Airman Leadership School CDC Vol 1

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Airman Leadership School CDC Vol 1
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Airman Leadership School CDC Vol 1
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  1. What was the primary duty of the "sergents" serving in King Gustavus I Army?
    To maintain discipline among the troops.
  2. At what point in American military history did the NCO achieve command level status?
    After the Revolutionary War, when the Regular Army was created.
  3. What were the roles of the NCO prior to WWII?
    NCOs served as an interface between the enlisted corps and the officers. NCOs were experienced in all aspects of the unit's mission and knew all the men under their supervision thoroughly. They maintained tight discipline, had close contact with NCOs of other units, and the freedom and authority to handle all enlisted affairs internally.
  4. What impact did the rapid expansion of the military services during WWII have on the status of the NCO?
    As competency and experience levels declined, so did the associated responsibilities. The entire NCO corps experienced a general erosion of its long standing prestige and authority.
  5. What event was the first attempt to restore dignity and prestige to the NCO corps following WWII?
    The Air Force restricted its noncommissioned officer status to the top three grades. It also revised the nomenclature of its lowest grades.
  6. Why were the pay grades of E-8 and E-9 created?
    To provide for a better delineation of responsibilities in the enlisted structure. It also provided the necessary monetary recognition for the jobs being preformed by those who held the grades.
  7. What was the significance of the chevron in the late 1700's?
    French soldiers started wearing cloth chevrons with the points up on their coat sleeves in 1777 as length of service and good conduct badges. In 1782 General George Washington ordered that enlisted men who had served for three years "with bravery,fidelity, and good conduct" wear as a badge of honor, "a narrow piece of white cloth, of angular form' on the left sleeve of the uniform.
  8. Why was the design of the Air Force enlisted grade insignia changed in 1975 and in 1994?
    In 1975, the silver-gray star on the insignia was replaced with a blue star for airman. The silver-gray star came to represent NCO status and was worn by E-4 Sergeants and above. In 1994, since the grade of E-4 Sergeant had been removed from the enlisted grade structure, all airman (E-2 through E-4) grade insignia returned to a white star in the blue circle. On the master sergeants insignia, a chevron from the bottom was moved to the top to futher distinguish the "top three" enlisted grades.
  9. What are the responsibilities of the Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force?
    The CMSAF is a representative of the airman force when and where this appropriate and will serve as a sounding board for ideas and proposals affecting airman matters. He or She will advise and assist the Chief of Staff and the Secretary of the Air Force in matters concerning enlisted members of the Air Force.
  10. Why was the position of Command Chief Master Sergeant (previously Senior Enlisted Advisor) created?
    The CCMSgt duties include ensuring that enlisted members know the commander’s policies, advising the commander on problems concerning moral of the enlisted force, and evaluating the quality of NCO leadership, management, and supervisory training. The CCM also monitors compliance with Air Force standards, serves on advisory councils, and maintains a close relationship with the local community.
  11. What are the general areas of responsibility of a first sergeant?
    The first sergeant’s duties are separated into five areas; promoting health, morale, and welfare, maintaining discipline and standards; preparing and presenting squadron training and information programs; supervising care and upkeep of squadron dormitories; and monitoring unit administration.
  12. Who was Corporal Vernon L. Burge?
    Corporal Vernon L. Burge holds a distinct place of honor in avaition history as the first enlisted pilot (US Signal Corps). He also served on the Army's first and only dirigible.
  13. Who was Corporal Frank S. Scott?
    Corporal Frank S, Scott was the first enlisted man to lose his life in an air accident. Scott AFB is the only Air Force Base named for an enlisted person,
  14. Who was Private Fredrick Libby?
    Many historians consider Private Fredrick Libby the first enlisted ace. According to several sources, during WWI, Libby shot down 10 planes as an observer and 14 more as a pilot for a total of 24.
  15. Who was Corporal Eugene Bullard?
    Eugene Jacques Ballard was the first black pilot and fighter pilot.
  16. Who was Esther M. Blake?
    Esther M. Blake has the distinction of being the "first woman in the Air Force".
  17. Who was A1C John Levitow?
    A1C John L. Levitow became the first US Air Force enlisted member and the lowest ranking airman, in history to earn the Congressional Medal of Honor.
  18. Who was CMSgt Grace Peterson?
    CMSgt Grace Peterson became the first woman to be promoted to the highest noncommissioned officer grade.
  19. Who was CMSgt Thomas Barnes?
    CMSgt Barnes became the fourth CMSAF, and the first black man to be approved to the post. He also was the only CMSAF to be twice appointed to one-year extensions.
  20. Describe the accomplishment of the Tuskegee Airman?
    The country's first black fighter squadron, the 99th was formed at Tuskegee Air Base., Alabama. Because they were so good at fighting off the German, they were the only escort fighters who never lost a bomber to enemy fire. Yet they damaged or destroyed 409 enemy aircraft and were responsible for the last four aerial victories of the AAF in the Mediterranean theater. The fighter group also holds the record for flying more types of fighter aircraft in combat than any other fighter unit in WWII. Their indomitable efforts culminated in 15,553 sorties and 1,578 missions by the end of the war.
  21. Define tradition?
    Webster's Dictionary defines tradition as the "handing down of information, beliefs, and customs by word of mouth or by example from one generation to another without written instruction." Traditions are an accepted way of doing things. They are inherited, established, or customary patterns of behavior.
  22. Describe how military traditions enhance professionalism and discipline?
    In today's Air Force, tradition plays an important role in building esprit de corps---the common spirit existing in a group or organization that builds enthusiasm, devotion, and a strong regard for the honor of the group or organization. Traditions also help develop discipline. Many of our daily activities are guided by tradition. In order not to violate these traditions, and to preserve the honor of our profession, we discipline ourselves and others to abide by them.
  23. Describe the profesional airman?
    The professional airman is one who is not only experienced and proficient in his or her Air Force specialty, but also knows, understands, and adheres to the traditions of the profession of arms.
  24. Why is tradition important in today's Air Force?
    Tradition helps build esprit de corps and discipline.
  25. What is the difference between customs and courtesies?
    Customs are a result of the need for order and discipline and have been established by frequent usage over a long tiime. Courtesies are marks of respect, etiquette, or courteous behavior shown to persons or symbols.
  26. What is the significance of salutes?
    The salute is a greeting and symbol of mutual respect among comrades in the honorable profession of arms.
  27. Why is important to use proper terms of address?
    Because it is not only a custom of service, but a courteous way to address people.
  28. What is the relationship between the privilege of rank (RHIP) and responsibility?
    Individuals of higher ranks not only have greater responsibility, but they have the authority to carry out that responsibility. Priviliges are often a form of partial compensation for the additional responsibility of rank. Just as you should not abuse the authority that comes with increased rank, so you should not abuse the privileges of that rank.
  29. Explain the benefits of practicing customs and courtesies?
    The primary benefit of customs and courtesies is self-discipline and pride. Customs and courtesies are found throughout the branches of the armed forces and they give a common bond of being members of the profession of arms.
  30. Explain how drill enhances teamwork?
    Participating in parades, flag ceremonies, and other events reinforces the importance of the need for cooperation and precisiob on a day-to-day basis. It's impossible for one person to run the whole show. Everyone must work together to accomplish the mission. Participating as a member of an efficiently organized and operating group stimulates esprit de corps, high morale, and enthusiastic teamwork.
  31. Why should we continue to practice drills and ceremonies?
    Learning how to march in formation, follow orders promptly and accurately, and depend onothers results in the entire flight working together as a whole---all headed in the same direction with a common goal.
  32. What is the difference between a Dining In and a Dining Out?
    A Dining In is the same ceremony as a Dining Out, with the exception that the Dining Out allows non-military guests to be invited.
  33. What role do ceremonies play in the armed forces?
    Ceremonies are special, formal, group activities conducted by the armed forces to honor distinguished persons or to observe national holidays. Ceremonies also demonstrate the profiency and state of training of the troops and are an extension of drill activities.
  34. Why is it imprtant to formally recognize individuals for meritorious service, outstanding achievement, or heroism?
    Formal recognition of our peers and subordinates shows that we appreciate their hard work and dedication and lend support for continued exceptional service or achievement.
  35. How does participating in flag ceremonies help develop esprit de corps?
    Through these ceremonies, both military and civilian citizens share a common goal---to preserve all the freedoms that Americans possess today. By participating in ceremonies that inspire strong patriotic feelings, Air Force members develop a stronger sense of esprit de corps.
  36. What is the proper behavior when you are indoors and the National Anthem or To the Colors is played?
    When indoors and the national anthem or To The Colors is played at the beginng or end of a program or sports activity, face the flag, or the music if the flag is not present, and go to attention. Do not salute unless under arms.When in civilian clothing, take the same action as when in uniform, except place your hand over your heart rather than giving the military hand salute.
  37. What did the flag code of 1942 do?
    In an effort to ensure our flag would always be diplayed in a dignified manner, Congress passed the flag code in 1942. The flag code specified how and when the US flag would be displayed.
  38. What does the U.S. flag represent?
    When you participate in ceremonies honoring the flag, reflect on all that the flag represents---lost lives, cherished freedom, American values, and democratic principles. The ceremonies that honor the flag recognize the very fiber of American existence.
  39. What are two reasons for the advent of uniforms?
    Uniforms helped distinguish friend from foe, and to clothe the troops as cheaply as possible, colonels bought cloth in bulk and had the "uniforms" produced from the same patterns.
  40. From where did the present Air Force uniform evolve?
    From that worn by the Army Air Corps in the 1940s.
  41. What are three general purposes of dress and personal appearance standards?
    Ensure conformity, establish standardization, and devlop pride.
  42. Who is considered the founder of the American military uniform regulations?
    Fredrich von Steuben.
  43. How can you balance your responsilibity to maintain an acceptable military image with your individuality?
    By having a thorough understanding of the impact your dress and personal appearance have on public opinion, credibility, and effectiveness.
  44. What is the Air Force philosophy of military uniforms?
    The uniform will be plain without excessive ornamentation to present a professional appearance and to keep uniform maintenance easy and inexpensive.
  45. What are the four general standards that apply to all uniforms?
    Must be clean, neat, safe, and present a military image.
  46. How do the standards for wear of the flight cap differ between men and women?
    Hair may protrude in front of the flight cap for women only.
  47. What precautions should you take when you purchase ribbons and mounting devices?
    Make sure ribbons and mounting devices meet specified size and quality standards, and ribbons do not have a visable, protective coating applied.
  48. What kinds of jewelry are authorized for wear with the uniform?
    Air Force mambers in uniform may wear no more than three rings, a watch, and a conservative bracelet. Necklaces may be worn, but they may not be exposed at the neckline.
  49. Describe the proper length of women's service uniform skirt.
    The women's skirt length is between the top and bottom ot the kneecap.
  50. When is it appropriate to wear the Battle Dress Uniform (BDU) off base?
    You may wear BDUs off base for short convenience stops at shopping malls or at local food service establishments. You may NOT wear BDUs in establishments that have a primary function to sell and serve alcohol, or where people would normally wear business attire.
  51. Describe the men's grooming standards for hair.
    Men must wear their hair with a tapered appearance on both sides and back, both with and without headgear. The bulk (thickness) of hair must not exceed 1-1/4 inches overall and no more than 1/4 inch at the termination point. Bangs will not touch or extend beyond the eyebrows.
  52. Describe the women's grooming standards for hair.
    Women's hair must present a professional appearance. It must not exceed 3 inches in bulk or prevent proper wear of the headgear. The hair must not extend below an invisible line parallel to the ground at the bottom edge of the shirt collar at the back of the neck. Bangs will not touch or extend beyond the eyebrows. Additionally, only plain and conservative pins, combs, or barrettes may be worn to keep the hair in place.
  53. What are the three areas related to public opion, that can be impacted by our dress and appearance?
    Public confidence in the military, perceived effectiveness of the military, and public pride in the military.
  54. Explain the general concept of how compliance with directives of dress and personal appearance can positively influence public confidence in the military.
    The public will assess our competence based on our appearance. If we meet standards and maintain a professional image, it is assumed that we can perform other tasks.
  55. What is the relationship between wearing the uniform properly and the public's perception of our competence?
    Although appearance and conduct are not directly related to performing a task, we make assumptions about a person's competence based on their appearance.
  56. Explain how your dress and personal appearance impact your leadership abilities?
    Your effectiveness will be greatly enhanced by maintaining and exceeding the standards. Set the example for others to follow.
  57. How does relaxation of dress and personal appearance impact the morale in an orginazation?
    Relaxation of the enforcement of standards makes it difficult to take pride in the unit.Diminished pride and espirit de corps lead to lower morale and, eventually, unit effectiveness.
  58. What is the result of a leader providing a positiive influence for followers?
    By providing the positive influence, it easier for the leader to train subordinates on both the standards of dress and appearance and the importance of maintaining those standards.
  59. What type of decisions may be made by military personnel based on perceptions?
    Military members pass judgement on our professionalism and self-discipline based on our appearance. Members of boards make decisions on awards and promotions based on perceptions.
  60. What type of decisions are made by civilian personnel based on perceptions?
    Civilians form opinions about the Air Force and the US defense posture from their perceptions. Taxpayers and congressmen vote on legislation to support military programs based on their perception of military needs.
  61. Define wellness?
    Wellness is enjoying health and vigor of body, mind, and spirit in all areas of life. It includes our social, mental, and spirtual health, as well as our physical well being.
  62. How does our wellness contribute to the Air Force mission?
    We must have people in the right place, at the right time, and those people must be physically fit and mentally alert. Excellent health, good nutrition, and proper exercise are the major keys to an alert, physically fit, fighting force.
  63. How does our lifestyle impact our level of wellness?
    The habits you practice which lead to a high level of wellness contribute to your "wellness lifestyle." The lifestyle you lead (what and how much you drink, how much you excersise, wheter you smoke, and how you handle stress) largely influences the development of diseases that are leading causes of death in the US.
  64. What seven habits should you practice for a healthier lifestyle?
    Not smoking, exercising regularly, sleeping 7 to 8 hours regulary, maintaining ideal weight, eating breakfast, drinking little or no alchol, and not eating between-meal snacks.
  65. What three factors of self-responsibility will help you stay with your wellness program? Briefly describe each.
    Structure, motivation, and discipline. Structure provides an organized plan of attack; motivation keeps you going on your program after the newness has worn off; and discipline develops behavior s that lead to success rather than failure.
  66. Define physical fitness?
    Physical fitness is "the ability to carry out daily tasks with vigor and alertness without undue fatigue and with ample energy to engage in liesure-time pursuits and to meet the above average physical stress encountered in emergency situations."
  67. What are the four phases of a fitness training program?
    Warm-up, aerobic, cool-down, and light weight training.
  68. What is the purpose of aerobic exercise?
    Benefical changes occur in the heart, lungs,vascular system, and other tissues of the body. Your body becomes better able to move air into and out of the lungs, and your total blood volume increases. Your blood also becomes better equipped to transport oxygen, and your muscles become more efficient at using the oxygen they receive.
  69. What is the purpose of the cool-down phase?
    A cool-down phase allows the heart to gradually slow down, body temperature to regulate, and waste products in muscle tissue after excersise (ie; lactic acid) to be removed effectively through the circulatory system.
  70. What are the four principles that affect physical conditioning?
    Overload, progression, regularity, and specificity.
  71. How does dehydration affect your exercise?
    If you allow yourself to become even slightly dehydrated, the amount of blood in your circulatory system decreases. This causes your heart to work much harder to supply your body with necessary fluids.
  72. What is cardio-respiratory endurance?
    The ability of your heart and lungs to deliver oxygen to working muscles.
  73. How might exercise benefit the cardiovascular system?
    While there is no vaccine for heart disease or hypertension, physical activity is a prudent means of enhancing health and improving the quality of one's life while also probably preventing coronary artery disease.
  74. What are the six major categories of nutrients?
    Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.
  75. Why should we limit saturated fats in our diet?
    Diets high in saturated fats have been shown to increase blood cholesterol and the risk of heart disease.
  76. Why do we not need to include cholestrol in our diet?
    Your body naturally produces all it needs.
  77. What is the best way to get all the vitamins and minerals your body needs?
    You can get needed vitamins and minerals from a well-chosen assortment of everyday foods and a balanced diet.
  78. What habits will lead to a healthier diet?
    Eat a variety of foods; eat foods with adequate starch and fiber, avoid too much fat, cholestrol, sugar and sodium; and use alcohol in moderation.
  79. Define obesity?
    Obesity is usully defined as body weight that is 20 percent or more above a person's ideal weight.
  80. What is the most efficeint method to achieve permanent weight loss?
    Decrease caloric intake and increase caloric output.
  81. What are the effects of smoking?
    Lung diseases like bronchitus and emphysema; high blood pressure; cancers of the mouth, throat, and bladder,stomach ulcers,birth defects, and common respritatory infections like colds and flu.
  82. When does the mortality rate of an ex-smoker approach that of a person who has never smoked?
    After 10 years.
  83. What causes stressful events to become a problem?
    Stressful events themselves are not harmful; it is the inability to cope with too much stress that creates problems.
  84. How can stress be positive?
    We all seem to work and play much betterwhen we are under a certain amount of stress.
  85. How does proper nutrition and exercise help you manage stress?
    People who maintain proper eating habits and exercise regularly can cope with greater amounts of stress and more stressful events. Exercise will allow you to channel your frustrations, give you time to think things out, give you a sense of accomplishment and actually relieve muscle tension.
  86. What effective time management tools will help you manage stress?
    Setting priorities and planning ahead.
  87. What is our senior leadership's prospective on wellness?
    Wellness is absolutely essential for every service mamber to be ready and fit to perform anthing the mission demands of us. We can accept nothing less than total fitness for total mission accomplishment.
  88. How can you be a wellness role model?
    Your commitment to a high degree of wellness will provide an example for subordinates to follow. As a supervisor you need to be out in the forefront, leading the way for the members you supervise.
  89. How does your ability to think clearly as a supervisor impact the mission?
    An improved state of wellness enhances your ability to think clearly and, as a result, make better decisions. The mission and the people you lead in accomplishing the mission rely upon your effectiveness in making good decisions.
  90. How does effective stress management help us a military citizen?
    We're better able to deal with stressful situations by first recognizing them and then managing our time and controlling our emotions when the situations occur.
  91. How does proper nutrition and weight management benefit the military citizen?
    Proper nutrition and weight management help increase your energy level. This makes you more effective in your job and helps you make better decisions.
  92. How does exercise and fitness benefit the military citizen?
    Aerobics and physical fitness increase your aerobic capacity, which enables you to work long hours and be ready to perform in wartime situations.
  93. How does increased muscular strength benefit the military citizen?
    Inbcreased muscular strength aids you in performing manual labor in your job and also in performing any task the Air Force might ask you to do.
  94. What was significan about the Korean Conflict with respect to POWs?
    There was evidence of captors trying to indoctrinate prisoners into the enemy's way of thinking and believing.
  95. What situations in some POW camps led the US to feel the need for an established set of guidelines for American military personnel taken prisoner?
    Organization in some of the POW camps deteriorated to an every-man-for-himself situation. Morale decayed to the vanishing point. Men died for lack of leadership and discipline. Many POWs either succumbed to the wishes of the Communist or to death itself.
  96. Why did POWs during the Vietnam War find the Code of Conduct difficult to live by?
    Most POWs found it difficult to live by the "letter" of the Code. The Viet Cong exacted cruel torture on American POWs to "persuade" them to give military information or propaganda statements. Most POWs tried to resist "giving in" to the enemy but the more they resisted the more severe the punishment became. Most POWs realized that to survive imprisionment, they would have to abide by the "intent" of the Code of Conduct to the best of their ability.
  97. What was the purpose of the changes to the Code of Conduct during the Carter Administration?
    Changing the wording of Article V would allow a POW under torture to give more than name, rank, service number, and date of birth without loss of honor or being placed in a moral dilemma. This would enable the prisoner to quickly recover after providing information during interrogation.
  98. What was the purpose of the Reagan Administration change to the Code of Conduct?
    All references to "man" or "men" were removed from the Code, aknowledging the fact that both service men and women are subject to capture by enemy forces.
  99. Describe the Code of Conduct in general terms.
    The Code of Conduct is a high standard of general behavior. It is a morale and ethical guide, established to assist military personnel in combat and captivity to live up to the DOD policy of survival with honor.
  100. What is the relationship of the Code of Coduct to the Uniform Code of Military Justice?
    The purpose of surviving captivity with honor does not constitute a means for judgement or replace the UCMJ as a vehicle for enforcement of proper conduct. The UCMJ contines to apply to each military member during captivity or other hostile detention.
  101. Under what circumstances should an individual or commander consider surrender?
    Only when evasion by an individual is impossible and futher fighting would lead only to death with no significant loss to the enemy should one consider surrender. When isolated, cut off, or surrounded, a unit must continue to fight until relieved or able to rejoin friendly forces through continued efforts to break or evade the enemy.
  102. Why would a service member not accept parole or specail favors from the enemy ( unless specifically directed by the senior American POW)?
    Accepting parole or special favors undermines the morale of other POWs, breaks down the chain of command and communication within a compound, and may lead to legal action following repatriation.
  103. Why is discipline imperative in a prisoner of war camp?
    Discipline is the key to camp organization, resistance, and even survival. Personal hygiene, camp sanitation, and care of the sick and wounded are imperative. Officers and NCOs of the United States must continue to carry out their responsibilities and exercise their authority in captivity.
  104. What should a POW do if he or she discloses unauthorized information under intense coercion?
    That prisoner's peace of mind and survival require a quick recovery of courage, dedication, and motivation to resist anew each subsequent coercion.
  105. What are the possible consequences of signing a confession while a POW?
    Any confession signed or any statement made may be used by the enemy as false evidence that the person is a "war criminal" rather than a POW. Several countries have made reservations to the Geneva Convention in which they assert that a "war crimina" conviction deprives the convicted individual of prisoner of war status, removes that person from protection under the Geneva Convention, and revokes all rights to repravation until a person serves out a prision sentenace.
  106. Why should service members ensure their personal affairs and family matters are properly and currently arranged?
    Failure to do so can create a serious sense of guilt for a POW and place unnecesary hardship on family members.
  107. What factors have been shown to play a part in a POW's struggle to survive with honor in captivity?
    Strong religious beliefs, American values, faith in country and the American people, a sound body, good communication
  108. How did a lack of understanding of American values impact POWs during the Korean War
    A lack of understanding of American values led some POWs to make anti-American statements and freely collaborate with the enemy.
  109. Why is communication so important in a POW camp?
    Communication allow vital information to be passed among POWs and facillates the accountabilty proccess.
  110. How did American POWs benefit from open and honest sharing with one another?
    Open and honest sharing of intimate feelings, fears, and dreams created a strong bond among the POWs. This sharing and concern fostered the will power for many to fight for survival from one day to the next.
  111. What is integrity?
    Integritiy is the willingness to do what is right even when no one is looking.
  112. Give the characteristics of service befor self.
    Characteristics include rule following. respect for others, discipline, and self control, and faith in the system.
  113. What does excellence in all we do mean?
    Excellence in all we do tells us the military professionals must be in continual pursuit of excellence. There is no room for the 'good enough for government work' mentality in the Air Force. Good enough is never good enough. Anything less violates the sacred trust of the American people.
  114. What perception could people get from an unprofessional relationship?
    Unprofessional relationships between officers and enlisted personnel, or between enlisted personnel in the same chain of command, can result in the perception of preferntial treatment or impropriety.
  115. Define a mentor?
    A mentor is a trusted counselor or guide--in other words someone with greater experience and wisdom guides another to develop personally and professionally. A mentor provides career guidance, enlisted heritage, knowledge of air and space power, and professional development. This guidance must include and reinforce Air Force core values.
  116. Define hazing?
    To harass or persecute with meaningless, difficult, or demeaning task; an unathorized assumption of authority over another resulting in cruelty or humiliation.
  117. What are some examples of hazing?
    (1) Tacking on stripes with vicious viger.(2) New prometees running through a violent guantlet for tacking on stripes.(3) PCS wash downs with fire hoses for departing members.(4) Flyers tack flying wings into chest with pins exposed. (5) Hand cuff troops to fixed objects and cover them with HAZMAT ( like Raspberry Jello).(6) Using peer pressure nad intimidation to scare new troops.(7) Have new recruits kiss a nuke warhead and break glow sticks on the troop so he thinks he is contaiminated.(8) ask new troops to go out and get 100 ft. of flight line, or keys to a plane.
  118. What are three intiatives former Secretary of the Air Force Sheila Widnall and former USAF Chief of Staff Ronald R. Fogleman mention that will ensure our commitment to Environmental Safety and Occupational Health (ESOH)?
    Our intiatives are to sustain rediness, to be a good neighbor, and to leverage our resources.
  119. What can you do to be responsible for your environment?
    Start, or continue to recycle at home. Use recyled materials or find other uses for materials you no longer need. Carpooling is an excellent way to conserve resources and it allow you to let someone else drive once in a while. Don't over-water lawns or let water run when not in use. Shut off lights, at home or in the office, when not in use.Turn off the television if no one is watching it.Take used motor oil to a service station that collects it for recycing.or have the oil changed at a service station that recyles it .
  120. What is information warfare?
    Information warfare is any action to deny, exploit, corrupt, or destroy the enemy's information and its systems while protecting against those actions and exploiting our own information systems.
  121. What are three objectives developed by the Air Force for information warfare?
    The Air Force developed three objectives for information warfare from this definition:(1) Control the information realm while protecting our information operations from enemy actions.(2) Exploit control of information to enhance force employment against the enemy.(3) Enhance overall force effectiveness by fully developing information systems.
  122. How can you think of information warfare as it directly relates to you?
    Information warfare relates directly to what you do on your job;it goes beyond a basic defense. You can think about information warfare in this way so you can build proceduresfor a defense.
  123. What is the duty of the Office of Public Affairs?
    The Office of Public Affairs is assigned the duty of disseminating offical Air Force news.
  124. What is the public affairs staff responsible for?
    The public affairs staff is responsible to the commander for managing a variety of products and programs; keeping the base population informed on what's happening on the installation and throughout the Air Force; organizing programs for base people to interact with local civilians; ensuring all proposed speeches, articles, and other communication on military topics are screened for security and policy considerations; and coordinating all liasons with news media.
  125. What capacity can you perform if you wanted to help the office of Public Affairs?
    you may consider being the UPAR for your unit. Each wing public affairs staff runs a public affairs representative (UPAR) program. The UPAR is the organization's point of contact for public affairs activities and serves as the liason with the base newspaper editor. This person helps arrange coverage for the unit and its people and help the commander or agency chief set up meetings to pass information to the troops.
  126. According to AFI 36--2906, Personal Financial Responsibility, what will military members do?
    The AFI states that Military Members : Will pay their just financial obligations in a proper and timely manner; Will provide adequate financial support of a spouse or child or any other relative for which the member receives additional allowances for support. Members will also comply with financial support provisionsof a court order or written support agreement; Will comply with the requirements imposed by this instruction, including the requirements to respond to application for involuntary allotments of pay within the suspense dates established by DFAS or the commander.
  127. What is a financial management program?
    A program that uses an established budget and credit wisely, ensures debts are properly discharged, and finacial plans for the future finances using a sound financial plan.
  128. What does a budget establish?
    A budget establishes what is needed to meet financial obligations and maintain a comfortabe lifestile and what an individual can live without.
  129. How can you benefit by listing your needs, wants and "can live without" expenses?
    It gives you an idea of how to spend your money.
  130. List the four steps in establishing a budeget?
    Identify values, identify income, identify expenses,
  131. What are the five rules of using credit cards?
    1) Only use credit cards in emergencies.2) Avoid impulse buying.3) if a credit card is used, pay off the balance as soon as possible to avoid interest charges.4) When obtaining a credit card, shop around for a low interest rate.5) When paying off credit cards, pay extra money to the one with the highest interest rate while paying the minimum payment on the others.
  132. In accordance with the Manual for Court Martial, what punishment can be levied for writing checks against accounts with insufficient funds?
    1) For the procurement of any article or thing of value, with intent to defraud, in the face amount of - $100.00 or less. Bad conduct discharge, forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and confinement for 6 months.- More than $100.00. Dishonorable discharge, forfeiture of all [ay and allowances, and confinement for 5 years. 2) For the payment of any past due obligation, ot for any other purpose, with intent to deceive. Bad-conduct discharge, forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and confinement for 6 months.
  133. What are some advantages of having a checking account?
    It provides a safe place for money, helps manage funds, provides credit rating, provides canceled checks as receipts, keeps money organized, and provides the ability to monitor outgoing and incoming funds.
  134. What are some disadvatages of having a checking account?
    If the checkbook is not maintained properly and checks are written on insufficeint funds, these checks can bounce. The result is an overdraft charge as high as $25.00 per check and/or a penalty charge by the business for whom the check was written. There are ATM withdraw fees, and various other service charges and transaction fees.
  135. According ro Maj Ken Arteaga, USAFA, how much money should a person save?
    At least 10% of your base pay, and at least four to six months worth of base pay set back for emergencies.
  136. Other than savings accounts, how else can you save money for the future?
    Two other ways would be a Money Market Fund and/ or a Certificate of Deposit.
  137. What will happen if you die and don't have a will?
    The state will write one after an individual has passed.
  138. How do you demonstrate the Air Force core values by preparing a will?
    Demonstrate service before self and respect for others by ensuring your family is provided the necessary means for living if you are no longer around to do so.
  139. How does the Air Force achieve the characteristics of responsiveness and flexibility with reference to its personnel?
    The Air Force must have people in the right place, at the right time, and ready to perform the jobs for which they have been trained. Personal readiness helps military members ensure they are able to be in the right place, at the right time, and ready to perform their jobs.
  140. What is personal readiness?
    A military member's responsibility to care for dependents does not relieve the member from his or her responsibility to be available for worldwide deployment.
  141. How does a member's responsibility to care for dependants relate to his or her responsibility to be available worldwide?
    A military member's reponsibility to care for dependents does not releive the member from his or her responsibility to be available for worldwide deployment.
  142. What is the Air Force policy on your meeting responsibilities to dependents and the Air Force?
    The Air Force sees a need for your dependents to be cared for and a need to accomplish the mission at the same time.
  143. What is the key to dependent care arrangements?
    Advance planning is the key to dependent care arrangements.
  144. What are the different requirements for single parents and militay couples with dependent?
    They must provide documentation of who will take responsibility of their dependents.
  145. How does your estate plan affect your survivors?
    It prevents survivors from having to make sensitive decisions during a highly emotional time, and an estate plan can help reduce their burdens.
  146. What should you discuss with your family concerning your estate plan?
    Tell a responsible family member that if you die while on active duty, and particulary as a result of performing your military duties, your survivors could receive some or all of the following benefits: all outstanding pay and allowances; a death gratuity, the Social Security lump sum death payment, and burial expense payments.
  147. What should you include in your estate plans?
    Will, DD Form 93, Records and documents, Personal affairs record, and Safe Storage of your documents.
  148. How does our personal fitness impact our public image?
    Military effectiviness due to personal fitness.
  149. Who is responsible for maintaining the physical fitness of our personnel?
    Everyone's responsiblity.
  150. What is the commander"s responsibility in the weight management program?
    Identify, Counsel, and refer medical evaluation who goes over there allowable weight.
  151. What is the definition of doctrine?
    Doctrine is a statement of officially sanctioned beliefs and warfighting principles that describe and guide the proper use of air and space forces in military operations. it is what we have come to understand about war, based on our experience to date.
  152. Who does the Air Force Doctrine Document apply to?
    The Air Force Doctrine Documents apply to all active duty, National Guard, Air Force Reserve, and civilian Air Force personnel.
  153. What is AFDD 1?
    The Air Force Basic Doctrine, AFDD 1, addresses the capabilities of using Air Force assets in all levels of war, strategic, operational, and tactical, to accomplish the missions assigned by National Command Authoritis (NCA).
  154. What are the three levels of air and space doctrine?
    The Air Force places air and space doctrine at different levels and depths of detail in the forms of basic, operational, and tactical doctrine.
  155. What does AFDD 1 establish?
    AFDD 1, Air Force Basic Doctrine, establishes general doctrine guidence for the application of air and space forces in operations across the full range of military operations from global nuclear or conventional warfare to military operations other than war (MOOTW).
  156. What does basic and operational doctrine provide focus for?
    For developing the missions and tasks that must be executed through tactical doctrine.
  157. What are the three types of doctrine?
    Service Doctrines, Joint Doctrine, and Multinational Doctrine.
  158. What does joint doctrine describe?
    Joint doctrine describes the best way to integrate and wmploy air and space forces with land and naval forces in military action.
  159. Define strategy?
    The art and science of developing and using political, economic, psychological, and military forces as necessary during peace and war, to afford the maximum support to policies, in order to increace the probabilites and favorable consequences of victory and to lesson chances of defeat.
  160. What is the difference between doctrine and strategy?
    Military doctrine describes how a job should be done to accomplish military goals; strategy defines how it will be done to accomplish national political objectives. Strategy originates in policy and adresses broad objectives and the plans for achieving them. Doctrine evolves from military theory and experience and addresses how best to use military power.
  161. What are the three fundamental truths about the nature of war?
    War is an instrument of national policy. War is a complex and chaotic human endeavoe. War is a clash of opposing.
  162. Describe the employment of air and space power?
    The US Air Force empoys air and space power globally through basic functions to achieve strategic, operations, and tactical level objectives in war and military operations other than war.
  163. According to the Department of Defense Directive, the US Air Force is the only service directed to perform what role in defense?
    Organize, train, equip, and provide forces for both the conduct of prompt sustained combat operation in air and for strategic missile warfare.
  164. List the function of air and space power.
    Counterair, Counterspace, Countersea, Strategic Attack, Counterinformation, Command & Control, Airlift, Air Refueling, Spacelift, Special Operations Employment, Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance, Combat Search & Rescue, Navigation & Positioning, and Weather Services.
  165. Describe offensive counter air.
    It is the most effective and efficient method for achieving the appropriate degree of Air superiority. The function consists of operations to destroy, neutralize, disrupt, or limit enemy air and missle power as close to the source as possible and at a specific place and time.
  166. Interdiction is what form of maneuver?
    Air maneuver.
  167. What is MOOTW?
    MOOTW are military actions not associated with sustained, large-scale combat operations.
  168. What is the goal of MOOTW?
    The overall goal of MOOTW is to pursue US national policy initiatives and to counter potential threats to US national security interests.
  169. List three types of operations that would be considered MOOTW.
    Any three of the following: Enforcement of Sanctions; Enforcing Exclusion Zones; Protection of Shipping; Strikes and Raids; Combating Terrorism; Counterdrug operations; Ensuring Freedom of Navigation; Noncombatant Evacuation Operations; Peace Operations; Recovery Operations; Arms Control Support; Domestic Support Operations; foreign Humanitarian Assistance; National Assistance; Show of Forces; or Support to Insurgency.
  170. Why is aerospace power essential to show of force operations?
    Aerospace power often is the only instrument of military power with the speed to respond globally to demonstrate US resolve.
  171. How is war categorized?
    War is a multidimensional activity, which can be catrgorized in various ways: by intensity (low or high); by duration (short or protracted); by the means employed (conventional, unconventional, nuclear); or by the objectives/resources at stake (general or limited war). Warfare is normally associated with the different mediums of air, land, sea, and space.
  172. Why is air superiority a prerequisite for all other combat operations?
    We must have air superiority to provide both the freedom to attack and freedom from attack. Air superiority can be localized (e.g., protection of high value assets) or theaterwide as it was during Desert Storm. It includes both offensive and defensive missions and involves the destruction of enemy aircraft and ballistic and cruise missiles, both in flight and on the ground. In a war, we must take the offensive position that will allow us to choose the time and place of the attack instead of waiting for an attack and having to defend ourselves.
  173. What is the advantage of using aerospace power to create disruption?
    Disruption causes delays, disorder and confusion, and destroys unit cohesion. It makes the enemy far more vulnerable to follow-on attacks by all types of forces. Attacking enemy command and control facilities could also lead to disruption of the enemy's ability to control his forces or to gain intelligence about our own operations.
  174. Specify the three basic levels of war.
    Strategic, Operational, Tactical.
  175. Describe the strategic levelof warfare.
    Strategic - addresses the why we fight, the what we fight, and the why the enemy fights against us.
  176. Describe the operational level of warfare.
    Operational - links war tactics and strategy by establishing operational objectives to achieve strategic objectives.
  177. Describe the tactical levelof warfare.
    Tactical - deals with how forces are employed, and specifies how engagements are conducted and targets attacked.
  178. Define maneuver.
    Maneuver involves such issues as Expeditionary Task forces, airlift, command and control, and orbital access.
  179. What are the three dimensions of maneuver?
    Surface, air and space.
  180. Specify the principles of war.
    Unity of command, objective, offensive, mass, maneucer, economy of force, security, surprise, and simplicity.
  181. Define the primary principles of war?
    Guidelines that commanders can use to form and select a course of actions.
  182. How does air and space power differ form land and sea forces?
    Both air and space power involve operations in all three dimensions.
  183. Describe air and space power.
    Air and space power is considered static and rigid.
  184. Identify and describe the core competencies at the heart of Air Force strategic perspectives.
    The competencies are: 1) Air and space superiority - Air and space superiority rarely is an end in itself but is a means to the end of attaining military objectives. It is an important first step in military operations. It provides freedom to attack as well as freedom from attack. 2) Precision engagement - Precision engagement is the ability to command, control, and employ forces to cause discriminate strategic, operational, or tactical effects. 3) Information superiority - Information superiority is the ability to collect, control, exploit, and defend information while denying an adversary the ability to do the same and, like air and space superiority, includes gaining control over the information realm and fully exploiting military information functions. Information superiority was the first function of the Air Force.4) Global attack - Global attack provides the Air Force with unique ability to attack rapidly and persistently with a wide range of munitions anywhere on the globe at any time.5) Rapid global mobility - Rapid global mobility refers to the timely movement, positioning, and sustainment of military forces and capabilities through air and space, across the range of military operations.6) Agile combat support - Agile combat support provides the Air Force with highly responsive force support that is poised to respond to global tasking within hours and also support that force with equal facility. This includes all elements of a forward base-support structure -- maintencce, supply, transportation, communications, services, engineering, security, medical, and religious.
  185. Identify the four basic forms of command relationships.
    Combat control, operational control, tactical control, and support and administrative control.
  186. List the chain of command from the National Command Authority downward.
    The administrative chain of command flows from the National Command Authority through the Secretary of the Air Force to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force to the Major Commands, then to the Numbers Air Force Commanders.
  187. For what purpose is the Air Force organized?
    For wartime and global capabilities.
  188. List two central issues which govern the way the Air Force is organized.
    The principle of unity of command and the tenet of centralized control and decentralized execution.
  189. Why is it important to understand Air Force organizational terms and structure?
    Because war is waged and airpower employed through and by organizations.
  190. When defining a task, what is meant by discrete?
    Discrete means that a task will only be listed once although the relationships between a particular task and multiple other tasks may be complex (i.e., one task supports or enables other tasks.)
  191. List and explain two types of tasks?
    The Joint training environment uses command-linked tasks to depict the interface between supported and supporting commands and agencies.Air Force Tasks are organized as core tasks, capability tasks, tasks that provide capabilities and performance tasks.
  192. How are the Air Force tsks organized?
    You must understand your mission and the tasks that are essential to mission accomplishment.
  193. What is the first thing you have to understand before you establish your Mission Essential Tasks?
    Conditions are those variables of an operational enviornment that may affect unit, system, or individual performence. Conditions are those variables of an operational environment or situation in which a unit, system, or individual is expected to operate that may affect effectiveness. Conditions are organized into three broad categories: Physical (1.0), Military (2.0), and Civil (3.0).
  194. List and explain the types of assurance commanders need of ensure their unit can perform its mission?
    Operational Assurance - Operational assessments are invaluable as an independent, third party verification of unit capability. Compliance Assurance - is necessary to ensure we, as an institution, comply with established standards.
  195. Describe the changes the military went through the Cold War?
    After the Cold War, we worked downsizing our force, the requirement to maintain readiness, and respond to the new missions all around the world.
  196. What research was accomplished during the development of Global Engagement?
    There were two major studies conducted by Air University. The "SPACE CAST 2020" study looked at how the space arena would evolve and what new missions and applications for space power might develop over the next 25 years. The "Air Force 2025" study tried to determine how the world might look in the future. The Air Force Scientific Advisory Board conducted another study that looked at where technology is going over the next decades and the ideas that would be beneficial for the Air Force to pursue.
  197. Who was on the board of directors for the development of the new vision?
    The group included key Air Force leaders, the assistant secretaries, the functional managers of the air staff (three-star generals), all major command vice commanders, and the guard and reserve commanders.
  198. What are the four basic trends considered in Joint Vision 2010?
    Technologies in our military arsenal are widely availiable and affordable; contingencies are more complex and numerous than ever before; the military must be prepared for short-notice actions; and continued deficit reduction efforts will result in greatly reduced operating budgets.
  199. How does air and space power relate to Joint Vision 2010?
    The air and space thread runs throughout the new vision. Joint Vision 2010 provides an opportunity for the Air Force to demonstrate the combat power and utility of air and space power to the Joint Force Commander. Like Global Engagement, Joint Vision 2010 emphasizes long term and strategic planning. The vision provides a way to think about warfare of the future, and it depends on and highlights the contributions of air power for success.
  200. Global Engagement is based on six core cometencies and four central themes. What are the central themes?
    The four central themes are integration of air and space; airmen of tomorrow; commitment to innovation; and increase efficiency through outsourcing and privatization.
  201. Under the theme of airmen of the future, what is the airman expected to be like?
    The airman will remain our highest priority. The airman of the future will know what is expected, be skilled at their jobs and understand the basic premise of our air and space power doctrine, capabilities and contributions to the joint force.
  202. What is the benefit of evaluating a new strategic vision with war games?
    A war game places the players in a situation and allows them to explore issues when they may not have complete information. This arena offers great potential for the application of concepts within our strategy to increase efficency, as well as the productivity of the entire joint team.
  203. What is unique about the Air National Guard?
    The National Guard is unique in that it fulfills both federal and state missions.
  204. List some examples of Air National Guard missions.
    Fighter interceptor force, reconnaissance force, and tactical air support.
  205. To whom does an ANG unit report?
    ANG units report to the National Guard Bureau as an administrative command and to the functional command that they are gained under (ACC) or the AEF they are assigned to.
  206. What are some of the reserve missions?
    Airborne fire fighting, airlift capability, and fighter forces, aero-medical evacuation crews, combat logistics support squadrens, and aerial port crews.
  207. What major command does the Air Force Reserve fall under?
    Organizational chain of command for reserve personnel runs through the AFRC.
  208. What is the Army's fundamental purpose?
    The Army's fundamental purpose is to fight and win Nation's wars by establidhing the conditions for lasting peace through land force dominance.
  209. List one advantage of Naval force?
    Naval forces can suddenly appear on the horizon of most countries of the world, signal presence and power, then withdraw beyond the horizon again. Naval force can be applied with precision and overwhelming firepower and maintain flexibility and mobility despite restricted access to overseas bases.
  210. What is the top priority of the Marine Corps?
    The Marine Corps top priority is readiness.
  211. List two of the unified commands.
    US European Command, US Pacific Command.
  212. How was the Air Force structured to support operations after the Cold War?
    As a garrison force, we positioned forces in mass at large stateside and overseas locations.
  213. List two examples of the military acting as an expedicionary force before we introduced the EAF.
    One of the first uses of an expeditionary force occured in the year of 1916 during the pursuit of Pancho Villa in Mexico.During World War I, the United States used an expeditionary force to fight in Europe against German forces.
  214. What is the mission of the EAF?
    The vision of the Expeditionary Aerospace Force (EAF) is to organize, train, equip, deploy and sustain itself in the dynamic 21st centry global security enviornment. It will require a change in the methods used for training, equipping, deploying, and sustaining our forces to meet these new challenges.
  215. How will the EAF benefit our OPSTEMPO and PERSTEMPO situations?
    The EAF allows us to adapt quickly to the current demands for aerospace forces. Deployments are on a scheduled basis to allow people to maintain combat readiness and a better quality of life. We can determine when that force is stressed and where relief should be focused. It provides units, people, their familiesm and employers for the ARC components, greater deployment stability and predictability. By using total force and distributing deployment support requirements through the ARC components, we relieve some active duty personnel from deployments.
  216. Explain how the AEF cycle will work?
    The EAF will operate on a 15-month deployment lifecycle for each AEF. Foe example, AEF 1 and 2 will be on call for contingencies for 90 days. After that 90-day time frame, they will begin to stand down while AEF 3 and 4 go into their 90-day on call window. AEF 1 and 2 will remain in a normal training phase for the next 9 or 10 months. Approximately 60 days before their on call window starts, they will begin to "spin-up" and prepare for deployments.
  217. What are the actually deployment assets in the AEF, and how do they fit into a joint operation chain of command?
    The actual deployable units are the Aerospace Expeditionar Wings (AEW), Groups (AEG) or Squadrons (AES), which deploy with tactical level command. When deployed, the chain of command for the wings, groups or squadrons will be incorporated into joint command structures, normaly as an Aerospace Expeditionary Task Force (ASETF), under command of the COMAFFOR.
  218. What are Mobility Lead Wings?
    Five wings that are paired to the AEFs. They provide expeditionay leadership and airlift expertise. Their job is to move the AEFs and support them throughout that move. They will also respond to operations such as humanitarian relief, disaster response and non-combatant evacuatiopn operations.
  219. What is the purpose of the Aerospace Expeditionnary Force Center?
    The Center is/are responsible for AEF/AEW management. The AEFC provides continuity; identifies training requirments; guides AEF/AEW planning; and monitors the readiness levels of the AEFs. It is the primary point of contact for the AEFs. It can assist and participate in and enhance deliberate and crisis planning.

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