The Renaissance & brief overview of religious changes from 1500 to the 19th century.

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The Renaissance & brief overview of religious changes from 1500 to the 19th century.
2013-11-08 15:10:32
am history

Brief and not very thorough review of the Renaissance. I blame the school textbook.
Show Answers:

  1. True or False: Marco Polo's trip to
    the Far East introduced Europe to new products.
  2. True or False: Marco Polo traveled across India to the Far East.
    False. Marco polo traveled across Asia.
  3. True or False: Marco Polo traveled across Asia to the Far East.
  4. True or False: Interest in learning was centered chiefly among the common people before the Renaissance.
    False. Latin was taught to individuals studying to be a member of the clergy.
  5. Most books before the Renaissance were written in what language?
    Latin. Members of the clergy were some of the only people before the Renaissance who were able to read and write.
  6. In which country did the Renaissance begin?
  7. What is an astrolabe?
    An astrolabe is an invention of the Age of Exploration that helped sailors figure out their latitude.
  8. What did the Renaissance encourage commoners outside of the clergy to do?
    The Renaissance period encouraged the education of everyone, especially in the subjects of reading and writing, which had previously been reserved only for the clergy and some nobility.
  9. What was one of the most important inventions of the Renaissance?
    The printing press allowed for paper goods, such as books, to be made quicker and more cheaply than before.
  10. Explorations to the New World were financed by "__", "__" and "__" who hoped to become wealthy.
    Explorations were financed mostly by kings, merchants and bankers.
  11. What is Mercantilism?
    The belief that a country's power was based on its wealth, or the amount of raw gold and silver it had in its treasury.
  12. Why did countries establish trading posts and colonies in newly explored areas?
    Mercantilism fueled the need for raw materials, and colonies could export their findings to the mother country more cheaply than buying them from another country would be.
  13. Martin Luther challenged the Catholic Church's teachings of what?
    Martin Luther questioned the teaching of indulgences, or the belief that punishment for sin could be lessened by doing good deeds (mostly paying the church).
  14. What were people who protested the Church authority called?
  15. Who was the First Great Awakening led by?
    Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield.
  16. Who was the Second Great Awakening led by?
    Timothy Dwight.
  17. What messages did the Second Great Awakening send during the mid 19th century?
    Social reforms; end of slavery, women's rights, better treatment of people with mental illnesses, and educational improvements.
  18. When did the Social Gospel movement take place?
    In the late 19th century.
  19. What messages did the Social Gospel movement send out?
    The Social Gospel movement suggested labor reforms. Ban of child labor, better working conditions and wage, etc.