Psychology chapter 7

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Psychology chapter 7
2013-11-10 13:28:32
coach parker psychology chapter memory

Psychology test chapter 7 on memory.
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  1. memory
    process by which we recollect prior experiences, information, and skills we have learned
  2. 3 kinds of memory
    • episodic- specific event
    • sementic- general knowledge
    • implicit- skills or procedures (driving)
  3. encoding
    translation of information that can be stored
  4. storage
    maintenance of encoded info over a period of time
  5. 2 strategies for storing infor
    • maintenance rehearsal- repeating info over and over
    • elaborative rehearsal- relate it to something you already know
  6. retrieval
    locating stored info and returning to conscious thought
  7. Context dependent memory
    memories that come back to you in the place where they happened
  8. State dependent memory
    retrieved because of a mood you are in
  9. 3 stages of memory
    • sensory- immediate, initial recordings of info
    • short term- memory held for a short time
    • long term- knowledge that is kept in memory
  10. Ionic memory-
    • memories that are like snapshots
    • eidetic imagery- ability to remember visual stimuli for long periods of time
    • echoic memory- saying something out loud to remember it
  11. primacy effect
    tendency to remember things at the beginning of a list
  12. eidetic imagery
    ability to remember visual stimuli for long periods of time
  13. echoic memory
    saying something out loud to remember it
  14. recency effect
    ability to remember the last thing in a list
  15. chunking
    organizing things into units to remember them
  16. interference
    when new info takes the place of old info in short term memory
  17. Schemas
    mental representations that we form by organizing bits of information into knowledge
  18. 3 basic memory tasks
    • recognition- identifying events or objects that have been encountered before
    • recall- bring on image or thought back to your memory
    • relearning-remembering things you once knew and have forgotten about
  19. decay
    fading away of a memory
  20. repression
    forgetting memories to protect yourself from bad memories
  21. types of amnesia
    • infantile- forgetting your childhood
    • Anterograde- trauma preventing the creation of new memories
    • retrograde- forgetting everything before a trauma
  22. Improving memory
    • drill and practice- repetition
    • relate to things- relate new info to old info
    • form associations- make funny associations
    • construct links- make links between info
    • mnemonic devices- using acronyms and jingles