Cardio Drugs

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  1. Nitroglycerin
    • Use: Angina attacks and prophylaxis
    • Action: Decreases cardiac work load, peripheral, and coronary vasodilator
    • Adverse effects; Dizziness HA
  2. Metroprolol (Lopressor)
    • Use: HTN, angina, antiarrhythmic
    • Action: Blocks beta-adrenergic receptors, slows HR
    • Adverse: Dizziness HA, fainting
  3. Nifedipine (Adalat)
    • Use: Angina, HTN, peripheral vasodilator, antiarrhythmic
    • Action: Calcium blockers, vasodilator
    • Adverse: Dizziness, fainting, HA
  4. Digoxin, Cardioglycoside (Lanoxin)
    • Use: CHF and atrial arrhythmias
    • Action: Slows conduction thru AV node and increases force of contraction (cardiotonic) to increase efficiency
    • Adverse: Nausea, fatigue, HA, weakness
  5. Enalapril (vasotec)
    • Use: HTN
    • Action: ACE inhibitor- blocks formation of angiotensin II and aldosterone
    • Adverse: HA, dizziness, hypotension
  6. Furosemide (Lasix) HTN
    • Use: Edema with CHF, HTN
    • Action: Diuretic increase excretion of water and Na+
    • Adverse: Nausea, diarrhea, dizziness
  7. Simvastic (Zocor)
    • Use: Hypercholesteremia (CHD)
    • Action: Decreases cholesterol and LDL
    • Adverse: Digestive discomfort
  8. Warfarin (Coumadin)
    • Use: Prophylaxis and treatment of thromboemboli
    • Action: Anticoagulant- interferes with vitamin K in synthesis or clotting
    • Adverse: Excessive bleeding (antidote: vitamin K)
  9. ASA (aspirin)
    • Use: Prophylaxis of thromboemboli
    • Action: Prevents platelet adhesion, anti-inflammatory
    • Adverse: Gastric irritation, allergy
Card Set:
Cardio Drugs
2013-11-08 02:55:23
PTA 210 Cardio Drugs

Cardio Drugs from ch 18 KC
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