psychology ch. 9 child development part 1 (nature versus nurture, piaget, object permanence, harlow'

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mikepl103
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245746
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psychology ch. 9 child development part 1 (nature versus nurture, piaget, object permanence, harlow'
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2013-11-07 21:22:22
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psychology child development part nature versus nurture piaget object permanence harlow monkey
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psychology ch. 9 child development part 1 (nature versus nurture, piaget, object permanence, harlow's monkey)
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  1. what is a longitudinal study?
    changes observed in an individual over time
  2. what is a cross sectional study?
    different ages are observed at the same time
  3. What can be one negative consequence of cross sectional study?
    cohort effect
  4. what is piaget's theory of cognitive development?
    children develop a schema for objects (such as banging). They then assimilate other objects for that schema (banging other objects). When they encounter an object that doesn't fit the schema, they accommodate for that conflict
  5. what are piaget's stages of cognitive development?
    sensorimotor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational stage, formal operational stage
  6. What occurs during the sensorimotor stage?
    the infant explores the world through direct sensory and motor contact. object permanence and separation anxiety develop during this stage.
  7. what occurs during the preoperational stage?
    child is able to use symbols (images and language) but cannot reason logically. Child may become egocentric and the child has the ability to pretend
  8. concrete operational stage
    the child is able to think logically about concrete objects and understands conservation
  9. formal operational stage
    child is able to reason abstractly and think hypothetically
  10. what does imaginary audience mean?
    the belief that all eyes are on you all the time
  11. what does personal fable mean?
    the belief that you are unique and you are invincible
  12. Elkind believed that adolescents become ______ like they were in the preoperational stage
    egocentric
  13. what where kohlberg's stages of moral reasoning?
    preconventional, conventional, post-conventional
  14. preconventional stage of moral reasoning
    base moral judgements on consequences of behavior
  15. conventional stage of moral reasoning
    moral reasoning is based on conformity with conventional rules of right and wrong

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