The Cotes

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Author:
mikedutch
ID:
246155
Filename:
The Cotes
Updated:
2013-12-01 11:55:18
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FWS Bordeaux
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FWS Master Level
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  1. How many appellations does Bordeaux have?
    About 60 (even INAO shrugs!)
  2. What percent of 2009 Bordeaux production was in The Cotes?
    • Bordeaux and Bordeaux Superieur: 50%
    • The Cotes: 13%
    • Graves/Medoc: 17%
    • Saint-Emilion/Pomerol/Fronsac: 10%
    • Dry White: 8%
    • Sweet White: 2%
  3. What do the Cotes de Bordeaux have in common?
    They are all situated along the banks of Bordeaux waterways
  4. Where are the Cotes de Bordeaux located?
    • Vineyards along the Garonne (Pyrennes source) and Dordogne (Massif Central source) rivers and the Gironde estuary (where the rivers come together near Margaux)
    • Hint: Coasts (circumflex above o means it used to be os)
  5. Describe the Cotes de Bordeaux topography and geology?
    Rivers carved the limestone bedrock to create a slope which was covered with clay topsoil
  6. What grape variety is suited for Cotes de Bordeaux soil?
    Merlot
  7. Do all Cotes de Bordeaux AOC make red wine?
    Yes
  8. Name the 7 Cotes de Bordeaux AOC
    • Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux (1937)
    • Premieres Cotes de Blaye (1938)
    • Cotes de Bourg (1936)
    • Cotes de Castillon (1989)
    • Cotes de Francs (1967) - on the Barbanne, a stream north of the Dordogne
    • Graves de Vayre (1937)
    • Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux (1937)
  9. Where is the Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux?
    Right bank of the Garonne river extending from Bordeaux city to Sauternes
  10. What varieties are grown in Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux?
    • Merlot: 55%
    • Cabernet Sauvignon: 25%
    • Cabernet Franc: 15%
    • Malbec: 5%
  11. How big is the Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux?
    • Communes: 39
    • Producers: 240
    • Hectares: 2700
  12. What type of wine is made in the Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux AOC?
    • Red
    • Sweet white
  13. Why does the Premieres Cotes de Blaye have a wide range of wines?
    It is a large region
  14. Where is the Premieres Cotes de Blaye located?
    Right bank of Gironde estuary, extending inland (near Cognac)
  15. Name the 3 terroirs in the Premieres Cotes de Blaye AOC
    • Saint-Ciers (N) - sandy clay and clay with gravel (SB)
    • Blaye (SW) - clay and limestone (Merlot)
    • Saint-Savin (SE) - mix of soils good for all grapes
  16. Name the 5 appellations (based on styles of wine) in the Premieres Cotes de Blaye
    • Premieres Cotes de Blaye (red, white)
    • Cotes de Blaye (white)
    • Blaye (red, white)
  17. How big is the Premieres Cotes de Blaye/Blaye?
    • Communes: 42
    • Producers: 700
    • Hectares: 6500 (Blaye is 45)
    • Hectoliters: 315K (Blaye is 1985)
  18. What black grapes are grown in the Premieres Cotes de Blaye AOC?
    • Merlot: 60%
    • CS: 30%
    • CF: 5%
    • Malbec: 5%
  19. What white grapes are grown in the Premieres Cotes de Blaye AOC?
    • Sauvignon: 80%
    • Colombard & Ugni Blanc: 10%
    • Semillon: 5%
    • Muscadelle: 5%
  20. What white grapes are grown in the Cotes de Blaye AOC?
    • Colombard: 60%-90%
    • Semillon, Sauvignon, Muscadelle
    • Others: Merlot Blanc, Folle Blanche, Ugni Blanc, Chenin
  21. Are Blaye regulations more stringent than for Premieres Cotes de Blaye?
    • Yes (unusual)
    • Higher density (6K vines/ha), Petit Verdot (higher quality since harder to grow), 18 months aging before release
  22. Are white grapes allowed for AOC Blaye?
    • Yes (but rare)
    • Ugni Blanc: 90% minimum!
  23. Where is the Cotes de Bourg AOC located?
    South of Cotes de Blaye (much smaller)
  24. Name the 2 appellations in the Cotes de Bourg
    • Red (83%)
    • White
  25. How big is the Cotes de Bourg?
    • Communes: 15
    • Producers: 430 (171 in coop = 23% production)
    • Hectares: 3900
  26. What black grapes are grown in the Cotes de Bourg AOC?
    • Merlot: 67%
    • Cabernet Sauvignon: 21%
    • Cabernet Franc: 6%
    • Malbec ("Cot de Bourg"): 6% (highest in any Bordeaux appellation)
  27. What white grapes are grown in the Cotes de Bourg AOC?
    • Sauvignon: 46%
    • Colombard: 23%
    • Semillon: 23%
    • Muscadelle: 8%
  28. What is special about the Cotes de Castillon AOC?
    Good wines at moderate prices
  29. Where is the Cotes de Castillon located?
    Along the Dordogne river (east of Saint Emilion)
  30. How big is the Cotes de Castillon?
    • Communes: 9
    • Producers: 251
    • Hectares: 2747
  31. What black grapes are grown in the Cotes de Castillon AOC?
    • Merlot: 70%
    • Cabernet Franc: 20% (unusual)
    • Cabernet Sauvignon: 10%
  32. Is Cotes de Castillon the newest Cotes de Bordeaux AOC?
    Yes. 1989
  33. What is Catillon known for?
    Final battle in the hundred years war.
  34. Name 4 important (St. Emilion) wine makers in the Cotes de Castillon
    • Gerard Perse (Pavie): Chateau Sainte Colombe, Chateau Close l'Eglise, Clos des Lunelles
    • Gerard Becot (Beau-Sejour-Becot): Chateau Joanin Becot
    • Francois Despagne (Grand Corbin Despagne): Chateau Ampelia
    • Stephan von Neipperg (Cannon-La-Gaffeliere): Chateau de l'Aiguilhe
  35. Where is the Cotes de Franc located?
    North of the Cotes de Castillon (on the Barbanne, a stream north of the Dordogne)
  36. What major regions does the Barbanne stream separate?
    Pomerol to the north and Saint-Emilion to the south
  37. Name the two smallest Cotes de Bordeaux appellations
    • Cotes de Francs
    • Graves de Vayre
  38. How big is the Cotes de Francs?
    • Communes: 3
    • Producers: 41
    • Hectares: 525
  39. What black grapes are grown in the Cotes de Francs AOC?
    • Merlot: 50%
    • Cabernet Franc: 25%
    • Cabernet Sauvignon: 25%
  40. What white grapes are grown in the Cotes de Francs AOC?
    • Semillon: 60%
    • Sauvignon: 20%
    • Muscadelle: 20%
  41. Where is the Graves de Vayre located?
    • On the Dordogne across from Frontsac (hilly)
    • Flatland, gravel
  42. How big is the Graves de Vayre?
    • Communes: 2
    • Producers: 39
    • Hectares: 700
  43. Where is the Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux located?
    • Easter most extremities of Bordeaux below the Dordogne
    • Part of Entre-deux-Mers until 1936
  44. How big is the Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux AOC?
    • Communes: 19
    • Producers: 60
    • Hectares: 400
  45. What styles of wine are made in the Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux AOC?
    • Red
    • White (Dry and Sweet)
  46. What is the name of the unified Cotes appellation?
    Cotes de Bordeaux (2009)
  47. Name the 4 AOCs marketed as Cotes de Bordeaux
    • Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux: Cadillac-Cotes de Bordeaux
    • Premieres Cotes de Blaye: Blaye-Cotes de Bordeaux
    • Cotes de Castillon: Castillon-Cotes de Bordeaux
    • Cotes de Francs: Francs-Cotes de Bordeaux
  48. What was the Crémant-de-Bordeaux AOC known as before 1990?
    Bordeaux Mousseux
  49. What varieties does Vin de Pays (IGP) de l'Atlantique allow?
    • Chardonnay for white wines
    • Syrah for red wines
    • In 2009, Vin de Pays was replaced by Indication Géographique Protégée (IGP)
  50. Name the 3 tiers of Vin de Pays
    • Regional: Vin de Pays d'Oc, Vin de Pays de la Loire, Vin de Pays du Comte Tolosan (SW), Vin de Pays de Mediterranee (SE, Provence, Corsica), Vin de Pays Comtes Rhodaniens (Rhone). Disputed: Vin de Pays de l'Atlantique (Bordeaux and Charentes), Pays de Gaules (Beaujolais), Vin de Pays Vignobles de France (all of France)
    • Departmental: Each regional VdP is divided into departmental VdP (about 50)
    • Local: may take name from historical or geographical and reflect terroir.

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