terms related to bone procedures - chapter 3

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herangelwings
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245841
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terms related to bone procedures - chapter 3
Updated:
2013-11-08 11:42:31
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IBS 102
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chapter 3
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  1. reconstruction of the acetabulum to correct hip dysplasia, remove metastatic lesions, or as part of replacement surgery
    acetabuloplasty
  2. surgically shaping the alveolus of jaw in preparation for dentures
    alveoloplasty
  3. removal of a limb when there are no feasible options to save it
    amputation
  4. cutting off a bunion
    bunionectomy
  5. cutting off part of all of a wrist bone.
    carpectomy

    a proximal row carpectomy is done to reduce pain but maintain ROM
  6. surgically  cutting off part or all of a damaged cartilage.
    chondrectomy
  7. cutting off part or all  of a collarbone.
    claviculectomy

    a partial (or distal) claviculectomy is perfromed to reduce pain in the acromioclavicular (AC) joint due to osteoarthritis
  8. cutting off a condyle , e.g., to treat TMJ
    condylotomy
  9. cutting out part or all of a rib. may be done as part of a procedure to treat scoliosis
    costectomy
  10. process of measuring bone density. an example is a DEXA
    densitometry
  11. x-ray recording of a intervertebral disc using a contrast medium to establish a diagnosis for herniated disc
    discography
  12. surgical formation to augment or reduce the size of the chin. also called mentoplasty
    genioplasty
  13. ***minimally invasive procedure designed to address the pain of fractured vertebrae resulting from osteoporosis or cancer. a balloon is used to inflate area of fracture before a cementlike substance is injected. the substance hardens rapidly , and pain relief is immediate in most patients
    ***kyphoplasty
  14. cutting off part or all of the lower jaw. may be done to treat cancer of the jaw
    mandibulectomy
  15. cutting off part or all of a foot bone to surgically treat intractable metatarsal pain
    metatarsectomy
  16. ***surgical fracture of a bone to correct a malformation
    ***osteoclasis
  17. ***fixing the kneecap to the femur to stabilize the joint
    ***patellapexy
  18. cutting off part or all of the sacrum usually to remove an attached tumor
    sacrectomy
  19. fixing a shoulder blade in place to treat a protruding shoulder blade
    scapulopexy
  20. cutting out a necrosed (dead) bone fragment to prevent or correct possible complications
    sequestrectomy
  21. ***binding the vertebrae together to stabilize the spine.
    ***spondylosyndesis

    also called spinal fusion and spondylodesis
  22. cutting the sternum to allow access to the heart and thoracic cavity
    sternotomy
  23. cutting out one of the tarsal bones. may be done to correct an abnormally high arch of the foot
    tarsectomy

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