HSCI 003 Chapter 13 Pathologies

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HSCI 003 Chapter 13 Pathologies
2013-11-07 23:30:29
Medical Terminology

Pathologies of Chapter 13.
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  1. Phlebotomy
    Making an incision into a vein.
  2. Coagulation Time
    Time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube.
  3. Aplastic Anemia
    Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow.
  4. Hemolytic Anemia
    Reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction.
  5. Pernicious Anemia
    Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb Vitamin B12 into the blood stream.
  6. Sickle Cell Anemia
    Hereditary disorder of abnormal hemoglobin producing sickle-cell shaped erythrocytes and hemolysis.
  7. Thalassemia
    Inherited defect in ability to produce hemoglobin, leading to hypochromia.
  8. Hemochromotosis
    Excess iron deposits throughout the body.
  9. Polycythemia Vera
    General increase in red blood cells (erythemia).
  10. Hemophilia
    Excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of blood clotting factors necessary for blood clotting.
  11. Prothrombin
    One of the clotting factors made by the liver.
  12. Purpura
    Multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin.
  13. Granulocytosis
    Abnormal increase in granulocytes in the blood.
  14. Mononucleosis
    Infectious disease marked by increased numbers of mononuclear leukocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes.
  15. Multiple Myeloma
    • Malignant neoplasms of bone marrow.
    • They destroy bone tissue and cause overproduction of immunoglobins, including Bence Jones protein.