single storyteller and is instead a collaboration pieced together by the producers, directors, writers and stars.
The narration of a (1)_________ film has the implied author nearly (2)_________ as the events (3)"_____ for __________ , unfolding on its own and in a (4)_____________ ordered sequence.
- 1. realistic2. invisible
- 3."speak for themselves"
For the narration of (1)_________ structures, the audience is generally aware of a shaping hand in the storyline. Gaps that would otherwise be boring, are edited out by a (2)________ storyteller, who keeps a (3)___ profile yet still keeps the action on track, moving toward a specific destination - the resolution of the story's central conflict.
- 1. classical
- 2. discrete
- 3. low
In (1)___________ narratives, the author is overtly manipulative, sometimes scrambling the (2)__________ of the story or (3)___________ or (4)_____________ events to maximize a thematic idea.
- 1. formalistic
- 2. chronology
- 3. heightening
- 4. restructuring
Narratology is often (1)______, and occasionally (2)________________, because of its (3)________ language and (4)______.
- 1. arcane
- 2. incomprehensible
- 3. abstract
- 4. jargon
What is the difference between a story and it's plot structure can be expressed in what ways?
- Story v Discourse (favored by Americans)
- Histoire v Discours
- Mythos v Logos
- Fabula v Syuzhet
What is the difference between story and plot?
- Story: general subject matter, raw materials of a dramatic action in chronological sequence
- Plot: the storyteller's method of superimposing a structural pattern over the story
(1)____ involves the implied author's (2)_____ of ____ as well as the (3)___________ of the scenes into an (4)_________ pattern.
- 1. Plot
- 2. point of view
- 3. structuring
- 4. aesthetic
In the American cinema, the (1)_____ reigns supreme, while all the other language systems are subordinated to the (2)____.
Narrational strategies are determined by _____.
Film narratives that thrive on suspense will deliberately withhold (1)___________, forcing us to (2)_____ and (3)____ in the (4)______.
- 1. information
- 2. guess
- 3. fill
- 4. blanks
Film narratives about a romantic comedy has the expectation of what the (1)_______ will be in advance; however, the emphasis is on (2)___ boy wins girl (or vice versa) and not if he or she wins.
Our _____ knowledge of a film's star also defines its narrative parameters.
With personality stars, the audience can guess the (1)_________ nature of a film's narrative in (2)_______.
Audiences (1)_____ a film in (2)_______ by the (3)____________ of its title.
- 1. judge
- 2. advance
- 3. connotation
The more (1)_______ the plot, the more (2)_______ the audience must be - sorting, sifting, weighting new evidence, inferring motives and explanations, ever suspicious of being taken off guard.