European Bronze Age

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Author:
maddie95
ID:
245793
Filename:
European Bronze Age
Updated:
2013-11-08 02:42:38
Tags:
Bronze Age
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Description:
Bronze age
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  1. Bronze made of
    • alloying of copper and tin
    • Tin rarer than Copper, sources concentrated in Europe
  2. Bronze Age Mediterranean site of
    earliest fully literate sites
  3. North and Western Europe
    • no urbanisation 
    • no written language
    • no kings
  4. European Bronze Age development
    develops regionally, less regional and chronological variation than neolithic, period characterised by extensive travel, foreign objects and desire for exotic objects
  5. Metal and Metal Ages/characteristc
    • Earliest Metal Horizon: Europe 6-4millenia  BC
    • Agriculture spread potter become dominate technology
    • permanent settlements and villages appear 
    • Working Animals
    • Wheeled transport
  6. Varna Bulgaria
    Cemetery 4th Millenia, lavish burial with cantaphs-3000 objects (6 kilo gold), earliest evidence of Gold use
  7. Copper Age/Chalcolithic
    4th Mill copper mines emerge
  8. The Smilun Man
    • Man carrying flint dagger and copper axe shot/killed in Alpine pass
    • Axe soft and suggest symbolic use
  9. Shipping Bronze
    • end 2nd B raw scrap metal circulating Europe by boat
    • bronze age: long distant trade in valued objets eg tin & amber
  10. Horses :D
    • first domesticated russia (meat, milk, traction)
    • spread to EU 3rd Century decked out in fancy gear, figurines found in burials
  11. Settlements
    small homesteads with round or longhouses, villages and hill forts
  12. Daily life
    mostly farmers, 1BC new crops spelt and oats made due to population and climate pressure, weaving adopted, gender distinction emphasised in rituals
  13. Kings/Leaders/Warriors
    rock art depicts people holding and using weapons, armour and helmetes are known from many bronze age contexts
  14. Death/burial
    burials varied in time and space, Early Bronze age people found in single graves or cremation, late bronze age people buried in pottery sometimes in cemeteries
  15. Tumulus Culture
    • 1600-1200 BC, Burial under large mounds becomes dominate rite in central EU
    • grave goods include ornaments/weapons and animal sacrifice
    • wealthy society, long distance travel, social stratification
    • extensive hilltop settlements
  16. Urnfield culture
    • late bronze age europe
    • large cemeteries of en-urned cremations
    • settlement increased size & number
    • increased interaction with Mediterranean=social and material changes
  17. Hoards and Votive deposits
    depositing metals into the ground is characteristic practice, deposits of unused asxes,scrap metal for later re-use

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