Types of Bone Markings

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Author:
lunarii27
ID:
245910
Filename:
Types of Bone Markings
Updated:
2013-11-08 20:35:56
Tags:
Bone Markings
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Description:
Chapter 6 A&P
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  1. Tuberosity
    • Projection - muscle & ligament attachment
    • Large and rounded, may be roughened
  2. Crest
    • Projection - muscle & ligament attachment
    • Narrow ridge, usually prominent
  3. Trochanter
    • Projection - muscle & ligament attachment
    • Process - large, blunt, irregularly shaped (only examples are on femur)
  4. Line
    • Projection - muscle & ligament attachment
    • Narrow ridge, less prominent than a crest
  5. Tubercle
    • Projection - muscle & ligament attachment
    • Small, rounded
  6. Epicondyle
    • Projection - muscle & ligament attachment
    • Raised area on or above a condyle
  7. Spine
    • Projection - muscle & ligament attachment
    • Sharp, slender, often pointed
  8. Process
    • Projection - muscle & ligament attachment
    • Any bony prominence
  9. Head
    • Projection - helps form joints
    • Bony expansion carried on a narrow neck
  10. Facet
    • Projection - helps form joints
    • Smooth, nearly flat articular surface
  11. Condyle
    • Projection - helps form joints
    • Rounded, articular
  12. Ramus
    • Projection - helps form joints
    • Arm-like bar of a bone
  13. Groove
    • Depressions & openings for passage of blood vessels & nerves
    • Furrow
  14. Fissure
    • Depressions & openings for passage of blood vessels & nerves
    • Narrow, slit-like
  15. Foramen
    • Depressions & openings for passage of blood vessels & nerves
    • Round or oval opening through a bone
  16. Notch
    • Depressions & openings for passage of blood vessels & nerves
    • Indention at the edge of a structure
  17. Meatus
    • Depressions & openings
    • Canal-like passageway
  18. Sinus
    • Depressions & openings
    • Cavity within a bone, filled with air & lined with mucous membrane
  19. Fossa
    • Depressions & openings
    • Shallow, basin-like depression, often serving as articular surface

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