quiz 5

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  1. caphal/o
  2. encephal/o
  3. gangli/o
    swelling, knot
  4. mening/i/o
  5. myel/o
    spinal cord, medulla,myelin
  6. neur/o
  7. psych/o
  8. phren/o
  9. radic/o, radicul/o
    nerve root
  10. vag/o
    vagus nerve
  11. ventricul/o
    little belly, ventricle
  12. parts of central nervous system
    brain , spinal cord
  13. parts of peripheral nervous system
    nerves, ganglia
  14. neuroglia
    cells that support neurons
  15. esthesi/o
  16. phasi/o
    to speak
  17. -asthenia
  18. -algesia
  19. neurasthenia
    chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia, dysphoria
  20. paresthesia
    abnormal sensation of numbness and tingling
  21. syncope
    temporary loss of consciousness due to sudden reduction of blood flow to the brain, fainting
  22. para-
    abnormal, alongside
  23. hemi-
  24. ather/o
  25. embol/o
  26. gli/o
  27. gnos/o
  28. later/o
  29. narc/o
  30. poli/o
  31. scler/o
  32. thromb/o
  33. -lepsy
  34. -plegia
  35. -rrhage
    abnormal discharge
  36. -troph
    loss of ability to interpret sensory information
  38. Alzheimer disease
    gradual deterioration of the brain resulting in confusion short term memory loss and restlessness
  39. Lou Gehrig disease
    • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    • muscle atrophy caused by hardening of nervous tissue on the lateral columns of the spinal cord
  40. autism
    developmental disorder characterized by withdrawal from outward reality and impaired social conduct
  41. Bell palsy
    paralysis of the face muscle on one side
  42. palsy
  43. aneurysm
    circulatory problem caused by weakened wall of a blood vessel resulting in a bulge in the wall that is in danger of bursting
  44. cerebral palsy
    partial muscle paralysis appears at or shortly after birth
  45. cerebrovascular accident
    • stroke
    • reduced blood supply to the brain results in death of brain cells loss of mental function or death
  46. coma
    abormally decreased consciousness
  47. cereral concussion
    injury to soft brain tissue
  48. traumatic brain injury
    involves bleeding that can result in functional losses and death
  49. epilepsy
    brain disorder characterized by seizures and temporary loss of consciousness
  50. glioma
    a tumor of glial cells
  51. hydrocephalus
    abnormally increased volume of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain ventricles of a child before the cranial sutures have sealed resulting in brain damage
  52. CSF shunt
    drains excess fluid to correct hydroceplalus
  53. meninges
    • membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord
    •  pia mater
    •  arachnoid mater
    •  dura mater
  54. spina bifida
    congenital disease of the conditions meningocele and memingomyelocele
  55. multiple sclerosis
    deterioration of the myelin sheath covering axons within the brain
  56. intracranial pressure
    pressure withing the cranium including polyneuritis
  57. neuropathy
    disease affecting any part of the nervous system
  58. parkinson disease
    chronic degenerative disease of the brain characterized by tremors rigidity and shuffling gait
  59. rabies
    • infection of the central nervous system
    • formerly call hydrophobia
  60. angi/o
    blood vessel
  61. radic/o
    nerve root
  62. rhiz/o
    nerve root
  63. opioid analgesics
    severe pain management medication classified as opioid compounds
  64. anesthetic
    blend of narcotics designed to drop the patient into unconsciousness
  65. computed tomography
    • CT scan
    • a procedure involving the use of a computer to interpret a series of x rays and construct from them a 3D view  of the brain
  66. effectual drug therapy
    treatment to manage neurological disorders
  67. epidural
    injection of a spinal block anesthetic into the epidural space external to the spinal cord
  68. evoked potential studies
    a group of diagnostic tests that measure changes in brain waves during particular stimuli to determine brain function
  69. lumbar puncture
    • Spinal tap
    • the withdrawal of CSF from the subarachnoid space in the kumbar region of the spinal cord
  70. magnetic resonance imaging
    powerful magnets are used to observe soft tissue in the body, including the brain
  71. positron emission tomography
    • PET scan
    • a scan using an injected radioactive chemical to provide a map of blood flow within the body that can be correlated to function
  72. deep tendon reflexes
    percussion at the patellar tendon to test reflexes
  73. Babinski reflex
    stimulation of the plantar surface of the foot to test reflexes
  74. vagus nerve
    large cranial nerve passing from the brain stem into the thoracic and abdominal cavities
  75. ment/o
  76. phren/o
  77. schiz/o
    to divide, split
  78. somat/o
  79. -mania
    madness, frenzy
  80. bipolar disease
    disorder affecting the cognitive functions of the cerebrum causing alternating periods of high energy and mental confusion with low energy and mental depression
  81. dementia
    impairment of mental function characterized by memory loss, disorientation, and confusion
  82. megalomania
    individual believes oneself to be a person of great fame or wealth
  83. neurosis
    emotional disorder involving a counterproductive way of dealing with mental stress
  84. agoraphobia
    fear of public places
  85. phobophobia
    the fear of developing a phodia
  86. acrophobia
    fear of heights
  87. psychosomatic
    the influence of the mind over bodily functions and disease
  88. schizophrenia
    form of psychosis characterized delusions, hallucinations,and extensive withdrawal from other people and the outside world
  89. AD
    Alzheimer diseas
  90. ADD
    attention deficit disorder
  91. ADHD
    attention deficit hyperactive disorder
  92. ALS
    amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  93. CNS
    central nervous system
  94. CP
    cerebral palsy
  95. CSF
    cerebrospinal fluid
  96. CT(CAT) scan
    computed(axial) tomography scan
  97. CVA
    cerebrovascular accident (stroke
  98. DTR
    deep tendon relfexes
  99. EchoEG
  100. EEG
  101. EP
    evoked potential
  102. LP
    lumbar puncture
  103. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  104. MS
    multiple sclerosis
  105. PD
    Parkinson disease
  106. PET
    positron emission tomography
  107. PNS
    peripheral nervous system
  108. PTSD
    posttraumatic stress disorder
  109. TBI
    traumatic brain injury
  110. blephar/o
  111. conjunctiv/o
    to bind together
  112. dacry/o
    tear, lacrimal apparatus
  113. ir/o
  114. ocul/o
  115. ophthalm/o
  116. opt/o
  117. ot/o
  118. rhin/o
  119. asthen/o
  120. cor/o
  121. -opia
    condition of vision
  122. ophthalmorrhagia
    bleeding from the eye
  123. kerat/o
  124. presby/o
    old ago
  125. stigmat/o
  126. cataract
    reduced transparency of the lens of the eye
  127. glaucoma
    fluid pressure within the anterior chamber of the eyeball(intraocular pressure) rises above normal, causing loss of vision
  128. hordeolum
    • sty
    • an infection of the meibomian gland producing a local swelling of the eyelid
  129. meibomian gland
    small gland in the eyelid that secretes lubricating fluid onto the conjunctiva
  130. chalazion
    chronic form of hordeolum
  131. macular degeneration
    proggressive degeneration of the macula lutea leading to loss of visual focus
  132. macula lutea
    small area of the retina that contains high density of photoreceptors known as cone cells
  133. myopia
  134. hyperopia
  135. presbyopia
    reduction in vision due to age
  136. emmetropia
    normal condition of the eye
  137. astigmatism
    defective curvature of the eye, causing blurred vission
  138. laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis
    • LASIK
    • the use of lasers to reshape the corneal tissue beneath the surface of the cornea to correct vision disorders such as myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism
  139. radial keratotomy
    spokelike incisions are made into the cornea which effectively flattens the cornea to correct for myopia
  140. optometrist
    health professional trains to examine eyes to correct vision problems and eye disorders
  141. ophthalmologist
    a physician who specializes in the study and treatment of diseases associated with the eyes
  142. acusis
    condition of hearing
  143. paracusis
    partial hearing loss
  144. otorrhea
    abnormal draining of pus from the ear
  145. tinnitus
    ringing or buzzing sensation in the ears
  146. vertigo
    sensation of dizziness
  147. mastoid/o
    • resembling a breast
    • mastoid process
  148. med/o
  149. Meniere disease
    chronic disease of the inner ear. vertigo and tinnitis
  150. otitis externa
    inflammation of the external auditory canal of the ear
  151. otosclerosis
    an abnormal formation of bone within the ear
  152. presbyacusis
    gradual loss of hearing with advancing age
  153. audi/o
  154. labyrinth/o
    maze, inner ear
  155. myring/o
    membrane, eardrum
  156. tympan/o
  157. AD
    right ear; auris dexter
  158. AMD
    age-related macular degeneration
  159. AS
    left ear;auris sinister
  160. AU
    both ears;aures unitas
  161. Ast
  162. Em
  163. EENT
    eye,ear,nose, and throat
  164. ENT
    ear, nose, and throat
  165. IOL
    intraocular lens
  166. LASIK
    laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis
  167. OD
    right eye; oculus dexter
  168. OM
    otitis media
  169. OS
    left; oculus sinister
  170. Oto
  171. OU
    each eye;oculus uterque
  172. TM
    tympanic membrane
  173. aden/o
  174. adren/o
    adrenal gland
  175. crin/o
    to secrete
  176. gonad/o
    sex gland
  177. hormon/o
    to set in motion
  178. acr/o
  179. dips/o
  180. hirsut/o
  181. acromegaly
    enlargement of bone structure
  182. exophthalmos
    abnormal protrusion of the eyes
  183. goiter
    swelling of the anterior side of the neck in the location of the thyroid gland
  184. adrenal virilism
    excessive production of androgens in women leading to hirsutism, muscle and bone growth
  185. ketone
    waste substance produced when cells are unable to metabolize carbohydrates
  186. ketoacidosis
    excessive amount of ketone bodies in the blood and urine
  187. muc/o
  188. cretinism
    thyroid glands inability to produce normal levels of growth hormone at birth causing reduced mental development and physical growth
  189. cushing syndrome
    causes excess secretion of the hormone cortisol by the adrenal cortex. causing obesity, moon face, hyperglycemia, and muscle weakness
  190. diabetes insipidus
    hyposecretion of ADH by the pituitary gland. characterized by polydipsia and polyuria
  191. biabetes mellitus
    deficiency or lack of insulin production by cells of the pancreas
  192. Addison disease
    chronic form of hypothyroidism
  193. hyperparathyroidism
    the excessive production of PTH
  194. Graves disease
    chronic form of hyperthyroidism. autoimmune disease
  195. thyrotoxicosis
    acute form of hyperthyroidism triggered by infection or trauma; can become life threatening
  196. myxedema
    chronic form of hypothyroidism resulting in hardening of the subcutaneous layer of the skin, thickenig of tongue and hands and retention of water in the body
  197. hypogonadism
    abnormally low amounts of FSH and LH produced by the pituitary gland which reduces the production of sex hormones
  198. fasting blood sugar
    blood sugar levels are measured after a 12 hour fast
  199. postprandial blood sugar exam
    blood sugar levels are measured about 2 hours after a meal
  200. glucose tolerance test
    examines a patients tolerance of glucose to confirm a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus.
  201. hormone replacement therapy
    therapy to counteract hyposecretion
  202. radioactive iodine
    diagnostic procedure used to track and measure the entry of iodine into thyroid gland cells with a scanning instrument
  203. radioiodine therapy
    the use of radioactive iodine to target and destroy cells within the thyroid gland
  204. thyroxine
    hormone produced by the thyroid gland to regulate glucose metabolism and cell division in most cells of the body
  205. ADH
    antidiuretic hormone
  206. DI
    diabetes insipidus
  207. DM
    diabetes mellitus
  208. FBS
    follicle stimulating hormone
  209. GH
    growth hormone
  210. GTT
    glucose tolerance test
  211. HRT
    hormone replacement therapy
  212. LH
    luteinizing hormone
  213. PPBS
    postprandial blood sugar
  214. PTH
    parathyroid hormone
  215. RAIU
    radioactive iodine uptake
Card Set:
quiz 5
2013-11-11 20:39:36
mad terms

nervous, mental health, sight, hearing, endocrine
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