URBAN CAS

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Author:
Putera
ID:
246036
Filename:
URBAN CAS
Updated:
2013-11-09 19:45:49
Tags:
brevity
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  1. Political/Civilian Considerations:
    Military/Civilian Interaction:-non combatants must be protected-offensive I/O (Psyops)Post Hostile Support-Occupational Duty (Post Combat Ops)
    • Collateral Damage:
    • -exacerbated by world wide media reports
    • -enemy attempts to characterize as unlawful
    • -can be managed by careful drafting of ROE
  2. Collateral Damage:
    Unintentional or incidental injury or damage to persons
  3. Fratricide:
    Unforeseen and unintentional deaths or injury to friendly personnel
    JTACs WORST NIGHTMARE
  4. PREVENTION / MITIGATION:
    • High Potential (Fratricide):
    • -CQB, PID problems, secondary weapons effects
    • Collateral Damage Mitigation:
    • -Delay Fuzing / Bomb Burial
    • -Delivery Heading
    • -Shielding
    • Recognizing Friendly Force:
    • -marking procedures
  5. URBAN CHARACTERISTICS:
    • -SIZE
    • -POPULATION DENSITY
    • -STRUCTURAL DENSITY
    • -BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
  6. Villages
    pop. <3000
  7. Towns & Small Cities:
    3,000-100,000
  8. Large Cities:
    100,000-millions
  9. Strip Areas:
    Areas built along roads connecting towns and cities
  10. TYPE A: Dense Random Construction
    • Lesser developed nations
    • -Building often connected making PID extremely difficult
  11. TYPE B: Closed Orderly Block Constructions
    • Medium Size Towns and Large cities
    • -Better Fields of view
    • -PID objects areas easier than type A, locating friendlies remain difficult
  12. TYPE C: Residential Area Construction
    • Close proximity to Type B areas
    • -obstacle rich areas
    • -narrow roads limit visibility of suitable LZs
  13. TYPE D: High Rise Area Construction
    • -mediumĀ / large city
    • -large open areas parking lots and parks (good LZs and DZs)
    • -Significant terrain features may simplify references
  14. TYPE E: Industrial / Transportation
    • -most open and dispersed of all types
    • -more efficient RW operations (good LZs)
    • -good LOS comms (lower building profiles)
  15. Building Characteristics:
    1. Framed: thinner walls

    2. Mass: thicker walls better protection
  16. Special Considerations:
    • COASTAL FEATURES & WATERWAYS:
    • -Hold strategic significance
    • AIRFIELDS:
    • -major urban commerce centers
    • -flow of military and commercial air traffic vital
    • -seizure of airfields is often primary obj
    • SUBTERRANEAN FEATURES:
    • -many larger cities have subterannean systems
    • -hold military significance
    • -cultural sites
  17. URBAN TARGET MARKING:
    • -Laser
    • -IR Pointers
    • -Tracer Fire
    • -Marking grenades
    • -Rockets
    • -Mortars
    • -Mirror
    • -Smoke
    • -Panels
  18. TARGET ACQUISITION:
    • -Target Reference Points (TRP)
    • -Imagery / Gridded Reference Guide (GRG)
  19. Aircrew Limitations:
    • -PID of Targets
    • -Target Perspective
    • -Locating Friendlies
    • -Comms with the JTAC
    • -All may be difficult due to Urban light Pollution, obstacles and loss of SA

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